Merhavia (moshav)

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Merhavia
מֶרְחַבְיָה
Merhavia is located in Israel
Merhavia
Merhavia
Coordinates: 32°36′16.92″N 35°18′29.16″E / 32.6047000°N 35.3081000°E / 32.6047000; 35.3081000Coordinates: 32°36′16.92″N 35°18′29.16″E / 32.6047000°N 35.3081000°E / 32.6047000; 35.3081000
District Northern
Council Jezreel Valley
Affiliation Moshavim Movement
Founded 1911
Founded by Kvutzat Kibush members and Second Aliyah immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 664
Website www.merhavia.co.il

Merhavia (Hebrew: מֶרְחַבְיָה‎, lit. "Great Enlargement - God") a moshav in northern Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council and in 2015 had a population of 664.[1] Founded in 1911, it was the first modern Jewish settlement in the Jezreel Valley.

Etymology[edit]

The name Merhavia is derived from the Book of Psalms 118:5.

Out of my straits I called upon the LORD; .. answered me with great enlargement - God.

In the metaphorical sense: "God set me free" - the experience of the Jews immigrating to the Land of Israel and achieving a new homeland without the straits of persecution.

History[edit]

The village was established as the Co-operative in Merhavia, a co-operative farm, at the beginning of 1911, based on the ideas of Franz Oppenheimer.[2] The founders had arrived in the area in 1910 and consisted of members of Kvutzat Kibush and workers of the Second Aliyah. It was supposed to operate as a co-operative farm with differential wages, and was founded with the assistance of Arthur Ruppin, Yehoshua Hankin, the Anglo-Palestine Bank and Eliyahu Blumenfeld. Alexander Baerwald designed and built the first solid buildings and the road net with a central square in 1915.[3]

In 1922 it was converted to a moshav ovdim after being joined by Polish immigrants and residents of Tel Aviv who wanted to work in agriculture. According to a census conducted in the same year by the British Mandate authorities, the settlement had a population of 135 Jews.[4]

In 1929 a kibbutz, also by the name of Merhavia, was established next to the moshav.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Co-operation in Palestine New York Times, 17 March 1914
  3. ^ Myra Warhaftig (in German) (Hebrew: מירה ווארהפטיג‎‎), "Alex Baerwald", in: id., Sie legten den Grundstein. Leben und Wirken deutschsprachiger jüdischer Architekten in Palästina 1918-1948, Berlin and Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1996, pp. 34-41, here p. 35. ISBN 3-8030-0171-4
  4. ^ [1]

External links[edit]