Mercedes-Benz C112

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Mercedes-Benz C112
Mercedes-Benz C112 1991 frontleft 2010-04-08 A.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerCarrozzeria Coggiola (body)
Mercedes-Benz (Chassis and interior)[1]
Production1991
AssemblyTurin, Italy
DesignerMercedes-Benz Advanced Design team under Bruno Sacco[2]
Body and chassis
ClassConcept car
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformRiveted aluminium and Kevlar body panels over bonded aluminium monocoque with integrated steel roll cage
DoorsGull-wing
RelatedMercedes-Benz C11[1]
Isdera Commendatore 112i
Powertrain
Engine6.0-litre Mercedes-Benz M120 60-degree V12
Transmission6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,700.02 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,616 mm (182 in)
Width1,976 mm (78 in)
Height1,200 mm (47 in)
Curb weight1,569 kg (3,459 lb)[1]
Mercedes-Benz C112
C112 with the gullwing doors open.

The Mercedes-Benz C112 was an experimental mid-engine concept car built in 1991 by German automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz as a test bed, similar to the later versions of the C111. Despite using the same chassis code, it was not related to the W112 series of limousines and coupes of the 1960s. The C112 was intended to be the road-legal counterpart of the Sauber-built C11 Group C prototype race car developed for the 1990 World Sports-Prototype Championship.

Features and specifications[edit]

The C112 was equipped with the new 6.0-litre (5,987cc) M120 V12 engine, with peak power of 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) and peak torque of 580 N⋅m (428 lb⋅ft). The body was built by the Italian coach builder Carrozzeria Coggiolo on the chassis supplied by Mercedes-Benz. The use of pop-up headlamps, a common feature on sports cars at that time was avoided as it increased drag and created aerodynamic turbulence, two fixed units with clear lenses and transparent fairings were used while the fog lamps and indicator lamps were integrated into the front bumper, made from Kevlar. An electronically controlled front spoiler was integrated into the funnel-shaped underwing inlet located under the front bumper's air-intake. A notable feature of the car were the gullwing doors, giving a nod to the iconic 300 SL. Door opening was servo-assisted by hydraulic cylinders positioned under the roof. The doors were designed in such a way that they could be bent open in case of a roll-over. The rear body work consisted of a simple hinged engine cover atop the riveted aluminium panels that allowed for easier repair work, a massive tail lamp array along with Kevlar venturi tunnels and a smooth rear bumper with integrated exhaust tips completed the rear look. In order to keep the aerodynamic drag low, only three air-inlets were utilised: one in each flank in addition to that integrated into the nose. The flank intakes supplied air to the engine bay through a radiator which cooled the engine oil with a portion of the air was channelled to the rear brakes. The nose inlet supplied air to the front brakes and to the water radiator. A smooth aerodynamic body along with the use of wing mirrors mounted of the A-pillar gave the car a drag co-efficient of 0.30, the lowest ever on a sports car at that time. The front spoiler and the rear wing controlled the lift generated due to the low drag coefficient. A light weight bonded aluminium chassis weighing 130 lb (59 kg) was utilised, strengthened by a tubular steel sub-frame for the doors and the roof, this measure also increased rigidity. The 6-speed manual transmission transferring power to the rear wheels was specially developed for the C112 by Mercedes-Benz. The suspension system was a multi-link unit utilised from the Mercedes-Benz 190-series. The special 5-spoke magnesium wheels were built by Speedline and measured 18-inches at the front and rear, wrapped in tyres supplied by Goodyear and Michelin. The brakes were ventilated cast iron units with four-piston callipers at the front and rear supplied by Brembo. Other features included a luxurious leather interior carried over from the S-class, air-conditioning, heated adjustable leather seats, climate control, GPS navigation system, power steering, ABS brakes, electronic rear-wheel steering dubbed the 'cybernetic' steering (a novelty at that time) and a Becker 2000 Mexico cassette radio.[2] The major systems demonstrated in the car were:

Active Body Control

Active Body Control was designed to control the vehicle's stability through a combination of active springs and hydraulics at each wheel, plus sensors that monitor the vehicle’s movements. The vehicle's computer assesses the information from the sensors and adjusts the suspension accordingly.

Other systems

The most recent updates in anti-locking braking (ABS) and anti-skid control system (ASR) which split the braking pressure between the front and rear wheels

Active Aerodynamics

This was provided through the car's front spoiler and rear wing, which were electronically controlled to ensure the optimal combination of low drag and high downforce. The rear wing was also used to improve the car's braking in emergency situations although this was not seen in production until the Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren.

Even though Mercedes-Benz received 700 orders for the car, it never went into production as it was determined by Mercedes-Benz executives that a flagship car wasn't needed to increase the attention drawn to the brand as it was already being done by motorsport successes.[3]

Performance[edit]

The C112 could theoretically accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 4.9 seconds and could attain a maximum speed of 309 km/h (192 mph). At its maximum speed, the C112 was claimed to generate a downforce of 998 kg (2,200 lb). These performance figures were never tested as the car was never driven.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Orlove, Raphael (31 August 2016). "When Mercedes Almost Built the World's Greatest Gullwing Supercar But Decided Not to Bother". Jalopnik. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Ludvigsen, Karl (August 2006). "Mercedes-Benz C112". Hemmings. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  3. ^ "The Research Cars of Mercedes-Benz". eMercedesBenz. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2008-05-15.