Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class
Overview
ManufacturerDaimler AG
ProductionDecember 2013–present
Model years2014–present
Body and chassis
ClassCompact luxury crossover SUV
Body style4-door SUV
Layout

The Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class is a compact crossover SUV unveiled by the German manufacturer Mercedes-Benz at the 2013 Frankfurt Auto Show.[1] It was previously unveiled to the public at the Shanghai Auto Show in April 2013 as a concept car. A second generation GLA-Class was introduced in December 2019.

The name GLA was devised in accordance with the revised Mercedes-Benz nomenclature for SUVs. This was formally announced in November 2014 to begin rollout in 2015. However, the GLA-Class name was already compliant with the naming structure since its debut. Under this scheme, SUVs use the base name "GL", followed by the model's placement in Mercedes-Benz hierarchy. The "G" is for geländewagen (German for off-road vehicle) and alludes the long-running G-Wagen. This is followed by the letter "L" that acts as a linkage with the letter "A"—the GLA being the SUV equivalent to the A-Class.[2][3]

Designed to compete with the BMW X1 and Audi Q3.[4] Since 2016, it has been imported and sold by Nissan through its Infiniti Brand in North America as the Infiniti QX30 with only minor detail/appearance differences; mechanically, the two cars are almost identical.[5] It slots below the Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class, renamed GLC-Class from 2015.

The GLA-Class is powered by a range of petrol and diesel 4-cylinder engines, and comes in either front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive 4Matic.[6]

Concept models[edit]

Concept GLA (2013)[edit]

The compact SUV concept car debuted in 2013 Auto Shanghai motor show[7][8] and is powered by a 2.0-litre turbo petrol engine rated 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp), 7-speed dual clutch automatic transmission, driving all wheels via the Mercedes-Benz 4Matic system. The concept included front headlamps with a laser-beam projector, two cameras housed in the front roof rail, 20-inch wheels and fibre-optic ambient interior lighting.

Concept GLA 45 AMG (2013)[edit]

The Concept GLA 45 AMG concept car was unveiled at the 2013 Los Angeles Auto Show,[9] as a high-performance version of the GLA-Class with an AMG 2.0-litre four-cylinder twin-scroll turbocharged petrol engine rated 360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp) and 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft), 4Matic all wheel drive, AMG Speedshift DCT 7-speed transmission with paddle shifters, and fitted with various AMG-badged accoutrements and an AMG sports exhaust system with an electronically controlled variable vane system to modulate the exhaust note.

Concept GLA 45 AMG (2016)[edit]

The 2016 Concept GLA 45 AMG with an AMG 2.0-litre four-cylinder twin-scroll turbocharged petrol engine rated 280 kW; 381 hp and 475 N·m, 4Matic all wheel drive, AMG Speedshift DCT 7-speed transmission with paddle shifters, and fitted with various AMG-badged accoutrements and an AMG sports exhaust system with an electronically controlled variable vane system to modulate the exhaust note.

First generation (X156; 2014–2019)[edit]

First generation (X156)
2015 Mercedes-Benz GLA 200 AMG Line CDi 4MATIC 2.1 Front.jpg
Overview
ProductionDecember 2013–November 2019
Model years2014–2019
Assembly
DesignerUli Baur
Body and chassis
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,699 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,417 mm (173.9 in)
Width1,804 mm (71.0 in)
Height1,494 mm (58.8 in)
Curb weight1,505–1,585 kg (3,318–3,494 lb)
Pre-facelift GLA 200 CDI
Interior (pre-facelift)
Facelift GLA 220
GLA 45 AMG Edition 1

The production X156 GLA-Class is closely based on the Concept GLA design and was unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.[12][13] Orders had been taken beginning from the end of November 2013, and arrived in dealer showrooms during 2014, with Japan and US in the autumn.[14]

GLA facelift (2017–2019)[edit]

