Mercedes-Benz R107 and C107

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Mercedes-Benz SL (R107) and SLC (C107)
20181208 Retro Classic Bavaria Mercedes Benz 300SL R107 850 3316.jpg
Mercedes 300 SL R107
Overview
ProductionSL: 1971–1989
SLC: 1971–1981

300,175 built[1]
SL: 237,287
SLC: 62,888
Model yearsSL: 1971–1989
SLC: 1972–1981
Assembly
DesignerJoseph Gallitzendörfer; Friedrich Geiger (1968)
Body and chassis
ClassSports car/Grand tourer
Body styletwo-door roadster
two-door coupe
LayoutFR layout
RelatedMercedes-Benz W114
Powertrain
EngineI6
2.8L (SL, SLC)
3.0L (SL)
V8
3.5L (SL, SLC)
3.8L (SL, SLC)
4.2L (SL)
4.5L (SL, SLC)
5.0L (SL, SLC)
5.6L (SL)
TransmissionAutomatic
3-speed 722.0 350SL/SLC 450SL/SLC
4-speed 722.1 280SL/SLC
4-speed 722.2 350SL/SLC 450SLC
4 speed 4G-TRONIC
Manual
4 speed (280/350 SL/SLC)
5 speed (280/300 SL/SLC)
Dimensions
Wheelbase1970s SL: 2,460 mm (96.9 in)
1970s SLC: 2,820 mm (111.0 in)
1980s: 2,456 mm (96.7 in)
Length1970s SL: 4,390 mm (172.8 in)
1970s SLC: 4,750 mm (187.0 in)
1980s: 4,580 mm (180.3 in)
Width1970s: 1,790 mm (70.5 in)
1980s: 1,791 mm (70.5 in)
Height1970s SL: 1,300 mm (51.2 in)
1970s SLC: 1,330 mm (52.4 in)
1980s: 1,298 mm (51.1 in)
Curb weight3,494 lb (1,585 kg)
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz W113 (SL)
Mercedes-Benz W111 (coupe)
SuccessorMercedes-Benz R129 (SL)
Mercedes-Benz C126 (coupe)

The Mercedes-Benz R107 and C107 are sports cars which were produced by Mercedes-Benz from 1971 through 1989, being the second longest single series ever produced by the automaker, after the G-Class. They were sold under the SL (R107) and SLC (C107) model names as the 280 SL, 280 SLC, 300 SL, 350SL, 350SLC, 380SL, 380SLC, 420SL, 450SL, 450SLC, 450SLC 5.0, 500SL, 500SLC and 560 SL.

The R107/SL was a two-seat car with a detachable roof. It replaced the W113 SL-Class in 1971 and was replaced by the R129 SL-Class in 1989.

The predecessor W113 was notably successful in North America, with 19,440 units (40%) of 48,912 total units sold in the US.[2] The R107 and C107 were even more focused on the American market, with specialized engines, bumper designs, headlights, and emissions management designs. The R107 and C107 sold 204,373 units in the US (68%) of 300,175 total units sold (excluding grey market sales into the US).[3]

It was the only Mercedes roadster during its entire production.[clarification needed]

The C107/SLC was a four-seat car with a fixed roof and an optional sliding steel sunroof. It replaced the W111 Coupé in 1971 and was replaced by the C126 S-class coupe in 1981. The SLC Coupe models are now considered to become more collectible as they are much rarer due to their low production numbers and are expected by Classic car experts to be worth big money in years to come.

Model history[edit]

early 350SL

The R107 and C107 took the chassis components of the midsize 1968 Mercedes-Benz W114 model and mated them initially to the M116 and M117 V8 engines used in the W108, W109 and W111 series. The body styles for both R107 and C107 did not change materially from introduction in 1971 to their end of production in 1981 (coupé) and 1989 (soft-top) respectively.

The SL (R107) variant was a 2-seat convertible/roadster with standard soft-top, with optional winter hardtop and only rarely ordered bench for the tiny rear cabin.

