Mercedes-Benz SL-Class

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Mercedes-Benz SL-Class
Mercedes-Benz SL 350 (R 231) – Frontansicht geöffnet (1), 22. Mai 2013, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer
Production1954–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassSports car
Grand tourer (S)
Body style2-door coupe
2-door roadster
LayoutFR layout
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz SSK
Mercedes-Benz 540K

The SL-Class is a grand tourer sports car manufactured by Mercedes-Benz since 1954. The designation SL derives from the German Sport-Leicht (English: Sport Light).

Initially, the first 300 SL was a Grand Prix racing car built in 1952 with no intention of developing a street version. In 1954, an American importer Max Hoffman suggested the street version of 300 SL for the wealthy performance car enthusiasts in the United States where the market for the personal luxury car was booming after the Second World War.

The diesel engine option was never offered in SL-Class during its eight-generation run.

Abbreviation of SL[edit]

Whether the abbreviation SL was derived from a 1931 Mercedes-Benz SSKL (Super Sport Kurz Leicht—Super Sport Short Light) isn't known. At the public introduction of 300 SL in 1952, Mercedes-Benz did not define the abbreviation SL.

The German magazine, auto motor und sport, declared in its 2012 special edition issue of Mercedes-Benz SL that Rudolf Uhlenhaut—in his notarised letter—indicated the abbreviation meant Super Leicht.[1] This contradicted with the abbreviation proposed by Engelen, Riedner, and Seufert who worked with Rudolf Uhlenhaut: they indicated the abbreviation means Sport Leicht.[2] On 15 March 2021, auto motor und sport published a photocopy of an undated "Informations-Unterlage" (press release) from 1952 in its issue, showing the definition of SL as super-leicht.[3]

Mercedes-Benz used Sport Leicht and Super Leicht interchangeably until 2017 when a chance discovery in its corporate archive clarified the abbreviation stood for "Super Leicht".[4][5]

According to the German definition, Leicht means light (as in weight, amount, and feeling, for instance) or easy (as in little effort). For this abbreviation in English language, the definition light is used.

W198 and W121 (1954—1963)[edit]

First generation
Mercedes (1240346857).jpg
Mercedes-Benz 300 SL (W198)
Overview
Production1954–1963
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz W121 BII (190 SL)
Mercedes-Benz W198 (300 SL)
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 1.9 L I4
  • 3.0 L M198 I6
Transmission4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length4,520 mm (178.0 in)
Width1,790 mm (70.5 in)
Height1,300 mm (51.2 in)

The 300 SL was a road-going version of W198 racing car with extensive modifications to the body. The 300 SL in coupé form was introduced in 1954, featuring its trademark gullwing doors. In 1957, the roadster succeed the coupé and had the larger conventional passenger doors and larger form-fitting headlamps and was in production until 1963.

In 1955, the smaller 190 SL presented an attractive, more affordable alternative to the exclusive Mercedes-Benz 300 SL, sharing its basic styling, engineering, detailing, and fully independent suspension. Both cars had double wishbones in front and swing axles at the rear. Instead of the 300 SL's expensive purpose-built W198 tubular spaceframe, the 190 SL used a shortened unitary floorpan modified from the W121 base saloon. A 1.9-litre four-cylinder inline engine was used instead of 300 SL's engine.

Both 300 SL roadster and 190 SL have soft fabric folding top and optional removable hardtop. The production for 300 SL and 190 SL ended in 1963 with the introduction of W113 SL-Class.

Model Range[edit]

  • 300 SL (Gullwing): 1954–1957, 3.0 L I6
  • 300 SL (Roadster): 1957–1963, 3.0 L I6
  • 190 SL: 1955–1963, 1.9 L I4

W113 (1963—1971)[edit]

Second generation
71-Mercedes-Benz-280SL-1.jpg
Overview
Production1963–1971
DesignerPaul Bracq
Béla Barényi
Friedrich Geiger
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz W113
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 2.3 L I6
  • 2.5 L I6
  • 2.8 L I6
Transmission
  • 4-speed manual
  • 5-speed manual
  • 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Length4,285 mm (168.7 in)
Width1,760 mm (69.3 in)
Height1,305 mm (51.4 in)
1969 Mercedes-Benz 280 SL roadster (Australia)

Replacing both 300 SL and 190 SL, 230 SL was introduced in 1963 with distinctive concave roofline that earned the nickname "pagoda top". The W113 featured a low waistline, large curved greenhouse windows, detachtable hardtop, and a new 2.3-litre six-cylinder inline engine.