Mercedes unveiled a mid-life facelift of the GLA SUV at the 2017 Detroit Motor Show in January 2017. The updated model came with some cosmetic tweaks on the outside, including a redesigned grille, new front and rear bumpers and updated 18-inch alloy wheels. Moreover, the bi-xenon headlamps of the previous models were replaced by all LED units, while the taillights too were all LED and got a new design pattern. A new Canyon Beige colour option was also added. The interiors carried forward the same dashboard layout, though the infotainment system received a new 8.0-inch screen that was located on top of the centre console in a free-standing layout.[15]

GLA 45 AMG (2014–2019)[edit]

The design of GLA 45 AMG is based on Concept GLA 45 AMG, with AMG sports suspension (MacPherson strut front axle with stiffer steering knuckles, four-link rear axle, optimised elastokinematics, specially tuned spring/damper units, bigger anti-roll bars), electromechanical AMG speed-sensitive sports steering, AMG high-performance braking system (ventilated, cross-drilled brake discs, grey-painted brake callipers (optional red)), 3-stage ESP with "SPORT Handling" mode, ESP Curve Dynamic Assist, 5-twin-spoke AMG light-alloy wheels painted titanium grey with high-sheen finish and 235/45 R 19 tyres (optional 10-spoke AMG light-alloy wheels in 2 a choice of 2 colours (titanium grey with high-sheen finish, matt black with high-sheen rim flange) 235/40 R 20 tyres), AMG front apron with front splitter in matt titanium grey, AMG 'twin blade' radiator grille in matt titanium grey, black flics (air deflector elements) above the large exterior cooling air intakes, bi-xenon headlamps, side sill panels with titanium grey inserts, 'TURBO AMG' lettering on the front wings and the aluminium roof rails, rear diffuser insert with titanium grey trim, rectangular chrome-plated tailpipe trim at the twin tailpipes.

Launch models of the AMG are sold as "Edition 1", available for one year from market launch, and include a high-gloss black Aerodynamics package with larger front splitter, additional flics in the front apron, and rear aerofoil.[16] The vehicle was unveiled at the 2014 North American International Auto Show with sales from the summer of 2014.

Technical detail[edit]

The GLA-Class shares its platform with the A-Class and B-Class, with a similar range of petrol and diesel engines.[1] Availability of engines varies between markets.

Engines[edit]

