Mercouri Kanatzidis

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Mercouri Kanatzidis
Mercouri Kanatzidis Picture.jpg
Born
Mercouri Gregorio Kanatzidis

1957 (age 64–65)
Thessaloniki, Greece
NationalityAmerican
Alma materAristotle University of Thessaloniki B.Sc. (1979)
University of Iowa Ph.D. (1984)
AwardsSamson Prime Minister's Prize for Innovation in Alternative Fuels for Transportation, 2016; ACS Award in Inorganic Chemistry, 2016; ENI Award for the "Renewable Energy Prize" category, 2015.
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry, materials science, and nanotechnology
Institutions
ThesisSynthesis and Characterization of Mixed-Ligand Complexes Containing the Iron4Sulfur4 Core. Synthesis and Characterization of New Novel Complexes Containing the Iron4Sulfur6 Core (1984)
Doctoral advisorDimitri Coucouvanis
Other academic advisorsTobin J. Marks

Mercouri Kanatzidis (Greek: Μερκούριος Κανατζίδης; born 1957) is a Charles E. and Emma H. Morrison Professor of chemistry and professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University[1] and Senior Scientist at Argonne National Laboratory.[2]

Kanatzidis was listed as one of the most cited researchers in Materials Science and Engineering in 2016 based on Elsevier Scopus data.[3] He has published over 1,365 manuscripts (ISI h-index =151 Google h-index =171][4]) and has over 40 patents. As of March 2021, Mercouri Kanatzidis has mentored over 70 Ph.D. students and nearly 120 postdoctoral fellows. More than 90 of these alumni hold academic positions worldwide.

Early life and education[edit]

Kanatzidis was born in Thessaloniki, Greece. He received his B.S. degree from Aristotle University in 1979 and his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 1984 [1] (with Dimitri Coucouvanis). He spent two years at the University of Iowa from 1980 to 1982 and then moved to the University of Michigan when Coucouvanis moved there in 1982.

He was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Michigan (1985) and Northwestern University (1986-1987) where he worked with Professor Tobin J. Marks on conductive polymers and intercalation compounds.

He became assistant professor at Michigan State University in 1987. He was promoted to full Professor in 1994. He moved to Northwestern University in 2006.

Research[edit]

Kanatzidis has developed synthesis methodologies including the panoramic synthesis[5][6] approach for the design and discovery of new chalcogenide materials and intermetallics. He is known for the development of flux synthesis techniques which allow reactions to proceed at lower temperatures than otherwise would and can lead to new structures and compositions. From his research, metal sulfide ion-exchangers[7] have been discovered, which can be used in the heavy metal remediation of industrial waste water.

Kanatzidis invented strategies for achieving "nanostructuring" and all-scale architecturing for thermoelectric semiconductors, leading to high performance materials with record high ZT figures of merit.,[8][9] (ZT~2.2).[10] Nanostructured thermoelectric materials possess coherently embedded nanodots, for example PbTe (a state called endotaxy) which lower the thermal conductivity by >70% while allowing high electrical conductivity, enabling very high ZT of >2.5.[11]


Kanatzidis, along with fellow researcher Professor Robert P.H. Chang at Northwestern, developed a new solar cell that uses tin instead of lead perovskite.[12] They published the first solid state solar cell device using a film of CsSnI3 perovskite CsSnI3 in a solid state dye-sensitized Gratzel cell with ~10% efficiency. He was first to demonstrate functioning CH3NH3SnI3 based solar cells. He also demonstrated first CH3NH3SnI3 based solar cells and discovered the anomalous bandgap dependence between lead and tin based solid solutions APb1-xSnxI3 (A=Cs, CH3NH3, formamidinium) that revealed bandgaps as allow as 1.1 eV are achievable which is useful in development of tandem solar cells.[13]

In 2016 Kanatzidis and Mohite showed that 2D iodide perovskites form films with vertical slab orientation and demonstrating >12% efficiency in a solar cell with far better stability than corresponding 3D MAPbI3-based solar cells.[14] 2D iodide perovskites are now widely used as mixtures of 2D/3D perovskites for solar cells exhibit both high stability efficiency.

In 2013 he reported the x-ray detecting properties of the perovskite CsPbBr3 semiconductor[15] with potential applications in gamma-ray spectroscopy having better than 1.4% energy resolution.[16][17]

Kanatzidis has proposed ideas and concepts for predictive synthesis to new materials including "infinitely adaptive" homologous superseries and the panoramic synthesis strategy where with a single experiment all phases in the course of a given reaction can be detected. This offers a panoramic view of all the phases present, and could help unravel the mechanisms of how new materials form.[18]

