Merafong City Local Municipality

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Merafong City
Official seal of Merafong City
Location of Merafong City Local Municipality within Gauteng
Location of Merafong City Local Municipality within Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°25′S 27°25′E / 26.417°S 27.417°E / -26.417; 27.417Coordinates: 26°25′S 27°25′E / 26.417°S 27.417°E / -26.417; 27.417
CountrySouth Africa
DistrictWest Rand
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • MayorS.M Mogale-Letsie (ANC)
 • Total1,631 km2 (630 sq mi)
 • Total197,520
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African86.5%
 • Coloured1.1%
 • Indian/Asian0.3%
 • White11.8%
First languages (2011)
 • Xhosa24.9%
 • Tswana21.4%
 • Sotho19.3%
 • Afrikaans12.8%
 • Other21.6%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeGT484

Merafong City Local Municipality is a local municipality in West Rand District Municipality, Gauteng, South Africa. Its boundaries encloses some of the richest gold mines in the world. It is situated about 65 km from Johannesburg and is serviced by a number of major roads, including the N12 from Johannesburg to Beaufort West and the N14 (the main road between Gauteng and Vryburg via Ventersdorp).

Formerly a cross-border municipality, the entire municipality was transferred to the North West province[4] following the abolition of cross-border municipalities by an amendment to the South African Constitution in 2005. The municipality was a part of the North West Province from 2005 to 2009, when it was reincorporated into the Gauteng Province by another amendment to the Constitution, following often violent protests in the township of Khutsong.[5]

Merafong's historical development is closely knit with the discovery of rich gold deposits in the early 1930s.


Fochville is the oldest town in the region and was declared a town in 1951.[6]

The town Carletonville was named after Guy Carleton Jones, an engineer from the Gold Fields Ltd mining company, who played a prominent role in the discovery of the West Wits gold field, of which Carletonville forms a part. The mining company decided in November 1946 to establish the town. Carletonville was proclaimed in 1948 and attained Town Council Status on 1 July 1959.[6]

Wedela is situated in between Western Deep Levels and Elandsrand mine. The town's name is derived from the prefixes of the two mines: the "Wed-" from Western Deep Levels and the "-ela" from Elandsrand. Wedela was established as a mining village in December 1978 by Harry Oppenheimer, and municipal status was granted to the town on 1 January 1990.[6]

Attached to Fochville and Carletonville are the towns of Khutsong, Kokosi, Greenspark, Welverdiend, and Blybank.

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[7]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Blybank 78801 6.90 471 Zulu
Blyvooruitzicht 78802 6.31 6,461 Xhosa
Carletonville 78803 12.67 18,364 Afrikaans
Deelkraal 78804 9.41 3,356 Afrikaans
Doornfontein 78805 1.51 2,575 Xhosa
East Driefontein Mine 78806 2.03 11,481 Xhosa
Elandsfontein 68801 0.43 5,256 Sotho
Elandsrand 68802 0.19 1,786 Sotho
Elandsridge 78807 2.78 2,881 Afrikaans
Fochville 68803 9.53 11,344 Afrikaans
Khutsong 78808 8.60 69,858 Tswana
Kokosi 68804 4.90 23,062 Tswana
Leeupoort 68805 0.30 1,176 Sotho
Letsatsing 78809 0.76 1,511 Xhosa
Oberholzer 78811 3.09 5,368 Afrikaans
Phomolong 78812 0.25 947 Xhosa
Wedela 68807 2.18 14,159 Xhosa
Welverdiend 78813 4.06 2,226 Afrikaans
Westdriefontein 78814 38.29 4,792 Sotho
Western Deep Levels Mine 78815 44.72 11,274 Sotho
Remainder of the municipality 78810 + 68806 1,471.53 12,144


The municipal council consists of fifty-five members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Twenty-eight councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in twenty-eight wards, while the remaining twenty-seven are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 1 November 2021, the African National Congress (ANC) lost their majority of seats on the council

The following table shows the results of the election.[8]

African National Congress18,86348.262119,31649.68627
Democratic Alliance6,15915.7656,43016.5449
Economic Freedom Fighters5,58414.2916,12715.7689
Freedom Front Plus2,6716.8302,7617.1044
Merafong Agents of Change1,2183.1201,3563.4922
Independent candidates2,0245.1811
Inkatha Freedom Party6251.6006541.6811
African Independent Congress4431.1304601.1811
United Democratic Movement3951.0104021.0311
10 other parties1,1012.8201,3773.5400
Valid votes39,08398.0638,88397.41
Invalid/blank votes7721.941,0332.59
Total votes39,855100.0039,916100.00
Registered voters/turnout94,81142.0494,81142.10


The power utility Eskom has identified Merafong as a municipality with a poor payment record. Its debt with Eskom rose from over R570 million in 2021[9] to R700 million in 2022[10] when they were in discussions with the utility to address the monthly shortfalls.


  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. ^ Integrated Development Plan. Archived 2011-10-09 at the Wayback Machine Merafong City Local Municipality. Retrieved on Oct 6, 2009.
  5. ^ "NCOP Passes Merafong Bills." Archived 2010-11-28 at the Wayback Machine Press release. Parliament of the Republic of South Africa. Retrieved on Oct 15, 2009.
  6. ^ a b c About Merafong. Merafong City Local Municipality. Retrieved on Oct 6, 2009.
  7. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Election Result Table for LGE2021 — Merafong City". Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  9. ^ Khumalo, Sibongile (2 September 2021). "Eskom wins judgment against Emfuleni municipality over R1.3 billion debt". fin24. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Merafong Municipality working with Eskom to repay R700 million in debt". Eyewitness News. 18 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.

External links[edit]