For 1967, the engine was enlarged to 2.5 litres, and 230 SL was renamed as 250 SL. The changes were made to the interior with new dashboard padding, switches and knobs, steering wheel, and door pockets (US model only). The wheel covers fitted to 250 SL and 280 SL replaced the smaller hubcaps. A year later in 1968, the engine was enlarged again to 2.8 litres, and the 250 SL was changed to 280 SL.

Model Range[edit]

  • 230 SL: 1963–1967, 2.3 L I6
  • 250 SL: 1966–1968, 2.5 L I6
  • 280 SL: 1967–1971, 2.8 L I6

R107 (1971—1989)[edit]

Third generation
1986 Mercedes-Benz 500 SL Convertible (6874326665).jpg
Overview
Production1971–1989
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz R107 and C107
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed manual
  • 5-speed manual
  • 3-speed automatic
  • 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase96.7 in (2,456 mm)
Length180.3 in (4,580 mm)
Width70.5 in (1,791 mm)
Height51.1 in (1,298 mm)
Mercedes-Benz 560 SL roadster (Japan)

In 1971, R107 was introduced with new design language and safety features that spreaded to the subsequent Mercedes-Benz models. For the first time, the V8 engines were fitted to the SL-Class. With the production from 1971 to 1989, R107 was one of few longest-produced vehicles from Mercedes-Benz. R107 received a very minor update in 1972 with new rubber-edged wing mirrors from W116 and a major update in 1985 for 1986 model year. The engine options were updated in 1980 for the 1981 model year with new aluminium V8 engines from W126 S-Class introduced in 1979 while the 2.8-litre six-cylinder inline engine carried over. It was updated again in 1985 for the 1986 model year with new 3.0-litre six-cylinder inline engine from W124 and enlarged 4.2- and 5.5-litre V8 engines while the 5.0-litre V8 engine carried over.

The R107 received its first update in 1985 with deeper front air dam, revised brake system with larger disc and four-caliber brakes, driver's side airbag (standard for US market and extra-cost option for the European market), and, for the European market, catalysator option. The 5-mph bumpers and four round sealed-beam headlamps fitted to the US models remained unchanged despite the revised US FMVSS regulations that allowed the 2.5-mph bumpers and form-fitting headlamps, starting with 1982 and 1983 model years respectively. The US model received the third brake lamp mounted on the trunk in 1986.

The 560 SL was sold in the United States, Canada, Japan, and Australia only.

Model Range[edit]

  • 280 SL: 1974–1985, 2.8 L I6
  • 300 SL: 1986–1989, 3.0 L I6
  • 350 SL: 1971–1980, 3.5 L V8
  • 350 SL (4.5): 1972, 4.5 L V8 (exclusive for the US market)
  • 380 SL: 1981–1985, 3.8 L V8
  • 420 SL: 1986–1989, 4.2 L V8
  • 450 SL: 1973–1980, 4.5 L V8
  • 500 SL: 1981–1989, 5.0 L V8
  • 560 SL: 1986–1989, 5.5 L V8

R129 (1989–2001)[edit]

Fourth generation
Mercedes-Benz SL 320 (R 129, 1. Facelift) – Frontansicht, 9. November 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Production1989–2001
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz R129
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 2.8 L I6
  • 2.8 L 204 hp (152 kW) V6
  • 3.0 L 190 hp (142 kW) I6
  • 3.0 L 231 hp (172 kW) I6
  • 3.2 L 231 hp (172 kW) I6
  • 3.2 L 224 hp (167 kW) V6
  • 5.0 L 326 hp (243 kW) V8
  • 5.0 L 306 hp (228 kW) V8
  • 5.4 L 354 hp (264 kW) V8
  • 6.0 L 381 hp (284 kW) V8
  • 6.0 L 394 hp (294 kW) V12
  • 7.0 L 496 hp (370 kW) V12
  • 7.3 L 518 hp (386 kW) V12
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase99.0 in (2,515 mm)
Length1997–2002: 177.1 in (4,498 mm)
1989–1996: 176.0 in (4,470 mm)
1992–96 V12: 178.0 in (4,521 mm)
Width71.3 in (1,811 mm)
Height1992–2002: 51.3 in (1,303 mm)
1989–1991: 50.7 in (1,288 mm)
Mercedes-Benz SL 320 (France)

