Mentonasc (Mentonasco in Italian, Mentonnais in French), is a Romance dialect historically spoken in and around Menton, France. It is classified as Occitan, with some strong influence from the neighbouring Intemelian Ligurian dialect spoken from Ventimiglia to San Remo.
Area of use
Mentonasc is or was spoken in the city of Menton and in the following municipalities near the border with Italy: Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Castellar, Castillon, Gorbio, Sainte-Agnès, Moulinet and Sospel.
Mentonasc shows some transitional features with the Ligurian language but is traditionally assigned to the Occitan language (often called Provençal).
In 1892, John Bruyn Andrews wrote: "it appears here also a sub-dialect of Provençal, considerably modified by Genoese infuence"
In the 19th century Mentonasc was used in the territories of the Free Cities of Menton & Roquebrune, an independent statelet created in connection with the Italian Risorgimento.
- Dalbéra (1984)
- James Bruyn Andrews, « Il dialetto di Mentone, in quanto egli tramezzi ideologicamente tra il provenzale e il ligure », Archivio Glottologico Italiano XII, 1890/92, p. 97-106. Despite the Italian title, the article is written in English.
- Ermanno Amicucci. Nizza e l'Italia. Mondadori editore. Milan, 1939.
- Dalbéra (1984) = Dalbéra, Jean-Philippe. Les parlers des Alpes Maritimes : étude comparative, essai de reconstruction [thesis], Toulouse: Université de Toulouse 2, 1984 [éd. 1994, London: Association Internationale d’Études Occitanes]
- Sumien (2009) = Sumien, Domergue. "Classificacion dei dialèctes occitans]", Lingüistica Occitana 7, Septembre de 2009, p. 1-44. ISSN
- Venturini (1983) = Venturini, Alain. "Le parler mentonasque", Lou Sourgentin 56, April 1983