Merauke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Merauke
Merauke is located in Western New Guinea
Merauke
Merauke
Merauke is located in Indonesia
Merauke
Merauke
Merauke (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°28′S 140°20′E / 8.467°S 140.333°E / -8.467; 140.333
Country  Indonesia
Province Papua
Regency Merauke Regency
Government
 • Mayor Johanes Gluba Gebze (Unofficial)
 • Vice Mayor vacant
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 87,634
Time zone Indonesia Eastern Time (UTC+9)
Area code (+62) 975
Climate Aw
Website merauke site government

Merauke is a subdistrict and regency seat considered to be one of the easternmost cities in Indonesia, located in Merauke Regency, Papua province, Indonesia. The town was originally called Ermasoe.[1] It is next to Maro River where Port of Merauke is located. [2]

At the 2010 Census Merauke had a population of 87,634.[3]

History[edit]

Merauke was established in February 1902 as a military post by the Dutch, to prevent raids by the Marind-anim into neighbouring British New Guinea and the northwest Torres Strait Islands (Boigu, Dauan and Saibai).

The Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier in Merauke is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Merauke.

RAAF No. 12 Squadron pilots in the mess at Merauke in December 1943

Merauke was the site of an Allied air base during World War II and there was ground fighting between Australian and Japanese patrols in the area.[4] It hosts the Musamus Merauke University, a state-run public university.

Merauke as the name[edit]

Merauke is used for the name of United States navy ship, USS Merauke (ID-2498).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 8°28′S 140°20′E / 8.467°S 140.333°E / -8.467; 140.333