The R129, introduced in 1989, became the exclusive 2-seater SL-Class since 1963. The R129 was the first Mercedes-Benz model to have the hydraulically-operated folding roof at a touch of button, V8 engine with 48 valves (four valves per cylinder), and to have the projector lens HID headlamps (introduced in 1995). The R129 was the first convertible/roaster to be fitted with automatic rollbar deployment in the event of rollover. The driver can raise and lower the rollbar with a touch of button if desired. This facilitates a clean look of the R129 without compromising the safety and security of its occupants. In 1992, R129 was the first SL-Class to have V12 engine option (600 SL/SL 600) and to have the official AMG versions (500 SL 6.0 AMG, SL 60 AMG (V8), SL 70 AMG (V12), SL 73 AMG (V12), and then SL 55 AMG (V8)). R129 was the last SL-Class to be offered with manual gearbox when the automatic gearboxes were exclusive feature in R230, introduced in 2001.

For the US market, R129 was the first SL-Class to be offered with six-cylinder inline engine from 300 SL-24 (named as 300SL) since the 1971. For 1995, a larger 3.2-litre engine was introduced in SL 320 and was later dropped from the US market in 1998. The more powerful V8 and V12 engines were more popular in the US.

In 1994, a minor cosmetic and technical updates and new nomeculate were introduced to the R129 while the engine options were revised. The 3.0-litre six inline engines, initially fitted with 12-valve (300 SL) and 24-valve (300 SL-24) heads, was revised to one engine in two displacements (2.8 and 3.2 litres) and with 24-valve head. The V8 and V12 were carried over with no changes. 300 SL and 300 SL-24 became SL 280 and SL 320 while 500 SL and 600 SL were renamed as SL 500 and SL 600.

In 1998, R129 received the major cosmetic and technical updates with revised engines to include the V6, V8, and V12 engines from the new W220 S-Class. All of those updated engines had three valves and two spark plugs per cylinder.

Model Range[edit]

  • SL 280: (1993–2001), 2.8 L I6
  • SL 280: (1998-2001), 2.8 L V6
  • 300 SL: (1989–1993), 3.0 L I6
  • 300 SL-24: (1989–1993), 3.0 L I6
  • SL 320: (1993–1998), 3.2 L I6
  • SL 320: (1998–2001), 3.2 L V6
  • 500 SL: (1989–1993), 5.0 L V8
  • 500 SL 6.0 AMG: (1991–1992), 6.0 L V8
  • SL 500: (1993–1998), 5.0 L V8
  • SL 55 AMG: (1999–2001), 5.4 L V8
  • 600 SL: (1992–1993), 6.0 L V12
  • SL 600: (1993–2001), 6.0 L V12
  • SL 60 AMG: (1993–1998), 6.0 L V12
  • SL 70 AMG: (1998–2001), 7.0 L V12
  • SL 73 AMG: (1995 and 1998–2001), 7.3 L V12

R230 (2001–2011)[edit]

Fifth generation
2004 Mercedes-Benz SL 350 (R 230) roadster (2010-12-04) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2001–2011
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz R230
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 3.0 L 170 kW (228 hp) V6
  • 3.5 L 200–232 kW (268–311 hp) V6
  • 3.7 L 180 kW (241 hp) V6
  • 5.0 L 225–285 kW (302–382 hp) V8
  • 5.4 L 350–380 kW (469–510 hp) Supercharged V8
  • 5.5 L 285 kW (382 hp) V8
  • 5.5 L 368–380 kW (493–510 hp) BiTurbo V12
  • 6.0 L 368–493 kW (493–661 hp) BiTurbo V12
  • 6.2 L 386 kW (518 hp) V8
Transmission
  • 5-speed automatic
  • 7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase100.8 in (2,560 mm)
Length178.5 in (4,534 mm)
Width2005–07: 71.5 in (1,816 mm)
2002–04: 72.0 in (1,829 mm)
Height51.0 in (1,295 mm)
Mercedes-Benz SL 500 roadster (Europe)

