Menzelya River

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Menzelya River
Menzelya River is located in Tatarstan
Menzelya River
Native nameМинзәлә  (Tatar)
Location
CountryRussia
RepublicTatarstan
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationNovy Menzelyabash, Sarmanovsky District, Tatarstan
 ⁃ coordinates55°02′13″N 52°42′39″E / 55.037°N 52.7108°E / 55.037; 52.7108
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Nizhnekamsk Reservoir
(formerly Ik River)
 ⁃ coordinates
55°41′55″N 53°05′24″E / 55.6987°N 53.0901°E / 55.6987; 53.0901Coordinates: 55°41′55″N 53°05′24″E / 55.6987°N 53.0901°E / 55.6987; 53.0901
Length147 km (91 mi)
Basin size2,120 km2 (820 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ maximum215 m3/s (7,600 cu ft/s) (1979)
Basin features
ProgressionNizhnekamsk Reservoir → Kama → Volga → Caspian Sea

The Menzelya (Russian: Мензеля; Tatar: Cyrillic Минзәлә, Latin Minzälä) is a river in Tatarstan, Russian Federation, a former left-bank tributary of the Ik River, which flows into the Nizhnekamsk Reservoir. It is 147 kilometres (91 mi) long, and its drainage basin covers 2,120 square kilometres (820 sq mi).

The river's source is at the village Novy Menzelyabash [ru], Sarmanovsky District, Tatarstan. Major tributaries are the Kholodnaya [ru], Kamyshly [ru], Iganya [ru], Urguda [ru] rivers.

The area of former Menzelya River mouth, now a gulf of Nizhnekamsk Reservoir

The maximal mineralization is 400-800 mg/l. The average sediment deposition at the river mouth per year reaches 100 millimetres (3.9 in). The maximal discharge is 215 cubic metres per second (7,600 cu ft/s). Drainage is regulated. Since 1978 it is protected as a natural monument of Tatarstan.[1]

The town of Menzelinsk is located near the river's mouth. The notable landmark of the river and the town is an abandoned railway bridge, where the railway was never installed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Минзәлә". Tatar Encyclopaedia (in Tatar). Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.