Merchants of death
The term was popular in antiwar circles of both the left and the right, and was used extensively regarding the Senate hearings in 1936 by the Nye Committee. The Senate hearing examined how much influence the manufacturers of armaments had in the American decision to enter World War I. 93 hearings were held, over 200 witnesses were called, and little hard evidence was found. The Nye Committee came to an end when Chairman Nye accused President Woodrow Wilson of withholding information from Congress when he chose to enter World War I. The failure of the committee to find a conspiracy did not change public prejudice against the manufactures of armaments, thus the popular name "Merchants of death". See the United States Senate, Senate History page.
- Engelbrecht, H. C.; Hanighen, F. C. (15 June 1934). Merchants of Death (PDF). Dodd, Mead & Co. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Brandes, Stuart D. (1997). Warhogs: A History of War Profits in America. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813120209.
- Cole, Wayne S. (1962). Senator Gerald P. Nye and American Foreign Relations. University of Minnesota Press.
- Wiltz, John Edward (Spring 1961). "The Nye Committee Revisited". Historian. 23 (2): 211–233. ISSN 1540-6563. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6563.1961.tb01684.x.
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