The R230, introduced in 2001, continues the evolution of R129 with smoother body design and new peanut-shaped headlamp design. The fifth-generation SL-Class featured a retractable hardtop (marketed as the Vario Roof) from SLK-Class, Active Body Control (ABC) active suspension system, Keyless Go keyless entry and smart key, and Sensotronic Brake Control (SBC) electro-hydraulic brake system. The troublesome SBC was later disabled by Mercedes-Benz in a large recall campaign due to the difficulties in modulating the brake effort.

In 2006, R230 received a minor cosmetic update and revised engine options. The R230 SL underwent a significant facelift in 2008 featuring new and revised engines and a new front end that evokes the classic 300 SL with a large grille featuring a prominent 3-pointed star and twin "power domes" on the bonnet, the car also features new headlights with an optional "Intelligent Light System" and a new speed sensitive steering system. The SL 63 AMG replaced the SL 55 AMG. A high-performance version of R230, SL 65 AMG Black Series, was offered: this version can be easily prepped for the racing.

Model Range[edit]

  • SL 280: (2008–2009), 3.0 L V6
  • SL 300: (2009–2011), 3.0 L V6
  • SL 350 (3.7): (2003–2006), 3.7 L V6
  • SL 350 (3.5): (2006–2011), 3.5 L V6
  • SL 500 (5.0): (2001–2006), 5.0 L V8
  • SL 500/SL 550 (5.5): (2006–2011), 5.5 L V8 (SL 550 is exclusive to North American market but is the same engine as the SL 500)
  • SL 55 AMG: (2002–2008), 5.4 L V8
  • SL 600: (2002–2011), 6.0 L V12
  • SL 63 AMG: (2008–2011), 6.2 L V8
  • SL 65 AMG: (2004–2011), 6.08 L V12
  • SL 65 AMG Black Series: (2008–2011), 6.0 L V12

R231 (2012–2020)[edit]

Sixth generation
Mercedes-Benz SL 350 (R 231) – Frontansicht geschlossen, 22. Mai 2013, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Production2011–2020
Body and chassis
PlatformMercedes-Benz R231
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 3.0 L 245–270 kW (329–362 hp) V6 Biturbo
  • 3.5 L 225 kW (302 hp) V6
  • 4.7 L 320–335 kW (429–449 hp) V8 Biturbo
  • 5.5 L 395–430 kW (530–577 hp) V8 Biturbo
  • 6.0 L 463 kW (621 hp) V12 Biturbo
Transmission
  • 7-speed automatic
  • 9-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,585 mm (101.8 in)
Length4,612 mm (181.6 in)
Width1,877 mm (73.9 in)
Height1,315 mm (51.8 in)
Mercedes-Benz SL 350 AMG Line (Germany)

In December 2011, Mercedes-Benz announced an updated SL-Class, which was formally launched at the North American International Auto Show in January 2012. The new SL (R231) was produced from aluminium for the first time. The weight advantage is offset by higher safety and convenience equipments.

New features include the so-called 'FrontBass' system, which uses the spaces in the aluminium structures in front of the footwell as resonance spaces for the bass loudspeakers, and an adaptive windscreen wipe/wash system which supplies water from the wiper blade as required and depending on the direction of wipe. The R231 is available with two different suspension systems: semi-active adjustable damping as standard and active suspension system ABC (Active Body Control) as an extra-cost option. Both suspension types are combined with electromechanical speed-sensitive power steering, which allowed the variable steering ratio across the steering wheel angle.

This generation of SL is longer and wider than its predecessor. Shoulder room is increased by 37 mm (1.5 in) and elbow room 28 mm (1.1 in).

