Mephistofeles (car)

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2011-03-04 Autosalon Genf 1380.JPG
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1923
Body and chassis
Class Racing car
Related Fiat SB4
Engine 21.7L Fiat A.12
Transmission Manual
Kerb weight 2 Tons

The FIAT Mefistofele (sometimes known simply as Mefistofele) is a one-off racing car created by Ernest Eldridge by combining a Fiat racing car and aeroplane engine in 1923. It is named after the demon Mephistopheles, a decision inspired by the infernal noise emitted from the unmuffled engine.

Eldridge broke the World Land Speed Record on 12 July 1924 with the Mephistopheles,[1] by driving at 234.98 km/h (146.0 mph) in Arpajon, France.

The Mephistopheles was created by combining the chassis of the 1908 Fiat SB4 with a 6-cylinder, 21.7 litre (21706 cc) Fiat A.12 aeroplane engine producing 320 PS (235 kW; 316 bhp).[2]

The engine named Fiat A.12 is a six-cylinder liquid-cooled in-line engine with a bore of 160 mm and a stroke of 180 mm, giving a capacity of 21,7 litre, with variants producing between 245 and 300 horsepower at 1,700 rpm. The A.12 was a large aero engine at the time and its dimensions were more typical of a marine engine, but it was efficient and reliable. It is to be assumed that Fiat's prior experience with extremely large racing engines contributed to its success. A total of 13,260 A.12s were produced between 1916 and 1919.


  1. ^ Crooke, Jon. "the CAR FIAT MEFISTOFELE 1923". Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  2. ^ "FIAT MEFISTOFELE". Fiat. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • - Story of the Fiat Mefistofele

Coordinates: 45°02′44″N 7°40′47″E / 45.04556°N 7.67972°E / 45.04556; 7.67972