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Meow

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A cat meowing.
A cat meowing

A meow or miaow is a cat vocalization. Meows may have diverse tones and are sometimes chattered, murmured or whispered. Adult cats rarely meow to each other, so an adult cat meowing to human beings is probably a post-domestication extension of meowing by kittens: a call for attention.[1]

The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention-soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize.[2] Just as humans may verbalize exhaustively when they are happy, so can cats. According to The Purrington Post, a chatty cat is likely happy too.[3]

A mew is a high-pitched meow often produced by kittens.[4] It is apparently used to solicit attention from the kitten's mother,[5] and adult cats may use it as well.[4] The mew is similar to what is described in Brown et al. 1978 as an isolation call. By around three to four weeks of age kittens do not mew when at least one littermate is present, and at four to five months of age kittens stop mewing altogether.[6]

Spelling

In American English, the spelling "meow" was first used in 1842. Before that, the word could be spelled "miaow", "miau", or "meaw". Of any variant, the earliest attestation of a cat's cry in Early Modern English is from the 1630s.[7]

Language differences

The following table lists the onomatopoeic word for the "miau" or "meow" sound in various languages. In some languages (such as Chinese , miāo, and Thai แมว, mæw), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.[citation needed]

Written form Languages in use
muwaa' (مُواء) Arabic[8]
meo Vietnamese[9]
meong Indonesian[10]
miyu (میو) Persian
meow American English[11]
mèu Catalan
miaau Afrikaans
miaou French
miau Belarusian, Croatian, Finnish, German, Ido, Interlingua, Latin[dubious ], Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
miauw Dutch
miāo () Mandarin Chinese
ngiao1 / ngiou1 () Teochew dialect[12]
miu1 () Cantonese
miao Italian
miaow British English[13]
miyav Turkish
miav Danish
mjau Norwegian and Swedish
miyau (միյաւ) Armenian
myām̥ō (ম্যাঁও) Bengali
meogre Kyrgyz
miaŭ Esperanto
ngiyaw Filipino[14]
miyāʾūṉ (میاؤں) Urdu[15]
mjá Icelandic
mňau Slovak, Czech
ngeung Kapampangan[16]
njäu Estonian
ņau Latvian
nyav (няв) Ukrainian
mi'au Lojban
niaou (νιάου) Greek[17]
nyā (にゃー) Japanese
yaong (야옹) or nyang () Korean
myau (מיאו) Hebrew
myau (מיאַו) Yiddish
mjau (мјау) Serbian
miáú or nyaú Hungarian
myau (мяу) Russian, Bulgarian
ngiau Malay[18]
mijav Slovene
mia'wj Mi'kmaw

See also

References

  1. ^ "Meowing and Yowling". Virtual Pet Behaviorist. ASPCA. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  2. ^ Bradshaw, John W. S. (January 2016). "Sociality in cats: A comparative review". Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 11: 113–124. doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2015.09.004. ISSN 1558-7878.
  3. ^ Romper, 1 June 2018 - Do Cats Smile? Here's How To Tell Your Cat Is Happy, At Least On The Inside By Shari Maurer
  4. ^ a b Schötz, Susanne; van de Weijer, Joost; Eklund, Robert (25 August 2017). Phonetic Characteristics of Domestic Cat Vocalisations (PDF). 1st Intl. Workshop on Vocal interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots (PDF). pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-2-9562029-0-5.
  5. ^ Miller, P. (2000). "Whisker whispers". Association of Animal Behavior Professionals. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  6. ^ Brown, K.A.; Buchwald, J.S.; Johnson, J.R.; Mikolich, D.J. (1978). "Vocalization in the cat and kitten". Developmental Psychobiology. 11 (6): 559–570. doi:10.1002/dev.420110605. PMID 720761.
  7. ^ "Meow". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  8. ^ الدغامين, أحمد (6 March 2008). "السموع : أسماء أصوات الحيوانات والطيور بالعربية ( الجزء الأول )". Abu Dhabi. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  9. ^ Peggy Bivens (2002). Language Arts 1, Volume 1. Saddleback Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 978-1562-54508-6.
  10. ^ Meong at KBBI Daring
  11. ^ "Definition of MEOW". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  12. ^ , Teochew dialect
  13. ^ "MIAOW | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Filipino Animal Sounds: Tagalog to English: Dictionary Online". tagaloglang.com. 1 September 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  15. ^ فیروز الدین, مولوی (1978). فیروز اللغات اردو جامع (in Urdu) (2nd ed.). Lahore: Feroz Sons, Ltd. p. 1334. ISBN 9690005146.
  16. ^ ""Ngeung, "a cat's meow;" ngumeung, "to meow;" ngeungan, "against whom the cat meows, like at one who is eating."" (PDF). hau.edu.ph. p. 96. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  17. ^ νιαουρίζω. WordReference.com (in Greek). Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  18. ^ Ngiau at Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu