Mercedes, Texas

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Mercedes, Texas
City
Downtown Mercedes in August 2010
Downtown Mercedes in August 2010
Nickname(s): The Queen City
Motto(s): "It Starts Here!"
Location of Mercedes, Texas
Location of Mercedes, Texas
Hidalgo County Mercedes.svg
Coordinates: 26°8′58″N 97°55′7″W / 26.14944°N 97.91861°W / 26.14944; -97.91861Coordinates: 26°8′58″N 97°55′7″W / 26.14944°N 97.91861°W / 26.14944; -97.91861
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Hidalgo
Area
 • Total 11.5 sq mi (29.8 km2)
 • Land 11.4 sq mi (29.6 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,570
 • Density 1,362/sq mi (525.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code 78570
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-47700[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341366[2]
Website cityofmercedes.com

Mercedes is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 15,570 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Mercedes is located in southeastern Hidalgo County at 26°8′58″N 97°55′7″W / 26.14944°N 97.91861°W / 26.14944; -97.91861 (26.149315, -97.918675).[4] It is bordered to the west by Weslaco and to the east, in Cameron County, by La Feria.

The Interstate 2/U.S. Route 83 freeway passes through the northern side of Mercedes, leading west 21 miles (34 km) to McAllen and east 14 miles (23 km) to Harlingen. Mercedes is 9 miles (14 km) north of the Progreso–Nuevo Progreso International Bridge over the Rio Grande, connecting Texas with the Mexican state of Tamaulipas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Mercedes has a total area of 11.5 square miles (29.8 km2), of which 11.4 square miles (29.6 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.55%, are water.[3]

History[edit]

Downtown Mercedes in 1915

Mercedes is known as "The Queen City of the Valley" or "La Reina del Valle". Mercedes was founded September 15, 1907, by the American Rio Grande Land & Irrigation Company, and was incorporated March 8, 1909. It is one of the oldest towns in the Rio Grande Valley, and the city celebrated its centennial in 2007.

The city was located in Capisallo Pasture, part of Capisallo Ranch owned by Jim Welles. This location was known as the Pear Orchard because of the vast numbers of prickly pear cactus growing there at that time.

Some sources[who?] state that the original name given to the city was "Diaz" in honor of Porfirio Diaz, then president of Mexico. Later it was supposedly renamed "Mercedes Diaz" in honor of the president's wife, and from that, Mercedes became the Queen City. This story, however, is historically inaccurate, given that neither of Diaz's two wives were named Mercedes.

General Zachary Taylor's headquarters was to the southeast of Mercedes near the Rio Grande. There the old Rabb Ranch was famous for its stagecoach stop and landing for the riverboats carrying supplies to the settlements and military installations.

The old Toluca Ranch still stands east of the International Bridge at Progreso, the sister city to the south. This ranch was close to the river and a prized target for the bandidos during the days of Pancho Villa. It was built with many secret rooms and passages, and had heavy wooden shutters on the windows to protect its residents.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,209
19203,414182.4%
19306,60893.6%
19407,62415.4%
195010,08132.2%
196010,9438.6%
19709,355−14.5%
198011,85126.7%
199012,6947.1%
200013,6497.5%
201015,57014.1%
Est. 201616,624[5]6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 13,649 people, 4,170 households and 3,348 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,591.2 per square mile (614.2/km²). There were 5,455 housing units at an average density of 636.0 per square mile (245.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.42% White, 0.36% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 16.95% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 90.01% of the population.

There were 4,170 households of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.27 and the average family size was 3.75.

32.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median household income was $23,064 and the median family income was $25,339. Males had a median income of $19,945 versus $18,387 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,658. About 30.4% of families and 36.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.4% of those under age 18 and 30.3% of those age 65 or over.

Shopping[edit]

The Rio Grande Valley Premium Outlets, owned by Chelsea Property Group which is a brand of Simon Property Group, opened on November 2, 2006.[7] The city is roughly the geographical center of the Rio Grande Valley urban agglomeration and is located on Interstate 2/U.S. Highway 83, which connects the major urban centers of McAllen, Brownsville and Harlingen. The city is located near a major Mexico – United States border crossing making it accessible to the growing middle class population of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Mercedes Post Office.[8]

Current elected city officials (2016):

  • Henry Hinojosa, Mayor
  • Ruben "Chano" Guajardo, Mayor Pro-Tem
  • Jose Gomez, Commissioner
  • Armando Lopez, Commissioner
  • Howard Wade, Commissioner
  • Richard Garcia, City Manager

Education[edit]

Mercedes is divided between two school districts:[9] eastern Mercedes is in the Mercedes Independent School District, zoned to Mercedes High School, while western Mercedes is in the Weslaco Independent School District, zoned to Weslaco East High School[10]

In addition, South Texas Independent School District, which is headquartered in Mercedes,[11] serves magnet students in many Rio Grande Valley communities, including Mercedes.

The Science Academy of South Texas and South Texas High School for Health Professions, schools of STISD, are in Mercedes.

In 2015, the city joined other cities in south Texas in support of the newly formed University of Texas Rio Grande Valley by adopting a resolution declaring August 31 as UTRGV day.[12] Also, they recognized the university by installing a boot with the university logos right across the municipal city hall.[13]

Public libraries[edit]

Dr Hector P Garcia Library serves Mercedes.[14]

Public arts[edit]

One of many cowboy boots displayed throughout Mercedes

Mercedes is home to a unique public art project: there are 30 handcrafted 5 12-foot-tall (1.7 m) cowboy boots dispersed throughout the city, each painted with the insignia of different colleges from around the state, country and even Mexico. People who are passionate about their alma mater come from all over to take a picture with their boot.

Radio stations[edit]

These are all the radio stations that broadcast from Mercedes:

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mercedes has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Mercedes city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ http://premiumoutlets.com/default.aspx?id=1215.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Post Office Location - MERCEDES Archived 2010-05-05 at the Wayback Machine.." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  9. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "High School Attendance Zones[permanent dead link]." Weslaco Independent School District. Retrieved on July 11, 2017. Persons using Mozilla Firefox to directly view this file may encounter problems
  11. ^ "Contact STISD." South Texas Independent School District. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  12. ^ "City of Mercedes Resolution" (PDF). 
  13. ^ KRGV. "Mercedes Helps UTRGV Kick Off with a New Boot". Archived from the original on 2015-08-23. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  14. ^ "Mercedes Public Library Archived 2007-08-11 at the Wayback Machine.." Hidalgo County Library System. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Mercedes, Texas

External links[edit]