Mercedes-Benz 5G-Tronic transmission

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5G-Tronic
Overview
ManufacturerDaimler AG
Chrysler Group LLC
Production1996-Today
Body and chassis
Class5-speed longitudinal automatic transmission
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz 4G-Tronic transmission
SuccessorMercedes-Benz 7G-Tronic transmission

5G-Tronic is Mercedes-Benz's trademark name for its five-speed automatic transmission, starting off with the W5A 580 and W5A 330 (Wandler-5-Gang-Automatik bis 580 oder 330 Nm Eingangsdrehmoment; converter-5-gear-automatic with 428 or 243 ft·lb maximum input torque; type 722.6) as core models.

Abstract[edit]

The 5G-Tronic (model W5A 330 and W5A 580 · type 722.6) is an electronically shifted 5-speed overdrive automatic transmission with torque converter lock-up (typically in gears 3, 4 and 5) and 2-speed for reverse. In all applications this transmission is identified as the New Automatic Gearbox Generation One, or NAG1.

It replaced the older 4-speed 4G-Tronic transmission-family and its 5-speed derivative, and was replaced by the significantly more complex and cost-intensive 7-speed[a] Mercedes Benz 7G-Tronic (model W7A 700 · type 722.9) transmission with 11 main components,[b] introduced in 2003. Due to its high torque capacity (up to 1000 Nm) and lower cost, it was still retained for turbocharged V12 engines, four-cylinder applications and commercial vehicles for almost a decade. It is still being built for niche applications (e.g. Sprinter with gasoline/CNG M111 engine, Jeep Wrangler, etc.).

Specifications[edit]

Basic concept[edit]

Technical and economic progress is reflected in 5 forward gears[c] out of 9 main components,[d] compared to 5 forward gears[e] out of 11 main components[f] in the direct predecessor.. It is fully electronic controlled and equipped with a torque converter lock-up.

Gear ratios[edit]

Gear Teeth and Ratios Planetary Gearset: Teeth Count Total Avg.
Model

Type

Version

First Delivery

Sun 1

Ring 1

Sun 2

Ring 2

Sun 3

Ring 3

Brakes

Clutches

Ratio

Span

Gear

Step

Gear 1 2 3 4 5 R 1 R 2
W5A 330

722.6

330 Nm · 243 lb·ft

1996[1][2]

50

79

34

70

54

87

3

3

4.7345 1.4751
Ratio 3.9319 2.4079 1.4857 1.0000 0.8305 - 3.1002 - 1.8986
W5A 580

722.6

580 Nm · 428 lb·ft

1996[1][2]

50

78

30

74

50

90

3

3

4.3152 1.4413
Ratio 3.5876 2.1862 1.4054 1.0000 0.8314 - 3.1605 - 1.9259
W5A 330

722.6

330 Nm · 243 lb·ft

Chrysler · 2004

58

92

34

70

65

103

3

3

4.7425 1.4757
Ratio 3.9510 2.4233 1.4857 1.0000 0.8331 - 3.1473 - 1.9303
W5A 580

722.6

580 Nm · 428 lb·ft

Chrysler · 2004

58

90

30

74

60

108

3

3

4.3266 1.4422
Ratio 3.5951 2.1862 1.4054 1.0000 0.8309 - 3.1671 - 1.9259

Special operating modes[edit]

Winter Mode[edit]

Activated by a toggle switch, Winter mode sets the gearbox to start off in 2nd gear, both in Drive and Reverse. This is designed to reduce wheelspin on icy surfaces.

With Jaguar XJR applications the switch is labelled "Sport". In regular driving mode the gearbox starts off in 2nd gear, and will only engage 1st gear when triggered via the kickdown switch. While "Sport" mode is enabled the gearbox will always starts off in 1st gear.

Speedshift (2001-)[edit]

Speedshift is a performance feature set for the Mercedes-Benz transmissions which includes manual mode and active downshifting. When cornering at high speed, the transmission maintains the same gear above a certain lateral acceleration level. It can also automatically downshift before overtaking.

It was first used in 2001 Mercedes-Benz C 32 AMG[3] and 2001 Mercedes-Benz SLK 32 AMG.[4]

AMG Speedshift (2002-)[edit]

A version with mechanical lock-up of the torque converter from first gear and steering-wheel-mounted shifter. AMG Speedshift is also used in 7G-Tronic transmission.[5]

It was first used in 2002 Mercedes-Benz E 55 AMG, S 55 AMG, C55, CL 55 AMG.[6]

AMG Speedshift R[edit]

A version used in Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren. It includes three manual modes.

Applications[edit]

Mercedes models[edit]

Mercedes S-Class[edit]

Mercedes CL[edit]

Mercedes E-Class[edit]

Mercedes C-Class[edit]

Mercedes CLK[edit]

Mercedes ML[edit]

Mercedes G-wagon[edit]

Mercedes SLK[edit]

Mercedes SL[edit]

Mercedes SLR[edit]

Maybach[edit]

Non Mercedes-Benz models[edit]

Jeep[edit]

Dodge[edit]

Chrysler[edit]

Jaguar[edit]

Ssangyong[edit]

Freightliner[edit]

  • 2001-2007 Freightliner Sprinter Vans (USA)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ plus 2 reverse gears
  2. ^ 4 planetary gearsets (Ravigneaux planetary gearset considered as 2), 4 brakes, 3 clutches
  3. ^ plus 2 reverse gears
  4. ^ 3 simple planetary gearsets, 3 brakes, 3 clutches
  5. ^ plus 1 reverse gear
  6. ^ 4 planetary gearsets (Ravigneaux planetary gearset considered as 2), 4 brakes, 3 clutches

References[edit]

External links[edit]