Mercedes D.IVa

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Daimler D IV.jpg
Mercedes D.IVa at the Deutsches Museum. The prominent black piping is the inlet manifold from the carburetor
Type Inline piston engine
Manufacturer Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG)
First run 1917
Not to be confused with the Maybach Mb.IVa.

The Mercedes D.IVa was a German six-cylinder, water-cooled, inline engine developed in 1917 for use in aircraft and built by Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG).[1]

Design and development[edit]

The D.IVa replaced the failed Mercedes D.IV inline eight-cylinder engine. The D.IVa was primarily used to power bombers and large reconnaissance aircraft. Unlike most German designs, the D.IVa was relatively advanced, including four valves per cylinder powered by an overhead cam, also used on the earlier two-valve per cylinder D.I through D.IIIa powerplants.

Designed specifically to be installed in the fuselage, the engine featured a number of design elements intended to reduce its width. For instance, the carburetor was placed behind the engine, feeding fuel to the cylinders via a long tubular intake manifold. This had the disadvantage of poor fuel distribution. Two versions of the engine were produced in mirror copies, running in opposite directions.


Engines on display[edit]

  • A Mercedes D.IVa recently restored by the Museum's Friends ASSN. is on public display at the Museo Nacional de Aeronautica (MORON-Argentina).

Specifications (D.IVa)[edit]

Data from Jane's.[2][3]

General characteristics

  • Type: 6-cylinder, inline piston engine
  • Bore: 160 mm (6.30 in)
  • Stroke: 180 mm (7.09 in)
  • Displacement: 21.72 L (1,324.92 cu in)
  • Length: 1,168.4 mm (46 in) approx.
  • Height: 1,968.5 mm (77.5 in)
  • Dry weight: 498.50 kg (1,099 lb)


  • Valvetrain: Shaft driven SOHC operating twin exhaust and inlet valves with a half compression setting for starting
  • Fuel system: Twin jet Mercedes carburettor with automatic mixture control
  • Fuel type: Gasoline
  • Oil system: Forced feed to bearings and camshaft
  • Cooling system: Water-cooled
  • Reduction gear: Direct drive, left-hand tractor


See also[edit]

Related lists



  1. ^ Gunston 1989, p.101.
  2. ^ Jane's 1993, p. 299
  3. ^ Figures were derived from a British bench test of a captured engine.


  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9
  • Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I. London. Studio Editions Ltd, 1993. ISBN 1-85170-347-0

External links[edit]