Meriden (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Meriden in the West Midlands for the 2007 general election
Location of the West Midlands within England
|Electorate||83,428 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Balsall Common, Hampton-in-Arden, Meriden and Chelmsley Wood|
|Member of Parliament||Caroline Spelman (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Sutton Coldfield and Nuneaton|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Meriden is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Caroline Spelman, a Conservative.[n 2] It is named after the village of Meriden which lies around halfway between the urban fringe of Solihull and Coventry.
- 1 Members of Parliament
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Boundaries
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
Members of Parliament
The current MP since 1997 is the Conservative Caroline Spelman.
|1964||Christopher Rowland||Labour||Died November 1967|
|1968 by-election||Keith Speed||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||John Tomlinson||Labour|
|1979||Iain Mills||Conservative||Died January 1997; no by-election held due to imminent general election|
|1997||Caroline Spelman||Conservative||Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010-2012)|
Second Church Estates Commissioner (2015-present)
The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It covers the rural area, known as the Meriden Gap, between the West Midlands conurbation and Coventry, which contains villages such as Balsall Common, Hampton-in-Arden and Meriden itself, with some towns, particularly Castle Bromwich and Chelmsley Wood (a large area of 1960s council housing on the eastern edge of Birmingham, some of which since acquired privately under the right to buy others of which being remaining social housing), higher than average national income and affluent areas particular examples being Hockley Heath, Bentley Heath, Temple Balsall, Catherine-de-Barnes, Dorridge and Knowle. Incidence of home ownership in this area is high, as opposed to the rented sector.
Meriden is the largest geographical constituency in the West Midlands metropolitan area. It was created for the 1955 general election.
The 1983 boundary changes and landslide electoral success of Margaret Thatcher that year transformed the constituency into a Conservative safe seat, with the Labour-leaning areas becoming part of the new Warwickshire North constituency (which was also won by the Conservatives). Iain Mills held this seat until he died in office in January 1997, with the seat remaining vacant until the dissolution of Parliament that March (and therefore no by-election being held). Caroline Spelman was victorious in the 1997 general election, though on that occasion only by a marginal majority, and has held the seat since, with the challenge from Labour becoming more distant.
The constituency was created in 1955 following a review of parliamentary seats in Warwickshire by the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency's area was transferred from the neighbouring constituencies of Nuneaton and Sutton Coldfield.
Tamworth Rural District was abolished in 1965, with most of its area redistributed between the two neighbouring rural districts. Accordingly, this resulted in only a minor boundary change to the constituency in 1974.
Until 1983 the seat was a Labour-Conservative marginal, covering the coal mining areas of northern Warwickshire and the more affluent area near Solihull. It changed hands between the two parties several times, including in a by-election in 1968, which was won by Keith Speed of the Conservatives.
In 1983, reflecting the major local government boundary changes effected by the Local Government Act 1972, a new Meriden County Constituency was created as part of the parliamentary county of West Midlands. There were no boundary changes in 1997. The Conservatives have generally achieved solid majorities in the constituency since 1983, although Labour came within 582 votes of gaining the seat in its 1997 landslide.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Solihull wards of Bickenhill, Blythe, Castle Bromwich, Chelmsley Wood, Dorridge and Hockley Heath, Kingshurst and Fordbridge, Knowle, Meriden, and Smith's Wood.
1983-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Solihull wards of Bickenhill, Castle Bromwich, Chelmsley Wood, Fordbridge, Kingshurst, Knowle, Meriden, Packwood, and Smith's Wood.
1974-1983: The Rural Districts of Atherstone and Meriden.
1955-1974: The Rural Districts of Atherstone, Meriden, and Tamworth.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Laura McCarthy|
|Liberal Democrat||Antony Rogers||2,663||4.9||0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Ade Adeyemo||2,638||5.0||12.8|
|Independence from Europe||Chris Booth||100||0.2||0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Slater||9,278||17.8||1.0|
|Solihull and Meriden Residents' Association||Nikki Sinclaire||658||1.3||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||William Laitinen||7,113||15.3||4.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Hicks||4,941||11.1||1.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Tony Dupont||7,098||13.0||1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||JA Morris||8,489||14.0||4.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Christine Parkinson||10,896||18.80|
|Social Democratic||PM Dunbar||10,674||20.12|
|National Front||CL Collins||460||0.87|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||A Parkes||1,032||1.35|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||18.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 2)
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- 2011 census interactive maps Archived 2016-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Statutory Instrument 2007 No. 1681 (section Schedule) The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 (Coming into force 27 June 2007)
- F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)
- "Ex Downing Street chief Nick Timothy rejected as Meriden candidate". BBC News. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "Meriden Parliamentary constituency". BBC. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS: MERIDEN 2015".
- "Greens Select Meriden Parliamentary Candidate". westmidlands.greenparty.org.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.solihull.gov.uk/Attachments/SOPN.pdf[permanent dead link]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2010-12-25.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.118 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.