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Mercator visiting Trinidad, c. 1960.
|Builder:||Ramage and Ferguson Ltd, Leith, Scotland|
|Tonnage:||770 gross tons|
|Length:||78.5 m (258 ft) overall; 68 m (223 ft) hull length|
|Beam:||10.6 m (35 ft)|
|Height:||foremast 39 m (128 ft); mainmast 41 m (135 ft); mizzenmast 40 metres (130 ft)|
|Draft:||5.1 m (17 ft)|
|Sail plan:||Three-masted barquentine, 15 sails: four jibs, four square foresails, three staysails, two spankers, two gaff topsails|
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
The barquentine Mercator was designed by the Antarctic explorer Adrien de Gerlache (1866–1934) as a training ship for the Belgian merchant fleet. She was named after Gerardus Mercator (1512–1594), Flemish cartographer. She was built in Leith, Scotland and launched in 1932.
Besides being a training a ship, she was also used, mainly before World War II, for scientific observations, or as ambassador for Belgium on world fairs and in sailing events.
In 1961, she became a floating museum, first in Antwerp, and finally from 1964 in the marina of Ostend, just in front of the city hall. As of 2013, she remained there in the heart of the city, open to visitors.
Mercator is a composite rigging. The foremast carries square sails, the main mast and the mizzen mast are rigged with fore and aft-sails. Usually the Mercator carried 15 sails with a total surface of about 1600 m². By fair wind she could easily make 13 knots.
Mercator's real career started off in 1934 when the ship sailed from Pitcairn Island, Tahiti, Papeete, to the Marquis Islands and Honolulu for a Belgo-French scientific expedition. This was her seventh cruise and known to be a fairly remarkable one to those preceding World War Two.
In 1936 Ostend's Mercator had the great honor of bringing home the remains of the Flemish missionary and apostle of the lepers, Pater Damiaan, from Molokai island.
On February 21, 1940, Mercator set out for her last cruise before World War 2. She sailed to Rio de Janeiro and afterward arrived in Boma.
From early 1945 to mid 1947, the ship was under the custody of the British Admiralty as a "Submarine Depot Ship". Unfortunately after 1947 the once elegant ship would not be able to put to sea again until January 20, 1951. After her horrible experience in Great Britain, the ship went back to Belgium to receive extensive maintenance work.
In 1960, Mercator returned to service as a training ship and completed 41 voyages, sailing almost all seas. After that she performed quite a few scientific missions. Besides that, she even completed races in Torbay-Lisbon (1956), Brest-Canary Islands (1958) and Oslo-Ostend (1960).
All these historic events of the ship would have been impossible without the captains: Captain R. Van de Sande (from 1932 till 1955), Captain R. Ghys (from 1955 till 1960).
- Gust Vandegoor: Commandant en schoolschip: Remi Van de Sande en de Mercator, 2009
- Werner Van de Walle: Mercator en de Belgische schoolschepen, 2012
- Freddy Van Daele: 1956 The Belgian Training-Vessel MERCATOR and the first international Tall-ships'race, 2018
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Museum site for barquentine Mercator - Ostend, Belgium
- Imperial War Museum Collection Search HMS Mercator (search results). Accessed 30 June 2012
- "Mercator." Mercator. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013.