Mercedes Bustamante

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Senate of Future Commission hosts "2022 The Brazil that We Want" Dr. Bustamante discusses environmental policies.

Mercedes Bustamante is a biologist born in Chile. Most of her work takes place in the savannah regions in Brazil called the cerrado biome. Her area of interests are studying large scale impacts on the environment, land usage and biogeochemistry.[1] Since 1994 she has been an Professor at the University of Brasilia (UnB), where she is currently the Graduate Coordinator of the Ecology Department.

Education[edit]

Bustamante attended the University of Rio de Janeiro graduating with a Bachelors in Science with a Biology focus in 1984. She furthered her education completing her Masters in Agricultural Physiology/Plant Physiology at the University of Viçosa in 1988. Afterwards acquiring a PhD in Geobotany at the University of Trier in 1993.

Achievements[edit]

Research achievements[edit]

Bustamante's research group has made several important discoveries about the impacts of human activities on the Cerrado. For instance, she was one of the first to link cattle ranching in the Cerrado to greenhouse emissions.

Government service[edit]

In addition to her academic research, Bustamante served in Brazil's federal government. She was a General Coordinator of Ecosystem Management and Director of Policies and Thematic Programs in the Ministry of Science, Technology from 2010-2013. Her responsibilities included political outreach, and working alongside lobbyists.

Publications[edit]

Journal articles[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Our Nutrient World: The challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution: This book discusses agriculture will continue to be a large business in the future. The fertilizers used such as nitrogen and phosphorus will still be in high demand. These nutrients have led to large scale negative impacts on the planet leading to soil degradation, food scarcity, and depleting natural resources.[3]
  • Amazonia and Global Change: This book discusses the future the Amazon faces with climate change approaching. Some issues addressed are increased emissions, differences among wet and dry seasons, drought, release of carbon, floodplains, and cattle ranching.[4]

Ecosystem Lab[edit]

The ecosystem lab[5] is part of the University of Brasília (UnB) was created in 1994. The lab is dedicated to researching the tropics at different levels. The lab specifically focuses on the cerrado biome. The lab consists of Dr. Bustamante's bachelors, graduate, masters, and PhD students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mercedes Bustamante". ccafs.cgiar.org. 2015-01-27. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  2. ^ Bustamente, Smith, Mercedes, Pete. "Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses" (PDF). ipcc.
  3. ^ M.A., Sutton; A., Bleeker; C.M., Howard; M., Bekunda; B., Grizzetti; W., de Vries; H.J.M., van Grinsven; Y.P., Abrol; T.K., Adhya (2013). Our nutrient world: the challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution. nora.nerc.ac.uk. ISBN 9781906698409. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  4. ^ Keller, Michael; Bustamante, Mercedes; Gash, John; Silva Dias, Pedro, eds. (2009). Amazonia and Global Change. Geophysical Monograph Series. 186. doi:10.1029/gm186. ISBN 978-0-87590-476-4. ISSN 0065-8448.
  5. ^ "http://bustamantelab.com.br/en/". bustamantelab.com.br. Retrieved 2018-10-23. External link in |title= (help)