Mercedes-Benz OM642 engine
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2009)
|Mercedes-Benz OM642 engine|
|Displacement||3.0 L; 182.3 cu in (2,987 cc)|
|Cylinder bore||83 mm (3.27 in)|
|Piston stroke||92 mm (3.62 in)|
|Valvetrain||DOHC 4 valves x cyl.|
|Turbocharger||Variable nozzle Garrett GT2056VK|
|Fuel system||Common rail direct injection|
|Cooling system||Water cooled|
|Power output||european models: 195 kW (265 PS; 261 hp). US vehicles: 157 kW (213 PS; 211 hp). Mercedes/Dodge Sprinter: 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp).|
|Torque output||european models: 620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft). US vehicles: 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft). Mercedes/Dodge Sprinter: 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft).|
|Dry weight||208 kg (459 lb)|
|Successor||Mercedes-Benz OM656 engine|
The Mercedes-Benz OM642 engine is a 3.0 litres (2,987 cc), 24-valve, aluminium/aluminium block and heads diesel 72° V6 engine manufactured by the Mercedes-Benz division of Daimler AG as a replacement for the Mercedes straight-5 and straight-6 cylinder engines.
The engine features common rail Direct injection and a variable nozzle turbocharger. The injection system operates at 1,600 bar (23,000 psi), while the compression ratio is 18.0:1. The engine features a counter-rotating balance shaft mounted between the cylinder banks to cancel the vibrations inherent to the 72 degree V6 design, and the crankpins are offset by 48 degrees to achieve even 120 degree firing intervals. In some heavy vehicle applications, Mercedes' BlueTec AdBlue urea injection is utilised for NOx reduction. In lighter vehicle applications, a NOx storage catalyst captures nitrous oxides, which are periodically purged (decomposed) by running the engine slightly rich. A particulate filter lowers soot, making this engine ULEV certified. Engine mass is 208 kg (459 lb). Power output is 165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) and 510 N⋅m (376 lb⋅ft) of torque. For the 2007 model year, torque is raised to 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft).
Beginning of summer 2017 the engine, together with Mercedes-Benz OM651 is in discussion that depending if the engine is operated in laboratory emissions testing a different amount of diesel exhaust fluid is used than in real world operating scenarios.
Vehicles using this engine include:
- Dodge / Freightliner Trucks / Mercedes-Benz Sprinter (2006–Present)
- Jeep Grand Cherokee WK/WH (2005-2010 (Europe)1, 2007-2008 (North America)2)
- Jeep Commander XK/XH (2006-2010 (Europe))
- Mercedes-Benz C320 CDI (2005–2009)
- Mercedes-Benz E280 & E320 CDI/Bluetec (2007-2009) models 211.02 & 022
- Mercedes-Benz C350 CDI (2009–2014)
- Mercedes-Benz CLK320 CDI (2005-2010)
- Mercedes-Benz E350 CDI/Bluetec (2010–Present) Models 212.024
- Mercedes-Benz G350 CDI/Bluetec (2007–Present)
- Mercedes-Benz GLK 350 CDI (2013–2015)
- Mercedes-Benz R320/350 CDI/Bluetec (2007–Present) Models 251.122 & 125
- Mercedes-Benz ML320/350 CDI/Bluetec (2007–Present) Models 164.122, 125 & 024
- Mercedes-Benz GL320/350 CDI/Bluetec (2006–2012) Models 164.822, 825, & 824
- Mercedes-Benz GLC 350 d (2016-present)
- Mercedes-Benz S320/350 CDI/Bluetec (2005–Present) Models 221.183
- Mercedes-Benz CLS320/350 CDI/Bluetec (2005–2018) Models 219.322; 218.326, 926, 394, 994, 323, 923, 393, 993
- Chrysler 300C (2006-2011) (Europe and Australia only)
- Mercedes-Benz Vito Van 120 cdi and Vito 204 Sports (2006–Present UK)
- Mercedes-Benz GLC 350 D (2017–Present EU)
Due to the inordinate number of pre-2010 OM642 engines needing repair due to heat-related seal degradation causing oil cooler leaks, Mercedes reformulated the seals from an orange color rubber to a purple color Viton seal now used in all 2010 and later engines. There is a Mercedes Technical Service Bulletin that states that the leak can be attributed to an improperly installed seal. This engine also has an inherent design flaw with the TWC temperature sensor (part no. A005 153 40 28) and the part in the electronic parts catalog is now specifying part no. A007 153 74 28; there is no recall on this service item yet. A check engine light may present with the OBD-2 diagnostic code P2031 upon failure of this sensor.
