|Elevation||6,476 m (21,247 ft) |
|Prominence||1,063 m (3,488 ft) |
|Location||Hinku Valley, Nepal|
|Parent range||Mahalangur Himalaya|
|First ascent||Mera Central: May 20, 1953 by Col J.O.M. Roberts and Sen Tenzing; Mera North: 1975 by Marcel Jolly, G. Baus and L. Honills|
|Easiest route||snow/ice/glacier climb|
Mera Peak is a mountain in the Mahalangur section, Barun sub-section of the Himalaya and administratively in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone, Solukhumbu District. At 6,476 metres (21,247 ft) it is classified as a trekking peak. It contains three main summits: Mera North, 6,476 metres (21,247 ft); Mera Central, 6,461 metres (21,198 ft); and Mera South, 6,065 metres (19,898 ft), as well as a smaller "trekking summit", visible as a distinct summit from the south but not marked on most maps of the region.
The height of Mera is often given as 6,654 metres (21,831 ft), and claimed to be the highest trekking peak. This figure actually points to nearby Peak 41, which was mistakenly named Mera in a list of Himalayan peaks, and the figures were copied to the official trekking peak list as they were, including the wrong location coordinates.
The region was first explored extensively by British expeditions in the early 50s before and after the ascent of Everest. Members of those teams included Edmund Hillary, Tenzing Norgay, Eric Shipton and George Lowe.
The first ascent of Mera Central was on May 20, 1953 by Col. Jimmy Roberts and Sen Tenzing (who was known by the nickname The Foreign Sportsman). Roberts was heavily involved in establishing the trekking industry in Nepal in the early 1960s. He was posthumously awarded the "Sagarmatha (Everest) National Award" by the government in May 2005.
Mera North is believed to have first been climbed by the French climbers Marcel Jolly, G. Baus and L. Honills in 1975, though some sources state that it was climbed on 29 October 1973 and the climbers included L. Limarques, Ang Lhakpa and two other Sherpas.
In 1986 Mal Duff and Ian Tattersall made the first ascent of the south west pillar. The route is approximately 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) in length and graded at ED inf. The approach to the base of the pillar is extremely exposed to serac fall.
The standard route from the north involves high-altitude glacier walking. The west and south faces of the peak offer more difficult technical routes. From the summit, five 8,000m peaks are visible: Mount Everest, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Makalu, and Kangchenjunga, as well as many other Himalayan peaks.
For experienced climbers it is a technically straightforward ascent, the main hurdle being proper acclimatization to the high altitude. These reasons make Mera Peak a very popular destination, with many adventure tour companies offering guided trips to the mountain for clients with little or no mountaineering experience. All climbers are recommended to partake in preparative fitness and altitude training before attempting an ascent.
- "Mera Peak, Nepal" Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
- Horrell, Mark. Islands in the Snow. Mountain Footsteps Press, 2018, pp.60-61.
- Shipton, Eric. That Untravelled World. Hodder and Stoughton, 1969, pp.183-214
- Roberts, J.O.M. (1954). "South of Everest (in "Everest, 1953" by Charles Wylie)". Himalayan Journal. 18: 59–64. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Isserman, Maurice & Weaver, Stewart. Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes. Yale University Press, 2008, p.381
- O'Connor, Bill. The Trekking Peaks of Nepal. The Crowood Press, 1989, p.32
- Fantin, Mario (1976). "Mera". American Alpine Journal. The Mountaineers Books: 518. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- Duff, Mal (1987). "The Other Side of the Mera: The First Ascent of the SW Pillar of Mera Peak (6487m), Hinku Valley, Nepal" (PDF). Alpine Journal: 89–91. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
-  Archived December 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
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