Menua

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Menua
King of Urartu
Reignc. 810–c. 786 BC
PredecessorIshpuini
SuccessorArgishti I
Bornca. 850 BC
Diedca. 786 BC
IssueArgishti I
FatherIshpuini
MotherNaira

Menua (Armenian: Մենուա) was the fifth known king of Urartu from c. 810 BC to approximately 786 BC. The name is sometimes written as Menuas or Minua.

A younger son of the preceding Urartuan King, Ishpuini, Menua was adopted as co-ruler by his father in the last years of his reign. Menua enlarged the kingdom through numerous wars against the neighbouring countries and left a large number of inscriptions across the region. He organized a centralised administrative structure, fortified a number of towns and constructed fortresses. Amongst these was Menuakhinili located on Mount Ararat. Menua developed a canal and irrigation system that stretched across the kingdom. One of those canals was a 50 kilometre canal, which was named the Menua Canal after the king.[1] It flowed at a rate of 1500 to 3000 litres of water per second, depending on the time of the year.[2] Several of these canals are still in use today.

He was succeeded by his son, Argishti I.[3]

In Armenian, Menua is rendered as Manavaz (Manaz).[4] It is believed that Menua founded the city of Manazkert (Malazgirt).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sagona, Antonio; Zimansky, Paul (2009). Ancient Turkey. London: Routledge. p. 323. ISBN 0415481236.
  2. ^ Chahin, M. (1987). The Kingdom of Armenia. London: Croom Helm. p. 67. ISBN 070994800X.
  3. ^ Chahin, M. The Kingdom of Armenia: A History. p. 23.
  4. ^ a b Neusner, J. A History of the Jews in Babylon, Volume 1. p. 77.