Model Years Configuration Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top Speed Fuel Consumption/Efficiency
(EU-Norm combined)
Petrol Engines
GLA 180 02/2015– Inline-4 turbo (M 270 DE 16 AL red.) 1.6 L (1,595 cc) 90 kW (122 PS; 121 bhp) at 5,000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1,250-4,000 rpm 9.3 seconds (M)
9.2 seconds (A)
200 km/h (124 mph)
(M)(A)
5.7–6.0 L/100 km (41–39 mpg‑US) (M)
5.5–5.7 L/100 km (43–41 mpg‑US) (A)
GLA 200 12/2013– Inline-4 turbo (M 270 DE 16 AL) 115 kW (156 PS; 154 bhp) at 5,300 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1,250-4,000 rpm 8.9 seconds (M)
8.8 seconds (A)
215 km/h (134 mph)
(M)(A)
5.8–5.9 L/100 km (41–40 mpg‑US)
(M)(A)
GLA 220 4MATIC 01/2017– Inline-4 turbo (M 270 DE 20 AL) 2.0 L (1,991 cc) 135 kW (184 PS; 181 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 1,200-4,000 rpm 7.1 seconds 230 km/h (143 mph) 6.5–6.6 L/100 km (36–36 mpg‑US)
GLA 250 12/2013– 155 kW (211 PS; 208 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1,200-4,000 rpm 6.7 seconds (M)(A) 230 km/h (143 mph)
(M)(A)
6.0–6.1 L/100 km (39–39 mpg‑US)
(M)(A)
GLA 250 4MATIC 6.6 seconds 230 km/h (143 mph) 6.5–6.6 L/100 km (36–36 mpg‑US)
GLA 45 4MATIC AMG 07/2014–08/2015 Inline-4 twin-scroll turbo (M 133 DE 20 AL) 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) at 6,000 rpm 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft) at 2,250-5,000 rpm 4.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 7.5 L/100 km (31 mpg‑US)
Mercedes-AMG GLA 45 4MATIC 09/2015–04/2019 280 kW (381 PS; 375 bhp) at 6,000 rpm 475 N⋅m (350 lb⋅ft) at 2,250-5,000 rpm 4.4 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
270 km/h (168 mph) with AMG Driver's Package
7.4 L/100 km (32 mpg‑US)
Diesel Engines (The designation, "d", replaced "CDI" from 01/2017 onward)
GLA 180 d 09/2014–05/2018 Inline-4 turbo (OM 607 DE 15 LA) 1.5 L (1,461 cc) 80 kW (109 PS; 107 bhp) at 5,000 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–2,500 rpm 12.0 seconds (M)
11.9 seconds (A)
190 km/h (118 mph)
(M)(A)
4.0 L/100 km (59 mpg‑US) (M)
3.9 L/100 km (60 mpg‑US) (A)
GLA 200 d 12/2013–04/2019 Inline-4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 2.1 L (2,143 cc) 100 kW (136 PS; 134 bhp) at 3,400–4,400 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 1,400–3,000 rpm 10.0 seconds (M)
9.9 seconds (A)
205 km/h (127 mph)
(M)(A)
4.3–4.5 L/100 km (55–52 mpg‑US) (M)
4.4–4.5 L/100 km (53–52 mpg‑US) (A)
GLA 200 d 4MATIC 9.9 seconds 200 km/h (124 mph) 4.9–5.1 L/100 km (48–46 mpg‑US)
GLA 220 d 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) at 3,400–4,400 rpm 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) at 1,400–3,000 rpm 8.3 seconds 215 km/h (134 mph) 4.4–4.6 L/100 km (53–51 mpg‑US)
GLA 220 d 4MATIC 4.9–5.1 L/100 km (48–46 mpg‑US)

Transmissions[edit]

Model Years Types (Standard) Types (Optional)
Petrol Engines
GLA 180 02/2015–present 6-speed manual 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 200 12/2013–present
GLA 220 4MATIC 01/2017–present 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 250 12/2013–present 6-speed manual 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 250 4MATIC 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 45 4MATIC AMG 07/2014–08/2015 7-speed AMG SPEEDSHIFT DCT dual-clutch automatic
Mercedes-AMG GLA 45 4MATIC 09/2015–04/2019
Diesel Engines
GLA 180 d 09/2014–05/2018 6-speed manual 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 200 d 12/2013–04/2019
GLA 200 d 4MATIC 7-speed 7G-DCT dual-clutch automatic
GLA 220 d
GLA 220 d 4MATIC

Marketing[edit]

As part of a partnership between Mercedes-Benz and Nintendo, the two companies released a television commercial featuring Mario driving a Mercedes-Benz GLA in the Japanese market in May 2014 to coincide with the line's Japanese launch. Additional commercials featuring other Mario characters in the same style were released in November 2014, culminating in the GLA becoming a selectable vehicle in Mario Kart 8 with Mercedes' W 25 Silver Arrow and 300 SL Roadster also being included.[17][18]

Production and sales[edit]

Production of the GLA-Class commenced in December 2013 at the Mercedes-Benz Rastatt plant in Germany.[19]

Production of GLA-Class is set to begin in 2016 at a new assembly plant in Iracemápolis near São Paulo.[20]

Production of the GLA-Class based Infiniti QX30, began in 2016.