SLC rear quarter window slats

The SLC (C107) derivative was a 2-door hardtop coupe with normal rear seats. The SLC is commonly referred to as an 'SL coupe',[citation needed] and it was the first and only time Mercedes-Benz based their S-class coupe on a stretched 2-seat SL roadster platform, rather than on a large S-class saloon, replacing the former saloon-based 280/300 SE coupé in Mercedes lineup. The SLC model run ended in 1981, much earlier than the SL, to be replaced with a much larger model, the 380SEC and 500SEC, again based on the new 1980 full-size S-class liner.

Volume production of the first R107 car, the 350 SL, started in April 1971 alongside the last of the W113 cars; the 350 SLC followed in October. The early 1971 350SL are very rare and were available with an optional 4 speed fluid coupling automatic gearbox. The 1971 4sp auto were quick cars for the day with 0-60 mph in 8 seconds. In addition, the rare 1971 cars were fitted with Bosch electronic fuel injection.

European Engines[edit]

The 350SL and 350SLC for the European market used a 3.5 liter V8 engine.

From July 1974 both SL and SLC could also be ordered with a fuel-injected 2.8L straight-6 as 280 SL and SLC.

The C107 SLC has had a successful rally career

In September 1977 the 450 SLC 5.0 joined the line. This was a homologation version of the big coupé, featuring a new all-aluminium five-liter V8, aluminium alloy bonnet and boot-lid, and a black rubber rear spoiler, along with a small front-lip spoiler. The 450SLC 5.0 was produced in order to homologate the SLC for the 1978 World Rally Championship.

Starting in 1980, the 350, 450 and 450 SLC 5.0 models (like the 350 and 450 SL) were discontinued in 1980 with the introduction of the 380 and 500 SLC in March 1980. At the same time, the cars received a very mild makeover; the 3-speed automatic was replaced by a four-speed unit, returning to where the R107 started in 1971 with the optional 4 speed automatic 350SL (3.5lt).

The 280, 380 and 500 SLC were discontinued in 1981 with the introduction of the W126 series 380 and 500 SEC coupes. A total of 62,888 SLCs had been manufactured over a ten-year period of which just 1,636 were the 450 SLC-5.0 and 1,133 were the 500 SLC. Both these models are sought by collectors today. With the exception of the R171 SLK 55 AMG Black Series and the SL65 AMG Black Series, the SLC remains the only fixed roof Mercedes-Benz coupe based on a roadster rather than a saloon.

Following the discontinuation of the SLC in November 1981, the 107 series continued initially as the 280, 380 and 500 SL. At this time, the V8 engines were re-tuned for greater efficiency, lost a few hp and consumed less fuel- this largely due to substantially higher (numerically lower) axle ratios that went from 3.27:1 to 2.47:1 for the 380 SL and from 2.72:1 to 2.27:1 for the 500 SL.

Mercedes 560 SL (Australia)

From September 1985 the 280 SL was replaced by a new 300 SL, and the 380 SL by a 420 SL; the 500 SL continued and a 560 SL was introduced for certain extra-European markets, notably the USA, Australia and Japan.

Also in 1985, the Bosch KE Jetronic was fitted. The KE Jetronic system varied from the earlier, all mechanical system by the introduction of a more modern engine management "computer", which controlled idle speed, fuel rate, and air/fuel mixture. The final car of the 18 years running 107 series was a 500 SL painted Signal red, built on 4 August 1989; it currently resides in the Mercedes-Benz museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

North American models[edit]

1988 Mercedes-Benz 560SL, US-spec with prominent bumpers
1980 Mercedes-Benz 450SLC, US-spec with prominent bumpers

North America was the key market for this Personal luxury car, and two thirds of R107 and C107 production was sold there.[4]

The R107/C107 for the North American market sported four round low-output sealed beam headlights, due to unique U.S. regulations.

Sales in North America began in 1972, and cars wore the badge 350 SL, but actually had a larger 4.5L V8 with 3 speed auto (and were renamed 450 SL for model year 1973); the big V8 became available on other markets with the official introduction of the 450 SL/SLC on non-North American markets in March 1973. US cars sold from 1972 through 1975 used the Bosch D Jetronic fuel injection system, an early electronic engine management system.