Mercedes-Benz SL550 (2016) by Japan specification.jpg
Mercedes-Benz, GIMS 2019, Le Grand-Saconnex (GIMS1258).jpg

A mid-cycle update was introduced in 2016 for the 2017 model year along with revised engine and transmission options. A 9G-TRONIC Plus 9-speed automatic transmission was fitted to the SL-Class for the first time (SL 400/SL 450 and SL 500) while AMG SPEEDSHIFT MCT and AMG SPEEDSHIFT Plus 7G-TRONIC 7-speed automatic transmissions for SL 63 AMG and SL 65 AMG respectively remained unchanged. SL 350 was renamed as SL 400 (SL 450 for the North American market).

R231 had a revised front end, front grille treatment, and larger non-functional side 'vents' behind the front wheels. It also received adaptive LED front headlights with integrated daytime running lights and turn signals, leaving the below-bumper intake area free from lighting. The LED tail lights received single-colour red lenses (for North American market) or red-and-amber lenses (for the European and international markets) instead of the red and white lenses of the pre-facelift models.

A slight revision to the folding 'Vario-roof' hardtop meant it could deploy at up to 40 km/h (25mph) without the luggage compartment partition having to be deployed in a separate manual operation.

Model Range[edit]

  • SL 350: (2012–2014), 3.5 L V6
  • SL 400/SL 450: (2014–2020), 3.0 L V6 (SL 450 is exclusive to the North American market)
  • SL 500/SL 550: (2012–2020), 4.7 L V8 (SL 550 is exclusive to the North American market)
  • SL 63 AMG: (2012–2018), 5.5 L V8
  • SL 65 AMG: (2018–2018), 6.08 L V12

R232 (2022–present)[edit]

The eighth generation of SL-Class is still under the development and testing with no confirmed introduction date. The R232 is confirmed to be AMG model only, designating it as Mercedes-AMG SL-Class, and has the all-wheel-drive system, a first for the SL-Class. The R232 is reverting to the soft fabric roof rather than the heavier hard metal roof as fitted to the R230 and R231.[6]

On 14 July 2021, Mercedes-Benz released the photos of interior and dashboard.[7] This generation is the first SL-Class to have the 2+2 seating configuration as standard rather than optional fitment since 1989 with the introduction of R129. While R107 was built to be two-seater convertible, the owners could opt for the 2+2 seating configuration when ordering their R107 or for the retrofit kit to be installed in their R107 at later date. The rear seats are optimal for the passengers whose height is up to 1.5 metres. The dashboard is symmetrical along with the 12.3-inch digital instrument cluster and a 11.9-inch touchscreen panel in the centre. The instrument cluster is placed within a binnacle as to reduce the reflections from the sunlight and improve the legibility when the roof is folded down. The touchscreen panel in the centre is electrically tiltable to the vertical position for the same reason.

Mercedes-Benz has not released any technical data or the engine options yet (as of July 2021).

Sales[edit]

Calendar year US sales
2001 4,217[8]
2002 13,717
2003 13,318[9]
2004 12,885
2005 10,080[10]
2006 8,462
2007 6,126[11]
2008 5,464
2009 4,025[12]
2010 1,449
2011 4,899[13]
2012 5,233
2013 7,007[14]
2014 5,030
2015 4,060
2016 3,722
2017 2,940
2018 2,126

See also[edit]

