Mercury(I) iodide
|Molar mass||654.99 g mol−1|
|Appearance||Dark yellow, opaque crystals|
|Density||7.7 g mL−1|
|241.47 J K−1 mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|−119.09 kJ mol−1|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|H300, H310, H330, H373, H410|
|P260, P273, P280, P284, P301+310|
|EU classification||T+ N|
|R-phrases||R26/27/28, R33, R50/53|
|S-phrases||(S1/2), S13, S28, S45|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is: / ?)(|
2 Hg + I2 → Hg2I2
In common with other Hg(I) (mercurous) compounds which contain linear X-Hg-Hg-X units, Hg2I2 contains linear IHg2I units with an Hg-Hg bond length of 272 pm (Hg-Hg in the metal is 300 pm) and an Hg-I bond length of 268 pm. The overall coordination of each Hg atom is octahedral as it has in addition to the two nearest neighbours there are four other I atoms at 351 pm. The compound is often formulated as Hg22+ 2I−.
Mercury(I) iodide, called Protiodide, was a very commonly used drug in the 19th century, prescribed for everything from acne to kidney disease. It was also the treatment of choice for syphilis. It was available over the counter at any drugstore in the world, the most common form being a concoction of protiodide, licorice, glycerin and marshmallow.
Taken orally, and in low doses, protiodide causes excessive salivation, fetid breath, spongy and bleeding gums and sore teeth. Excessive use or an overdose causes physical weakness, loss of teeth, hemolysing (destruction of the red blood cells) of the blood and necrosis of the bones and tissues of the body. Early signs of an overdose or excessive use are muscular tremors, chorea, and locomotor ataxia. Violent bloody vomiting and voiding also occur.
- Mercury(II) iodide, HgI2