Mentougou District

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Mentougou

门头沟区
Tanzhe Temple's Entrance
Tanzhe Temple's Entrance
Location of Mentougou District in Beijing
Location of Mentougou District in Beijing
Coordinates (Mentougou government): 39°56′25″N 116°06′05″E / 39.9402°N 116.1014°E / 39.9402; 116.1014Coordinates: 39°56′25″N 116°06′05″E / 39.9402°N 116.1014°E / 39.9402; 116.1014
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityBeijing
Township-level divisions4 subdistricts
9 towns
Area
 • Total1,321 km2 (510 sq mi)
Population
(2000)
 • Total266,591
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0010

Mentougou District (simplified Chinese: 门头沟区; traditional Chinese: 門頭溝區; pinyin: Méntóugōu Qū) is a district in western Beijing. Spanning 1,321 square kilometres (510 sq mi), with 266,591 inhabitants (2000 Census), it is subdivided into 4 subdistricts of the city proper of Beijing and 9 towns (1 of which is a suburb of the city proper of Beijing). It borders the Beijing districts of Changping to the northeast, Haidian and Shijingshan to the east, Fengtai to the southeast, and Fangshan to the south, as well as Hebei province to the west and northwest.

It lies in the Western Hills of Beijing and is mountainous in terrain. In fact, the mountainous terrain—including a hundred or more peaks—occupy a stunning 93% of the entire area.

It is a treasure trove of natural resources, including coal, limestone, and granite. Mentougou also supplies Beijing with agricultural produce such as roses, wild jujubes, mushrooms, and Beijing white pears.[citation needed]

The district was purely a rural area well into the early 1990s and was not considered as part of Beijing by the urban population, and as of today, many parts of Mentougou remain quite rural.[citation needed] The 6th Ring Road cuts through the eastern, more urbanised section of Mentougou Precinct.

Mining is one of the key industrial activities. Around 10 medium and large mining companies once operated in Mentougou, but some of them have ceased operations as mineral deposits have been depleted. The first known mining activity in Mentougou was documented during the Ming Dynasty.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

Mentougou is gaining popularity as a tourist destination. Among its main sights are Jietai Temple, Tanzhe Temple, Longmen Gully (or Canyon), Mount Baihua, Mount Ling (the highest mountain in Beijing at 2,303 metres), Mount Miaofeng, and the village of Cuandixia.

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 4 subdistricts and 6 towns with 3 towns of which carry the "area" (地区) label:[1][2]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[3] Area (km2)
Dayu Subdistrict 大峪街道 Dàyù Jiēdào 80,413 4.40
Chengzi Subdistrict 城子街道 Chéngzi Jiēdào 34,555 2.90
Dongxinfang Subdistrict 东辛房街道 Dōngxīnfáng Jiēdào 27,335 18.00
Datai Subdistrict 大台街道 Dàtái Jiēdào 11,296 81.00
Wangping (town) Area 王平(镇)地区 Wángpíng (Zhèn) Dìqū 6,513 46.00
Yongding (town) Area 永定(镇)地区 Yǒngdìng (Zhèn) Dìqū 42,446 68.60
Longquan (town) Area 龙泉(镇)地区 Lóngquán (Zhèn) Dìqū 32,149 49.00
Tanzhesi town 潭柘寺镇 Tánzhèsì Zhèn 8,672 73.20
Junzhuang town 军庄镇 Jūnzhuāng Zhèn 12,516 34.00
Yanchi town 雁翅镇 Yànchì Zhèn 6,587 239.00
Zhaitang town 斋堂镇 Zhāitáng Zhèn 10,817 392.40
Qingshui town 清水镇 Qīngshuǐ Zhèn 7,906 339.00
Miaofengshan town 妙峰山镇 Miàofēngshān Zhèn 9,271 110.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ These towns are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:门头沟区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-07.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.