Mercedes-Benz OM651 engine

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Mercedes-Benz OM651
Mercedes - Moteur OM651 MFA - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2014 - 001.jpg
ConfigurationInline 4[1]
Displacement1.8 L (1,796 cc)
2.1 L (2,143 cc)
Cylinder bore83 mm (3.27 in)
Piston stroke83 mm (3.27 in)
99 mm (3.9 in)
Block materialCast iron [2]
Head materialAluminium alloy
Compression ratio16.2:1
TurbochargerSingle turbo / twin-turbo
Fuel systemCommon rail
Fuel typeDiesel
Cooling systemWater cooled
Power output100–150 kW (134–201 hp)
PredecessorMercedes-Benz OM646 engine
SuccessorMercedes-Benz OM654 engine

The OM651 is a family of inline-four cylinder automobile diesel engines introduced by Mercedes-Benz in 2008.


The chief goal was to create a common engine design that maximized the parts commonality between the engines manufactured by parent company, Daimler.

One requirement of the design was the ability of the engine to be mounted both longitudinally and transversely. Improved fuel efficiency and compliance with Euro 5 emission standards were also design objectives, by 2010 being updated to the Euro 6 standard; four piezo-electric injectors fed with very high pressure fuel from a common rail inject fuel directly into the combustion chambers to improve combustion compared to previous Mercedes Diesel engines and recirculated exhaust gas reduces the oxygen in the cylinders to "starve" any reactions that would produce NO(x).

Although all engines have the same 2.1 L (2,143 cc) swept volume, engines with various power outputs are produced ranging from 109 PS (80 kW) (badged x180) 136 PS (100 kW) (badged x200) 170 PS (125 kW) (badged x220) to 204 PS (150 kW) (badged x250). The 170 PS (125 kW) and 204 PS (150 kW) versions employ a bi-turbo charging setup with a small, high pressure turbo providing quick boost at low RPM and a large, lower pressure turbo providing increased performance at higher RPM. The 100 kW (134 hp) lower output version has only a single turbocharger. The x180 is a 1.5 DCI made by Mercedes partner Renault.

Beginning of summer 2017 the engine, together with OM642 is in discussion that depending if the engine is operated in laboratory emissions testing a different amount of diesel exhaust fluid is used than in real world operating scenarios.[3]

See also[edit]