Mercedes-Benz OM352 engine

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Mercedes-Benz OM 352
OM 352.jpg
OM 352 cutaway model on static display at the Unimog Museum Gaggenau.
Overview
ManufacturerDaimler-Benz
Production1963-199x
Layout
ConfigurationInline-6
Displacement5.675 l (346 cu in)
Cylinder bore97 mm (3.82 in)
Piston stroke128 mm (5.04 in)
Block materialCast iron
Head materialCast aluminum alloy
RPM range
Idle700
Combustion
TurbochargerOM 352: none
OM 352 A: Turbocharger
OM 352 LA: Turbocharger and intercooler
Fuel systemHelix-controlled mechanical injection pump, direct injection
Fuel typeDiesel fuel (DIN 51601)
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output48–127 kW (65–173 PS; 64–170 hp)

The Mercedes-Benz OM 352 is a 5.7 litre inline-6 cylinder 4-stroke Diesel engine, made by Daimler-Benz.

Development[edit]

It is one of many motors in the 300 series of engines, which were developed during and after World War II, while specifically the OM 352 was revealed in 1964. The OM 352's lineage can be traced back to the OM312[1], itself an 80 PS (59 kW) inline-six engine.[2] The OM 352 has many applications, including marine, military, municipal, and agricultural vehicles, as well as stationary settings. The engine has differing trim and power levels, affording designations such as OM 352A a variant fitted with a turbocharger, or the OM 352LA, which is fitted with an intercooler and a turbocharger. (List of Mercedes-Benz engines.)

The engine is water-cooled, and is produced using cast-iron cylinder block, with cast-in cylinders. The engine utilizes diesel fuel delivered in a direct injection method from a Bosch PES style inline injection pump. The cylinder head is a single unit for all cylinders, and the cylinder head cover and air intake are shared by a single cast aluminum alloy. Exhaust ports 2&3 and 4&5 are siamesed together, presenting an exhaust manifold with only four outlets.

The crankshaft is a precision forged unit running in seven three-layer bearings, with counterweights bolted onto the crank webs, much like any other diesel motor of its vintage. The middle bearing is also the thrust bearing. The connecting rods are of a split design, with bronze bushings for the piston pin.

Licensed production[edit]

The OM 352 was also one of many Mercedes engines licensed in 1979 for manufacture by Atlantis Diesel Engines (ADE) in South Africa. These were known as ADE 352 and are virtually identical to the Mercedes engines. Recently the OM 352 was licensed by TATA for use in their 713S Trucks. These are manufactured by TATA but however have slight differences like the weights no longer being bolted to but rather part of the crank and no holes for oil sprayers in the block. These modifications are likely to reduce complexity and cost of engine production.

Common output power can vary from 92 to 141 kW (125 to 192 PS; 123 to 189 hp) depending on the fuel delivery and air charge options. Higher output can be achieved through special modifications, however engine longevity may be affected with such non-factory modifications.

Improved engines developed after the OM 352 include the OM 366, which looks extremely similar in appearance. Due to emissions requirements, the 300 series engines were eventually retired. Mercedes Benz 900 series engines are the successors of motors such as the OM 352.[3]

OM 352 variants for the German market[edit]

Variants for the German market
Rated power (DIN 70020) 48 kW 50 kW 59 kW 62 kW 66 kW 74 kW 81 kW 92 kW 93 kW 96 kW 110 kW 115 kW 124 kW 127 kW
Type designation OM 352.919 OM 352.902 OM 353.902 OM 353.902 OM 352.xxx OM 352.xxx OM 353.901 OM 352.xxx OM 352.xxx OM 353.961 OM 352.xxx OM 352.xxx OM 352.xxx OM 352.xxx
Turbocharger no yes
Year 1964 1966 1969 1971 1965 1969 1969 1970 1963 19xx 196x 1966 1979 19xx
Source [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [8] [11] [11][12] [11] [13] [14] [11]

Technical specifications[edit]

Injection side of engine
Exhaust side of engine
Model OM 352 OM 352 OM 352 A OM 353 OM 352 LA
Year 1964 1966 1975 1975 1979
Vehicle Unimog 406 (U 65) Mercedes-Benz L 322 (L 1113) Unimog 425 (U 1500) Unimog 435 (U 1300 L) Mercedes-Benz L 322 (LAF 1113)
Type designation 352.919 353.961
Configuration Water-cooled Straight-six
Operating principle Diesel
Valve system OHV, two valves per cylinder
Aspiration Natural Turbocharged Natural Turbocharged and intercooled
Oil system Wet sump
Fuel system Direct injection
Bore × Stroke 97 mm × 128 mm
Displacement 5.675 l
Rated power (DIN 70020) 48 kW at 2550 93 kW at 2800 110 kW at 2550 96 kW at 2800 124 kW at 2800
Max. torque (DIN 70020) 353 N·m at 1600 461 N·m at 1600 363 N·m at 1700
Mean effective pressure 784.5 kPa 955 kPa
Mean piston speed 11.95 m/s
Injection pressure 19.6 MPa 19.6 MPa
Compression ratio 17 : 1 16 : 1 17 : 1
Mass 410 kg 460 kg 460 kg
Firing order 1–5–3–6–2–4
Sump capacity 7–9 l
Cooling system capacity 24 l
Alternator 12 V, 0.24 kW
Source [4] [15] [16] [12][17] [18][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The birth of a legend: the 300 engine series, first unveiled in 1949, is a major advancement". marsMediaSite. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  2. ^ http://www.omnibusarchiv.de/include.php?path=article&contentid=493&page=7%29
  3. ^ http://www.omnibusarchiv.de/include.php?path=article&contentid=493&page=9
  4. ^ a b Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 61.
  5. ^ Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 71.
  6. ^ Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 76.
  7. ^ Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 80.
  8. ^ a b Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 104.
  9. ^ Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 102.
  10. ^ Carl-Heinz Vogler: Unimog 406 – Typengeschichte und Technik. Geramond, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86245-576-8. p. 106.
  11. ^ a b c d Daimler AG (Hrsg.): Geburt einer Legende: Die 1949 vorgestellte Motorenbaureihe 300 ist ein großer Wurf. 22. April 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  12. ^ a b A. G. Daimler-Benz (Hrsg.): Unimog 435 Workshop manual, Book 1 Section 1.2/1.
  13. ^ Daimler AG (Hrsg.): Dieselmotoren in Mercedes-Benz-Nutzfahrzeugen. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  14. ^ a b Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe: Schlauchwagen SW 2000-Tr, LAF 1113 B/36
  15. ^ Verband der Automobilindustrie: Daimler-Benz AG. Typ L 1113 LK 1113 Gruppe 14, Dezember 1966. DK 629.113.5
  16. ^ Oldtimer-Traktor. Volume 11–12/2012.
  17. ^ Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe: Typenblatt Rüstwagen RW1, Unimog U 1300 L
  18. ^ Harald Maass: Gestaltung und Hauptabmessungen der Verbrennungskraftmaschine. In: Hans List (ed.): Die Verbrennungskraftmaschine – Neue Folge. Vol. 1, Springer, Wien/New York, 1979, ISBN 3-211-81562-7, urn:nbn:de:1111-201201265484:{{{2}}}, p. 250.