The Pestabola Merdeka is Asia`s oldest football tournament which invited football playing nations to compete since 1957. While the tournament had been held annually from 1957 to 1988, it has been held only nine times from 1989 to 2013. During the late 1950s to early 1980s,it was a prestigious tournament among Asian nations because the participants sent their full senior players. After the 1980s, it lost interest because many Asian nations focused more on the qualification phases in FIFA World Cup and AFC Asian Cup.
Note: 1 All teams participant fielded their strongest side and their match are regarded as full internationals for their association.2 South Korea was represented by a reserve team with some senior players.