Kanatzidis invented a new class of materials called chalcogels. These are unique inorganic compounds that are aerogels. Using ligand metathesis chemistry, he reported experimental conditions suitable to create gels and avoid the undesirable precipitates. The chalcogels are built like a sponge, and can soak up many heavy-metal atoms from polluted water. And because the chalcogels pack an enormous surface area into a tiny volume, small pieces can clear out thousands of liters of water. For example, the chalcogels reduce mercury, lead and cadmium concentrations down to ppt levels. Biomimetic chalcogels containing Fe4S4 clusters were reported to reduce photochemically N2 to NH3.[19]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Mercouri Kanatzidis, Professor". Northwestern University. Weinberg College of Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Senior Chemist Archived 2017-04-27 at the Wayback Machine". Argonne National Laboratory. Materials Science Division. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  3. ^ "The 2016 List of Most Cited Researchers in Materials Science and Engineering by Elsevier Scopus Data". MSESupplies.com. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Kanatzidis".
  5. ^ Haynes, Alyssa (2017). "Panoramic Synthesis as an Effective Materials Discovery Tool: The System Cs/Sn/P/Se as a Test Case". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 139 (31): 10814–10821. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b05423. PMID 28665593.
  6. ^ McClain, Rebecca (2021). "Mechanistic insight of KBiQ2 (Q = S, Se) using panoramic synthesis towards synthesis-by-design". Chemical Science. 12 (4): 1378–1391. doi:10.1039/D0SC04562D. PMC 8179147. PMID 34163901.
  7. ^ Manos, Manolis J.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (2016). "Metal sulfide ion exchangers: superior sorbents for the capture of toxic and nuclear waste-related metal ions". Chem. Sci. 7 (8): 4804–4824. doi:10.1039/C6SC01039C. PMC 6016724. PMID 30155129.
  8. ^ Hsu, K. F.; Loo, S.; Guo, F.; Chen, W.; Dyck, J. S.; Uher, C.; Hogan, T.; Polychroniadis, E. K.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (6 February 2004). "Cubic AgPbmSbTe2+m: Bulk Thermoelectric Materials with High Figure of Merit". Science. 303 (5659): 818–821. Bibcode:2004Sci...303..818H. doi:10.1126/science.1092963. PMID 14764873. S2CID 12772102.
  9. ^ Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (9 February 2010). "Nanostructured Thermoelectrics: The New Paradigm?". Chemistry of Materials. 22 (3): 648–659. doi:10.1021/cm902195j.
  10. ^ Biswas, Kanishka; He, Jiaqing; Blum, Ivan D.; Wu, Chun-I; Hogan, Timothy P.; Seidman, David N.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (19 September 2012). "High-performance bulk thermoelectrics with all-scale hierarchical architectures". Nature. 489 (7416): 414–418. Bibcode:2012Natur.489..414B. doi:10.1038/nature11439. PMID 22996556. S2CID 4394616.
  11. ^ Tan, Gangjian (2016-07-26). "Non-equilibrium processing leads to record high thermoelectric figure of merit in PbTe–SrTe". Nature Communications. 7: 12167. Bibcode:2016NatCo...712167T. doi:10.1038/ncomms12167. PMC 4963473. PMID 27456303.
  12. ^ "Taking the Lead out of a Promising Solar Cell". Northwestern University. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  13. ^ Hao, Feng (June 2014). "Lead-free solid-state organic–inorganic halide perovskite solar cells". Nature Photonics. 8 (6): 489–494. Bibcode:2014NaPho...8..489H. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.82.
  14. ^ Tsai, Hsinhan; Nie, Wanyi; Blancon, Jean-Christophe; Stoumpos, Constantinos C.; Asadpour, Reza; Harutyunyan, Boris; Neukirch, Amanda J.; Verduzco, Rafael; Crochet, Jared J.; Tretiak, Sergei; Pedesseau, Laurent (August 2016). "High-efficiency two-dimensional Ruddlesden–Popper perovskite solar cells". Nature. 536 (7616): 312–316. Bibcode:2016Natur.536..312T. doi:10.1038/nature18306. ISSN 1476-4687. OSTI 1492605. PMID 27383783. S2CID 4455016.
  15. ^ Stoumpos, Constantinos C (June 3, 2013). "Crystal Growth of the Perovskite Semiconductor CsPbBr3: A New Material for High-Energy Radiation Detection". Cryst. Growth Des. 13 (7): 2722–2727. doi:10.1021/cg400645t.
  16. ^ He, Yihue (23 April 2018). "High Spectral resolution of gamma-rays at room temperature by perovskite CsPbBr3 single crystals". Nature Communications. 9 (1): 1609. Bibcode:2018NatCo...9.1609H. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04073-3. PMC 5913317. PMID 29686385.
  17. ^ He, Yihui (January 2021). "CsPbBr3 perovskite detectors with 1.4% energy resolution for high-energy gamma-rays". Nature Photonics. 15 (1): 36–42. Bibcode:2021NaPho..15...36H. doi:10.1038/s41566-020-00727-1. OSTI 1780705. S2CID 229367318.
  18. ^ Mrotzek, Antje; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. (2003). ""Design" in Solid-State Chemistry Based on Phase Homologies. The Concept of Structural Evolution and the New Megaseries Am[M1+lSe2+l]22m[M2l+nSe2+3l+n]". Acc. Chem. Res. 36 (2): 111–119. doi:10.1021/ar020099+. PMID 12589696.
  19. ^ "Iron-sulfur gel provides possible green route to ammonia". Chemical & Engineering News. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  20. ^ "Hershel and Hilda Rich Visiting Professorship in Applied Research 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Professor Mercouri Kanatzidis Receives Honorary Doctorate" (PDF). University of Crete. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  22. ^ "The 2016 Samson – Prime Minister's Prize for Innovation in Alternative Fuels for Transportation". Fuel Choices Summit. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  23. ^ "APS Fellow". APS Physics. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  24. ^ "James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials". APS.org Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  25. ^ "ACS Award in Inorganic Chemistry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  26. ^ "ENI Award 2015". Enipedia. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  27. ^ "Wilhelm Manchot Professorship". Technical University of Munich. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  28. ^ "de Gennes Prize". Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  29. ^ "MRS Medal Recipients". Materials Research Society. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  30. ^ "International Thermoelectric Society". International Themoelectric Society. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  31. ^ a b c "Northwestern University - McCormick School of Engineering". Northwestern University - McCormick School of Engineering. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Cheetham Lecturer". Materials Research Laboratory at UC Santa Barbara. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  33. ^ "The Morley Medal Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine". American Chemical Society – Cleveland Section. Retrieved 13 December 2016.

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