From 1974, the front and rear bumpers were dramatically lengthened, by 8 inches (203 mm) on each end, to comply with the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regulations, that mandated no damage at an impact of 5-mile-per-hour (8 km/h).[5]

R107 and C107 cars were exported to the US with low compression 4.5 liter V8 engines to meet stringent US emissions requirements, yet still provide adequate power.

US models sold from 1976 through 1979 used the Bosch K Jetronic system, an entirely mechanical fuel injection system.

The 450 SL was produced until 1980. Starting in 1980, US cars were equipped with lambda control, which varied the air/fuel mixture based on feedback from an oxygen sensor. The smaller engined 380 SL replaced the 450SL from 1981 to 1985. The Malaise era 380 SL was the least powerful of the US market R107 roadsters.

North American market SL and SLC models retained the "protruding"[6] 5 mph bumpers, even after the wisdom of the law was reconsidered in 1981.[7][8]

US Grey Market sales[edit]

Mercedes-Benz 450SLC 5.0 (U.S.)

The more powerful 500 SL with 5.0 liter engine, produced from 1980–1989, was not available in the US. This drove many customers to obtain the European specification car in the "gray market." Finally, a more powerful version was available from the factory, from 1986 to 1989, the 560 SL. It was exclusive to the USA, European, Japanese and Australian markets.

Despite the larger 5.6 liter engine of the U.S. 560 SL, the forbidden Euro-spec 500 SL was the fastest production 107 produced (mostly because of the lack of emission restraints). The 500 SL was published by Mercedes-Benz as having 0-60 mph times of 7.4 seconds for a top speed of 225 km/h (140 mph). Torque for the 500 SL is 296 lb⋅ft (401 N⋅m) at 3200 rpm and for the 560 SL 287 lb⋅ft (389 N⋅m) at 3500 rpm.

Mechanical troubles[edit]

Model years 1975 and 1976 450 SLs suffered from vapor lock and hard restart because of the under-bonnet position of the catalytic converter. Starting in MY 1977, the catalytic converter was moved to replace the resonator, located just behind the transmission in the exhaust system.

The 380SL/C engine came with a single row timing chain from 1981 through 1983. These early 380 models were plagued with chain failure problems and the problem was corrected by Mercedes-Benz, free of charge. Some models, however, escaped retrofit and may at some point fail as a result.

MYs 1984 and 1985 came with a double row timing chain from the factory to address this issue.

Another problem area for late 450 SLs was the automatic climate control system. Based on a "servo," which controlled coolant flow to the heater core, as well as vacuum to actuate the vents in the interior of the car, the system proved unreliable. It was installed on 450 SLs through end of production in 1980. Models produced prior to 1978 had a manual climate control system, 380SL models produced from 1981 received a more reliable automatic climate control system.

South African assembly[edit]

Both the SL and SLC models were also assembled in South Africa by UCDD (United Car and Diesel Distributors) for the captive domestic market from early 1977 (on a contractor basis before Daimler-Benz A.G. acquired a majority stake of UCDD in 1984).[9][10] Only about 40 units per month were built.[9]

Technical data[edit]

Europe[edit]