Calendar year Production US sales
2014 6,884
2015 25,593
2016 24,545
2017 24,104
2018 24,136

Second generation (H247; 2020–)[edit]

Second generation (H247)
Overview
ProductionDecember 2019–present
Model years2020–present
Assembly
DesignerGorden Wagener
Body and chassis
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 7-speed DCT automatic
  • 8-speed DCT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,729 mm (107.4 in)
Length4,410 mm (173.6 in)
Width1,834 mm (72.2 in)
Height1,611 mm (63.4 in)
Curb weight1,505–1,585 kg (3,318–3,494 lb)

The second generation, introduced on 11 December 2019 at Mercedes me media event,[21] has a major change from the previous generation: the chassis name is now assigned with H-prefix, H247, rather than X-prefix as used in several SUV models from Mercedes-Benz. The chassis number, 247, is shared with W247 B-Class and X247 GLB-Class. The GLA-Class uses the second generation MFA2 platform and complets the eight-model W177 A-Class compact based line-up.[22]

The H247 GLA is 15 mm (0.6 in) shorter in length, 0.1 mm (0.4 in) narrower, 104 mm (4.1 in) higher than the first-generation model, and the wheelbase has been extended by 30mm (1.2 in).[23] Despite its coupe-esque styling, the H247 GLA is roomier with a 116 mm uptake in headroom, 45 mm in elbow room and 43 mm in rear shoulder room.[24] The ground clearance has been raised by 9 mm to 143 mm and the front seats are positioned 140 mm higher than in the W177 A-Class. Despite this, there is an added 22 mm (0.9 in) of front-seat headroom compared to its predecessor.[25]

As with other MFA2-based models, the GLA has suspension with McPherson struts up front and either a torsion beam or multi-link arrangement at the rear. Variable damping control is optional.[25] Inside, the GLA is similar to other MFA2 Mercedes models, featuring a dashboard with a free-standing digital display panel, the MBUX infotainment system, as well as other tech such as a colour Heads-Up Display.[24]

Mercedes EQA, the third full electric SUV from Mercedes-Benz, will be introduced next year.[26]

Technical details[edit]

Engines (2020–present)[edit]

The second generation GLA-Class has four petrol and four diesel models at launch. The plug-in hybrid will be available at later date. The model range for the United States is GLA 250, GLA 4MATIC, and Mercedes-AMG GLA 35 4MATIC.

Model Years Configuration Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top Speed Fuel Consumption/Efficiency
(EU-Norm combined)
Petrol Engines
GLA 220 2020– Inline-4 turbo (M 282 DE 14 AL) 1.3 L (1,332 cc) 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1,620–4,000 rpm 8.7 seconds 207 km/h (129 mph) 5.6–5.9 L/100 km (42–40 mpg‑US)
GLA 250 2020– Inline-4 turbo (M 260 DE 20 AL) 2.0 L (1,991 cc) 165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1,800–4,000 rpm 8.7 seconds 209 km/h (130 mph) 7.2–7.4 L/100 km (33–32 mpg‑US)
GLA 250 4MATIC 2020– Inline-4 turbo (M 260 DE 20 AL) 2.0 L (1,991 cc) 165 kW (224 PS; 221 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1,800–4,000 rpm 8.7 seconds 209 km/h (130 mph) 7.2–7.4 L/100 km (33–32 mpg‑US)
Mercedes-AMG GLA 35 4MATIC 2020– Inline-4 turbo (M 260 DE 20 AL) 2.0 L (1,991 cc) 255 kW (347 PS; 342 bhp) at 5,500 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1,800–4,000 rpm 5.1 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 7.2–7.4 L/100 km (33–32 mpg‑US)
Diesel Engines
GLA 180 d 2020– Inline-4 turbo (OM 654q DE 20 SCR) 2.0 L (1,951 cc) 85 kW (116 PS; 114 bhp) at 3,400–4,400 rpm 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) at 1,200–2,600 rpm
GLA 200 d 2020– Inline 4 turbo (OM 654q DE 20) 2.0 L (1,951 cc) 110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp) at 3,400 – 4,440 rpm 320 N⋅m (236 lbf⋅ft) at 1,400 - 2,600 rpm 9.0 seconds 204 km/h (127 mph) 4.9–5.0 L/100 km (48–47 mpg‑US)
GLA 200 d 4MATIC 2020– Inline 4 turbo (OM 654q DE 20) 2.0 L (1,951 cc) 110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp) at 3,400 – 4,440 rpm 320 N⋅m (236 lbf⋅ft) at 1,400 - 2,600 rpm 9.3 seconds 201 km/h (125 mph) 5.2–5.5 L/100 km (45–43 mpg‑US)
GLA 220 d 4MATIC 2020– Inline 4 turbo (OM 654q DE 20) 2.0 L (1,951 cc) 140 kW (190 PS; 188 bhp) at 3,800 rpm 400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft) at 1,600 - 2,400 rpm 7.6 seconds 217 km/h (135 mph) 5.2–5.5 L/100 km (45–43 mpg‑US)