In addition to the oil cooler seals; this engine can also have an issue with the design of the positive crankcase ventilation system. The crankcase ventilation system vents to the inlet of the turbo. The issue is that the air vented from the crankcase contains too much oil to easily pass through the swirl motor valves downstream of the turbo. Once this oil and sludge begin to accumulate, the valve becomes inoperative and blows a fuse that controls many other sensors required to properly operate the engine and emission system. This will immediately place the vehicle into limp home mode and limit the rpm to 3000. It also causes a check engine light and numerous OBDII Codes. Mercedes Benz has previously recognized this feature of the vehicle and has stated that this engine feature, the accumulation of oil at the turbo inlet, is "normal". In a Technical Service Bulletin they issued in 2008 they state: "Engine oil venting occurs on the right hand side of the engine air intake duct. For this reason there is always some oil in the engine air intake duct, see (Figure 3). This is no justification for replacing the turbocharger. Turbochargers replaced for this reason will not be covered by warranty." While a slight amount of oil may be normal and acceptable, sufficient quantities and accumulation will indeed lead to other failures as identified above.
The glow plug controller is known to malfunction on these engines. There are several vehicle applications that use either 4-volt or 7-volt glow plugs. It is at present difficult to ascertain the output voltage of various suppliers' replacement modules. The Dorman 904-310 seems to output 7 volts. There are some year models of Jeep that require a module output for the 4-volt glow plugs installed on those models. The 2008 Mercedes E320 Bluetec has the NGK CZ 302 glow plug (replaced by NGK CZ 303) that require 7 volts.
Injector seats are known to fail, causing combustion chamber leakage and "black death" (a buildup of heavy carbon deposits around the injector). A Honda seal is softer and can seal better on refaced injector seats than the specified MB part.
Air is drawn into the engine through two air filters located above each cylinder head. The amount of the air is metered by two hot film mass air flow sensors B2/6&7. On Sprinter models, a single air filter housing is mounted upon brackets on top of the engine.
The variable geometry Turbine is actuated via a linkage connecting the controller to vanes inside the Turbine housing. In the full-boost position, air is allowed to pass over the Turbine impeller. In the no boost position the vanes block exhaust gasses from acting on the impeller and route them down the exhaust pipe.
- "05_kompact_en.doc" (PDF). ourexcellentadventures.com. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
- Consumer Reports: What is BlueTec? Archived 2009-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Motive Magazine ULEV certification, Diesel Car Bomb BlueTec
- Abgas-Skandal: KBA findet angeblich deutliche Hinweise auf illegale Abschalteinrichtungen in Mercedes-Dieselautos, heise, 2017-07-14
- "Mercedes-Benz C 320 CDI". auto-innovations.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
- Mercedes Benz (January 2013). "Traces of oil in area of oil cooler (inner V) on engine 642". Technical Service Bulletin (LI18.30-P-055434).
- "B19 Temperature Sensor". Mercedes-Benz Forum. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
- "Mercedes-Benz Approved Oil Specifications". startekinfo.com. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
- Mercedes Benz (June 2008). "Diesel Engine - Oil Leak at Engine Air Intake Duct". Technical Service Bulletin. Order No.: S-B-09.20/29.
- Honeywell Turbo Innovations Launched on High Performing Mercedes, Range Rover Engines
- "Mercedes CDI Injector leak – Honda washer/seal alternative". Mercedes Gen-In. 2015-03-21. Retrieved 2017-07-07.