Technical data Mercedes-Benz R107/C107 (standard version - non USA, S, J, AUS)[11] (Manufacturer's figures except where stated)
Mercedes-Benz 280 SL / 280 SLC* 300 SL 350 SL / 350 SLC** 380 SL / 380 SLC† 420 SL 450 SL / 450 SLC*** 500 SL / 500 SLC****‡
Produced:  MY 1974–1985 (SL)
MY 1974–1981 (SLC)
MY 1985–1989 MY 1971–1980 MY 1980–1985 (SL)
MY 1980–1981 (SLC)
MY 1985–1989 MY 1973–1980 MY 1980–1989 (SL)
MY 1980–1981 (SLC)
Engine:  6-cylinder-inline engine (four-stroke), front-mounted 90° 8-cylinder-V engine (four-stroke), front-mounted
Bore x Stroke:  86 mm x 78.8 mm 88.5 mm x 80.25 mm 92 mm x 65.8 mm 92 mm x 71.8 mm 92 mm x 78.9 mm 92 mm x 85 mm 96.5 mm x 85 mm
Displacement:  2746 cc 2962 cc 3499 cc 3818 cc 4196 cc 4520 cc 4973 cc
Max. Power @ rpm:  185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) @ 6000 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) @ 5700 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) @ 5800 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) @ 5500 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) @ 5200 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) @ 5000 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) @ 5000
Max. Torque @ rpm:  238 N⋅m (176 lb⋅ft) @ 4500 255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft) @ 4400 286 N⋅m (211 lb⋅ft) @ 4000 299 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) @ 4000 324 N⋅m (239 lb⋅ft) @ 3750 377 N⋅m (278 lb⋅ft) @ 3000 402 N⋅m (296 lb⋅ft) @ 3200
Compression Ratio:  9.0: 1 9.2: 1 9.5: 1 9.0: 1 9.0: 1 8.8: 1 9.0: 1
Fuel feed:  Fuel injection, Bosch D-Jetronic (-1976), K-Jetronic (-1980), K-Jetronic with Lambda (-1985) and from 1985 KE-Jetronic
Fuel tank capacity:  90 L (23.8 US gal; 19.8 imp gal), from 1985: 85 L (22.5 US gal; 18.7 imp gal)
Valvetrain:  DOHC, duplex chain SOHC, simplex chain SOHC, duplex chain
Cooling:  Water
Gearbox:  4- or 5-speed manual
standard on 380/420/450/500: 3-speed automatic, from 1980: 4-speed automatic
rear wheel drive
Electrical system:  12 volt
Front suspension:  Double wishbones, coil springs, additional rubber springs, stabilising bar
Rear suspension::  Diagonal swing axle, coil springs, stabilising bar
Brakes:  Disc brakes (Ø 278 mm front, 279 mm rear; from 1985: 284/279 mm), power assisted
ABS from 1980 on request or standard
Steering:  Recirculating ball steering
Body structure:  Sheet steel, unibody construction
Dry weight:  SL: 1,560 kg (3,439 lb)
SLC: 1,610 kg (3,549 lb)
1,530 kg (3,373 lb) SL: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
SLC: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
SL: 1,640 kg (3,616 lb)
SLC: 1,690 kg (3,726 lb)
1,600 kg (3,527 lb) SL: 1,640 kg (3,616 lb)
SLC: 1,690 kg (3,726 lb)
SL: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
SLC: 1,570 kg (3,461 lb)
Loaded weight:  SL: 1,920 kg (4,233 lb)
SLC: 2,040 kg (4,497 lb)
1,930 kg (4,255 lb) SL: 1,960 kg (4,321 lb)
SLC: 2,050 kg (4,519 lb)
SL: 1,960 kg (4,321 lb)
SLC: 2,050 kg (4,519 lb)
2,020 kg (4,453 lb) SL: 2,015 kg (4,442 lb)
SLC: 2,095 kg (4,619 lb)
SL: 1,960 kg (4,321 lb)
SLC: 2,005 kg (4,420 lb)
Track front/
rear: 
1,452 mm (57.2 in) 1,440 mm (57 in)
from 1985: 1,461 mm (57.5 in) 1,465 mm (57.7 in)
Wheelbase:  SL: 2,460 mm (97 in)
SLC: 2,820 mm (111 in)
Length:  SL: 4,390 mm (173 in)
SLC: 4,750 mm (187 in)
Width:  1,790 mm (70 in)
Height:  SL: 1,300 mm (51 in)
SLC: 1,330 mm (52 in)
Tire sizes:  185HR14 205/65VR15 205/70VR14 205/70VR14 205/65VR15 205/70VR14 205/70VR14
Top speed:  207 km/h (129 mph) 210 km/h (130 mph) 212 km/h (132 mph) 215 km/h (134 mph) 210 km/h (130 mph) 218 km/h (135 mph) 225 km/h (140 mph)
Fuel Consumption (estimates):  15.5 litres per 100 kilometres (18.2 mpg‑imp; 15.2 mpg‑US) 14.5 litres per 100 kilometres (19.5 mpg‑imp; 16.2 mpg‑US) 18.5 litres per 100 kilometres (15.3 mpg‑imp; 12.7 mpg‑US) 18.5 litres per 100 kilometres (15.3 mpg‑imp; 12.7 mpg‑US) 15.5 litres per 100 kilometres (18.2 mpg‑imp; 15.2 mpg‑US) 18.5 litres per 100 kilometres (15.3 mpg‑imp; 12.7 mpg‑US) 18.5 litres per 100 kilometres (15.3 mpg‑imp; 12.7 mpg‑US)
Notes:  * in 1976/77 rated at 177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp) @ 6000
** in 1976/77 rated at 195 PS (143 kW; 192 hp) @ 5500, from 1978 at 205 PS (151 kW; 202 hp) @ 5750
*** from November 1975 (change from D-Jetronic to K-Jetronic) rated at 217 PS (160 kW; 214 hp) @ 5000, from 1978 again at 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) @ 5000
**** from November 1981 rated at 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) @ 4750, from 1985 at 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp) @ 4750, catalyst version at 223 PS (164 kW; 220 hp) @ 4700
† from autumn 1981 a different 3.8L engine was used (bore/stroke 88 x 78.9 mm, 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) @ 5250); this engine already was in use for North American versions
‡ early versions (1978) of the 450 SLC 5.0 used a slightly larger version of this engine (Type M117): bore/stroke 97 x 85 mm, 5025 cc, 240 PS (180 kW; 240 hp) @ 5000

