Mephibosheth

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For Mephibosheth, the son of Saul, see Armoni and Mephibosheth.
Illustration from the Morgan Bible of Mephibosheth kneeling before David.

According to the Books of Samuel of the Tanakh, Mephibosheth (Bib Heb: מְפִיבֹשֶׁת, Trans: Mefivoshet, Məp̄îḇṓšeṯ ;[1] meaning "from the mouth of shame" or "from the mouth of god Bashtu"[1]) or Merib-baal[2][3] (Bib Heb: מְרִיב־בַּעַל, Trans: Meriv-Ba'al, Mərîḇ-Báʻal) is the son of Jonathan, and grandson of King Saul,.[4]

According to the biblical narrative (2 Sam. 4:4), Mephibosheth was five years old when both his father and grandfather died at the Battle of Mount Gilboa. After the deaths of Saul and Jonathan, Mephibosheth's nurse took him and fled in panic. In her haste,[5] the child fell, or was dropped while fleeing.[1] After that, he was unable to walk.[6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Eerdmans 2000, p. 884.
  2. ^ Eerdmans 2000, p. 884-885: According to Arnold Gottfried Betz, in association with David Noel Freedman, Meribbaal may be the original name of Saul's son, while Memphibaal as preserved in the Lucianic recension may actually be the original name of Jonathan's son. There is some scholarly agreement that Mephibosheth replaced Meribbaal (or Memphibaal) in order to conceal the theophoric name "baal", a reference to a Canaanite deity.
  3. ^ Easton 1894, p. 457, a name preserved by the Chronicler (1 Chr. 8:34; 9:40).
  4. ^ Easton 1894, p. 457: 2 Sam. 4:4.
  5. ^ Easton 1894, p. 457.
  6. ^ Easton 1894, p. 457: 2 Sam. 19:26.

References[edit]