Lexus LC
BMW 8 Series

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jochen Übler (19 April 2012), "Trimm's Leicht", Auto, Motor und Sport, Mercedes SL-Spezial 2012 (in German) (10), pp. 14–17, ISSN 0005-0806
  2. ^ Günter Engelen; Mike Riedner; Hans-Dieter Seufert (1999), Mercedes-Benz 300 SL (in German) (2 ed.), p. 31, ISBN 3-613-01268-5
  3. ^ "Mercedes SL: Allrad, 800 PS, AMG-Technik". Intro. auto motor und sport (in German). No. 8/2021. 15 March 2021. p. 13.
  4. ^ Gerold Lingnau (2002), "300SL – Die Ikone wird fünfzig", Mercedes-Benz Classic (in German) (1), pp. 10–22, ISSN 1610-8043
  5. ^ "Motorsport als Zündfunke: Der Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Rennsportwagen der Baureihe W 194 (1952–1953)". Daimler Media (in German). Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  6. ^ Glon, Ronald (12 March 2021). "Don't call me Benz: 2022 Mercedes SL next-gen will be AMG-only and AWD". Autoblog.
  7. ^ "Exclusive insights into the interior of the new Mercedes-AMG SL". Mercedes-Benz USA. 14 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  9. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008 | eMercedesBenz – The Unofficial Mercedes-Benz Weblog". eMercedesBenz. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an 18 Percent Increase for 2010". New Jersey: PR Newswire. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Mercedes Sales 2011 Best on Record! Strong December Sales Report Caps off 2011 with 264,460 Vehicles Sold". daveknowscars.com. 9 January 2012. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012.
  14. ^ "MERCEDES-BENZ ACHIEVES ITS HIGHEST YEAR EVER WITH 312,534 UNITS SOLD IN 2013". Mercedes-Benz. 3 January 2014. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

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  • Long, Brian (2013). Mercedes-Benz SL R129 Series 1989 to 2001. Dorchester, Dorset, UK: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 9781845844486.
  • Long, Brian (2015). Mercedes-Benz SL R230 Series 2001 to 2011. Dorchester, Dorset, UK: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 9781845847470.
  • Niemann, Harry (2006). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit 1886 [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since 1886] (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613025965.
  • Nitske, W. Robert (1995). Mercedes-Benz Production Models Book 1946-1995 (4th ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760302456.
  • Noakes, Andrew (2004). Mercedes SL Series: The Complete Story. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. ISBN 9781861266736.
  • Oswald, Werner (2001). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars] (in German). Band 2: 1945–1985. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021684.
  • Parish, Julian (2016). Mercedes-Benz SL: R129-series 1989 to 2001. Essential Buyer's Guide Veloce series. Dorchester, Dorset, UK: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 9781845848989.
  • Rohde, Michael; Koch, Detlef (2000). Mercedes-Benz. Typenkompass series (in German). Band 1. Personenwagen 1945 - 1975 [Volume 1. Passenger Cars 1945 - 1975]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 361302019X.
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (2013). Mercedes (revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing. ISBN 9783848002672.
  • Taylor, James (1985). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 1: The 1940s and 1950s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 8–24, 63–76, 103–136, 139–144. ISBN 0900549955. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Taylor, James (1985). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 2: The 1960s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 9–26, 73–84, 126–132, 135, 140–141, 143. ISBN 0900549963. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Taylor, James (1986). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 3: The 1970s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 9–60, 61–88, 127–129, 132–134, 139–140, 142. ISBN 0900549971. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Taylor, James (1994). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 4: The 1980s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 8–16. ISBN 0947981772. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Taylor, James (2009). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the 1990s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp. 8–20, 36–51. ISBN 9781847970961.
  • Taylor, James (2013). Factory-Original Mercedes SL: The originality guide to Mercedes-Benz SL models, 1963-2003. Beaworthy, Devon, UK: Herridge & Sons. ISBN 9781906133436.

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Chilton Automotive Editorial Staff (1974). Mercedes-Benz: 1968-73 All 220, 230, 250, 280, 300, 350 and 450 models, gasoline and diesel engines. Chilton's Repair & Tune-Up Guide Series. Radnor, PA, USA: Chilton Book Co. ISBN 0801959071.
  • Mellon, Thomas A, ed. (2001). Mercedes: Coupes/Sedans/Wagons, 1974-84 Repair Manual. Chilton Total Car Care Series. Radnor, PA, USA: Chilton; Sparkford, UK: Haynes Publishing. ISBN 0801990769.
  • Schauwecker, Steve; Haynes, John H. (1987). Mercedes-Benz 350 and 450: 1971 through 1980 3.5 and 4.5 liter V8: 350 SL, 450 SE, 450 SEL, 450 SL, 450 SLC: series 107 and 116 models with fuel-injected V8 engines and automatic transmissions. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 0856966983.
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2005. ISBN 9780837610337.

External links[edit]