Transmissions[edit]

Only GLA 220 uses 7-speed 7G-DCT automatic transmission while the rest of engine range uses 8-speed 8G-DCT automatic transmission. The GLA 35 4MATIC AMG uses 8-speed AMG Speedshift automatic transmission. No manual transmission option is available anymore.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mercedes GLA specs and release At slow speeds when the steering wheel is fully turned...this model shudders severely date". Evo. 18 September 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  2. ^ Ewing, Steven (11 November 2014). "Mercedes renames utility vehicles, repositions Maybach as sub-brand". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Mercedes-Benz expands brand world and introduces new nomenclature: Mercedes-Maybach for the ultimate in exclusivity and individuality". Daimler AG. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Spied! Upcoming Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class Front-Drive Compact Crossover". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
  5. ^ Derek, James. "Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class vs. Infiniti QX30: Buy This, Not That". Motor Biscuit. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Mercedes GLA review". Auto Express. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  7. ^ Bond, Paul (18 April 2013). "Mercedes Concept GLA". Auto Express. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  8. ^ Mercedes-Benz GLA Concept gets mobbed in China
  9. ^ Mercedes-Benz Concept GLA45 AMG tip-toes around production status
  10. ^ http://timesofindia.com/business/india-business/Mercedes-rolls-out-locally-made-GLA-commissions-third-assembly-line/articleshow/47630016.cms
  11. ^ "Second model for passenger-car plant in Brazil: Mercedes-Benz starts production of the GLA in Iracemápolis | marsMediaSite". marsMediaSite. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  12. ^ Five Mercedes-Benz world premieres at the 2013 IAA: Benchmark for automotive passion
  13. ^ 2015 Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class hits the matte
  14. ^ 2015 Mercedes GLA-Class officially bound for Frankfurt
  15. ^ "Mercedes-Benz GLA price, specs, features, colours, images, safety". Autosite India. 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  16. ^ Design and equipment: Sensual purity plus elements exclusive to AMG
  17. ^ Mario Bros. enlisted to sell Mercedes GLA in Japan with bizarre results
  18. ^ http://www.polygon.com/2014/11/12/7204107/mercedes-bizarre-mario-kart-ads-roll-on-with-luigi-and-peach
  19. ^ "Product offensive continues: Mercedes-Benz GLA: Start of Production at the Mercedes-Benz Rastatt Plant". Mercedes-Benz. 4 December 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Second model for passenger-car plant in Brazil: Mercedes-Benz starts production of the GLA in Iracemápolis | marsMediaSite". marsMediaSite. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  21. ^ "Der neue Mercedes-Benz GLA feiert seine digitale Weltpremiere auf Mercedes me media". Daimler AG (in German). 11 December 2019.
  22. ^ Lee, Kristen (11 December 2019). "The 2021 Mercedes-Benz GLA 250 Is Bigger And Has 221 HP". Jalopnik.
  23. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Reveals New GLA Crossover". WardsAuto. 2019-12-10. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
  24. ^ a b "New Mercedes-Benz GLA revealed along with hot AMG GLA 35". citizen.co.za. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
  25. ^ a b "New Mercedes GLA receives more tech, space and comfort | Autocar". www.autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
  26. ^ Wittich, Horst (12 December 2019). "Mercedes EQA 2020". auto motor und sport (in German).

External links[edit]