Mercury Turnpike Cruiser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mercury Turnpike Cruiser
Mercury turnpike cruiser.jpg
1957 Mercury Turnpike Cruiser
Overview
ManufacturerMercury (Ford)
Also calledMercury Convertible Cruiser
Model years1957–1958
AssemblySt. Louis, Missouri
Pico Rivera, California
Atlanta, Georgia
Mahwah, New Jersey
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size car
Body style2-door hardtop coupe
4-door hardtop sedan
2-door convertible
LayoutFR layout, body-on-frame
RelatedMercury Montclair
Mercury Colony Park
Powertrain
Engine368 cu in (6.0 L) Y-Block V8
383 cu in (6.3 L) Marauder V8
430 cu in (7.0 L) Marauder V8
430 cu in (7.0 L) Super Marauder V8
Transmission3-speed Merc-O-Matic automatic[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase122 in (3,099 mm) [1]
Length211 in (5,359 mm)
Width79.1 in (2,009 mm)
Height56.5 in (1,435 mm) [1]
Chronology
SuccessorMercury Park Lane

The Mercury Turnpike Cruiser is a full-size automobile that was the flagship model of the Mercury division of Ford Motor Company for the 1957 and 1958 model years. Named after the 1956 creation of the Interstate Highway System, the Turnpike Cruiser was produced in two-door and four-door hardtop body styles. In 1957, a two-door convertible was also produced, serving as the pace car for the Indianapolis 500 of that year.

They are best known for the unique styling cues and wide array of gadgets including a "Breezeway" power rear window that could be lowered to improve ventilation, "twin jet" air intakes at upper corners of car's windshield, "seat-o-matic" automatically adjusting seat,[2] and an average speed "computer" (that would tell your average speed at any point along a trip).[3][4]

1957[edit]

rear view showing "Breezeway" window

For 1957, the Turnpike Cruiser was the premium model offering from Mercury. In addition to its unique features, the car was further differentiated from other Mercury models by a gold anodized trim strip in the car's rear fin. It came standard with an automatic transmission and a 368-c.i.d. engine producing 290 horsepower (220 kW); this engine was optional on other Mercurys. A tachometer was available.[5] Safety features such as an impact absorbing, deep-dish steering wheel with a flattened top for better visibility, fully padded dash, front seat stops (to keep the front seat from breaking away) and safety door locks were standard, while seat belts were optional.[6][7]

The Turnpike Cruiser would comprise 8.47% of Mercury sales in 1957.[1] Motor Trend gave high marks for fuel economy (14.6mpg at 60mph) and comfort, low for handling.[7]

Convertible Cruiser[edit]

1957 Mercury Turnpike Cruiser convertible
1957 Convertible Cruiser with "Continental Kit" spare tire

Later in the model year an open car named Convertible Cruiser was added to this series. From the beginning it was created only to be used as the official pace car of the 1957 Indianapolis 500. On January 7, 1957, it was announced that the Convertible Cruiser would be available as a production model as well. All Convertible cruisers had a continental tire kit and were painted yellow (Sun Glitter), similar to the original pace cars.

1958[edit]

In 1958 the Turnpike Cruiser joined the mid-range Mercury Montclair line with only minor trim changes to the car from the previous year, but the convertible version was not offered this year. A further upgrade of luxury equipment and appearance of the Turnpike Cruiser became the Mercury Park Lane which replaced it entirely for 1959.

Standard engine became the 383-c.i.d. "Marauder" V8 engine, with the 430-c.i.d., 360 horsepower (270 kW) version available as an option. A triple-carburetor"Super Marauder" 400 horsepower (300 kW) version was available across the Mercury line. Self-adjusting brakes were added.[8]

From 1963 to 1966 Mercury revived the most distinctive feature of the Turnpike Cruiser, returning a retractable "Breezeway" rear window, on its full-size Monterey, Montclair and Park Lane model ranges.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Flory, Jr., J. "Kelly" (2008). American Cars, 1946-1959 Every Model Every Year. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7864-3229-5.
  2. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1957 Mercury/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  3. ^ http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1957-1958-mercury-turnpike-cruiser2.htm
  4. ^ http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Mercury/1957%20Mercury/1957_Mercury_Foldout/1957%20Mercury%20Foldout-03.html
  5. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1957 Mercury/1957_Mercury_Foldout". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  6. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1957 Mercury/1957_Mercury_Brochure". How Stuff Works. Oldcarbrochures.com.
  7. ^ a b http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1957-1958-mercury-turnpike-cruiser3.htm 1957 Mercury Turnpike Cruiser Equipment
  8. ^ http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Mercury/1958%20Mercury/1958_Mercury_Brochure/1958%20Mercury%20Brochure-31.html
  9. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1958 Mercury/1958_Mercury_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.

External links[edit]