North America[edit]

Technical data Mercedes-Benz R107/C107 (North American models)[12] (Manufacturer's figures except where stated)
Mercedes-Benz 350 SL / 350 SLC / 450 SL / 450 SLC 380 SL / 380 SLC 560 SL
Produced:  MY 1972–1980 MY 1981–1985 (SL)
MY 1981 (SLC)
MY 1986–1989
Engine:  90° 8-cylinder-V engine (four-stroke), front-mounted
Bore x Stroke:  92 mm (3.6 in) x 85 mm (3.3 in) 88 mm (3.5 in) x 79 mm (3.1 in) 96.5 mm (3.8 in) x 94.7 mm (3.7 in)
Displacement:  4520 cc 3839 cc 5549 cc
Max. Power @ rpm:  190 hp (142 kW) @ 4750
later 180 hp (134 kW) @ 4750
155 hp (116 kW) @ 4750 227 hp (169 kW) @ 5200
Max. Torque @ rpm:  240 lb⋅ft (325 N⋅m) @ 3000
later 220 lb⋅ft (298 N⋅m) @ 3000
196 lb⋅ft (266 N⋅m) @ 2750 287 lb⋅ft (389 N⋅m) @ 3500
Compression Ratio:  8.0: 1 8.3: 1 9.0: 1
Fuel feed:  Bosch fuel injection
Fuel tank capacity:  90 L (23.8 US gal; 19.8 imp gal), from 1985: 85 L (22.5 US gal; 18.7 imp gal)
Valvetrain:  SOHC, 1981-1983: single chain, all others: duplex chain
Cooling:  Water
Gearbox:  3-speed automatic, from 1981: 4-speed automatic
rear wheel drive
Electrical system:  12 volt
Front suspension:  Double wishbones, coil springs, additional rubber springs, stabilising bar
Rear suspension::  Diagonal swing axle, coil springs, stabilising bar
Brakes:  Disc brakes (Ø 278 mm (10.9 in) front, 279 mm (11.0 in) rear; from 1985: 284/279 mm), power assisted
Steering:  Recirculating ball steering
Body structure:  Sheet steel, unibody construction
Dry weight:  SL: 3,597 lb (1,632 kg)
SLC: 3,625 lb (1,644 kg)
SL: 3,460 lb (1,570 kg)
SLC: 3,440 lb (1,560 kg)
3,650 lb (1,660 kg)
Track front/
rear: 
57.2 in (1,453 mm) 56.7 in (1,440 mm) 57.6 in (1,463 mm) 57.7 in (1,466 mm)
Wheelbase:  SL: 96.9 in (2,461 mm)
SLC: 111.0 in (2,819 mm)
Length:  SL: 172.5 in (4,382 mm)
SLC: 186.6 in (4,740 mm)
SL: 182.3 in (4,630 mm)
SLC: 196.4 in (4,989 mm)
180.3 in (4,580 mm)
Width:  70.5 in (1,791 mm)
Height:  SL: 50.8 in (1,290 mm)
SLC: 52.4 in (1,331 mm)
Tire sizes:  N/A
Top speed:  N/A
Fuel consumption (estimates):  N/A

Models timeline[edit]

Appearance in media[edit]

The R107 was seen frequently on American television programs of the 1970's, like Dallas, The Six Million Dollar Man, Hart To Hart, Switch, The Rockford Files, and Wonder Woman.

