Mentha sachalinensis

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Garden mint
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Mentha
Species: M. arvensis
Subspecies: M. a. haplocalyx
Trinomial name
M. arvensis subsp. haplocalyx var. sachalinensis
(Briq. ex Miyabe & Miyake) Kudô[1]

Mentha sachalinensis (Mentha arvensis subsp. haplocalyx var. sachalinensis)[2] is known by the common name of Sachalin (or Sakhalin) mint.[1] It is a variety of field mint, native to Japan, Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, the Russian Far East (particularly Sakhalin island) and Norway.[2][3]

It is often used in teas and is quite easy to grow.[citation needed] The leaves grow in a circular form and the end of each stem. It is grown in Hungary for essential oil and menthol production.[4] It also contains a significant amount of pulegone.[5]

Foreign names for this plant include sachalinenminze in German;[3] ezo, kusa hakka and inu hakka in Japanese; and 东北薄荷 (dong bei bo he) in Chinese.[2][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Quattrocchi, Umberto (1999). CRC world dictionary of plant names : common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 1659. ISBN 0849326737. 
  2. ^ a b c "Mentha sachalinensis in Flora of China". Flora of China (series) Vol 17. p. 237. Mentha sachalinensis (Briquet ex Miyabe & Miyake) Kudô, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo. 43(10): 47. 1921. 东北薄荷 dong bei bo he. 
  3. ^ a b Seidemann, Johannes (2004). World spice plants. Berlin: Springer. p. 228. ISBN 3540222790. 
  4. ^ Hornok, László (1992). Cultivation and processing of medicinal plants. Wiley. ISBN 9780471923831. 
  5. ^ a b Guenther, Ernest (1949). The essential oils. D. Van Nostrand Co. p. 663.