The R107 plays a key role in Robert Altman's The Long Goodbye (film) (1973), where Philip Marlowe (Elliott Gould) tries to contact the elusive Eileen (Nina van Pallandt) driving away in her open 450SL, but he is hit by another car.

In the 1980 movie American Gigolo, Richard Gere drives a black 1980 Mercedes-Benz 450 SL (R107). In a later disconcerting scene, Gere's character Julian Kaye rips the car apart in his apartment garage looking for a stash of jewels he believes planted in the car to frame him for the Rheiman murder.

A modified Mercedes R107 appeared in Season 1, Episode 9 (Berks to the Future) of the Amazon Prime Video original series The Grand Tour. It was used by Jeremy Clarkson, who was trying to create a new type of sports utility vehicle by combining the chassis and engine of a Land Rover Discovery with the bodies of classic sports cars. Originally he tried it with a 1978 MGB, which failed, so he used the Mercedes R107. The car was named as 'The Excellent' and Clarkson still owns it today.[13]

A Vintage Mercedes Benz R107 was the car that K-Pop singer Youngjae used in his "vibin'" Music Video [14]

A 380SL is featured on the cover of the album titled "Ultraviolence" by Lana Del Rey

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos [German Cars] (in German). Vol. Band [Volume] 4: 1945–1990 Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Porsche und andere [and others]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. p. 52. ISBN 3613021315.
  2. ^ "Motor vehicle with a concave top".
  3. ^ "Production figures for the Mercedes-Benz 107 series".
  4. ^ https://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-657476-1-1279283-1-0-0-0-0-1-0-0-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html Daimler.com Retrieved 11 May 2016
  5. ^ Solomon, Jack (March 1978). "Billion Dollar Bumpers". Reason.
  6. ^ "Mercedes-Benz R107 is First Produced".
  7. ^ Berndt, Frank (2 April 1982). "Interpretation 1982-1.38". United States Department of Transportation NHSTA. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  8. ^ Burgess, John (1 October 1981). "U.S. Agency Seeks Eased Auto Bumper Standards". Washington Post.
  9. ^ a b Wright, Cedric, ed. (August 1978). "20 000 km test: Mercedes-Benz 450 SLC sports coupé". CAR (South Africa). Vol. 22, no. 7. Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. pp. 45, 47–48.
  10. ^ Cauvin, Henri E. (24 November 2001). "A Quest to Promote the Quality Of Cars Made in South Africa". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  11. ^ Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos [German Cars] (in German). Vol. Band [Volume] 4: 1945–1990 Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Porsche und andere [and others]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021315.
  12. ^ Mike Covello, op. cit., pp. 527–545.
  13. ^ "The Clarkson 'Excellent' - in Depth Road Test Report". 28 April 2017.
  14. ^ "영재(Youngjae) - 'Vibin' Official MV". YouTube.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (1980). On Mercedes Sports & GT Cars 1970-1980. Road & Track Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 0907073395.
  • Hofner, Heribert (2011). Mercedes-Benz Typenkunde [Mercedes-Benz Type Study] (in German). Vol. Band 3. Modelle der Oberklasse von 1951 bis 1972, Luxusklasse, S-, SL- und SLC-Klasse [Volume 3. Upper class models from 1951 to 1972, Luxury class, S-, SL- and SLC-Class]. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768832786.
  • Staud, René (photographs); Lewandowski, Jürgen (text) (2016). Mercedes-Benz: The Grand Cabrios & Coupes (in English, German, and Chinese). Kempen, Germany: teNeues. ISBN 9783832732936.

External links[edit]