Meridian Audio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Meridian Audio
TypeLimited company
IndustryAudio/Visual Consumer electronics equipment manufacturing and distribution
Founded1977; 44 years ago (1977)
FounderBob Stuart, Allen Boothroyd
HeadquartersHuntingdon, England
ProductsHigh-end loudspeakers, home theatre equipment
Websitewww.meridian-audio.com

Meridian Audio is a British manufacturer of high-performance, high-fidelity audio and video components and systems. Bob Stuart and Allen Boothroyd founded the company in 1977 under the name Boothroyd-Stuart. In 1985 the company released a CD player under the brand name, Meridian.[1] The company also created the lossless compression format Meridian Lossless Packing and the Master Quality Authenticated (MQA) audio codec.[2][3]

History[edit]

Meridian Audio founders Allen Boothroyd and Bob Stuart

Based in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, Meridian Audio was founded by John Robert (Bob) Stuart and Allen Boothroyd in 1977. Since the company's inception, all Meridian products have been built in the UK.[1] The company claims it was the among the first to introduce active loudspeakers designed for the domestic market [1] and was the first British company to manufacture a CD player in 1983. The Meridian MCD, launched in 1985, was the first audiophile CD player.[4] [5] Meridian also created the first digital surround-sound processor, the 565 in 1994 as well as the first DSP-based digital active loudspeakers.

Today, the company's two largest markets are the United States[6] and the UK.[citation needed]

Until 2007, the company operated without a marketing department. Hobbyists favoured the company's products, engineers ran the company, and instead of marketing their products the company focused on making technical improvements to them. During the pre-2007 economic boom, exports made up 80 per cent of Meridian's sales.[1]

Meridian Audio's flagship DSP8000 speakers

In 2007, a consortium of investors purchased a minority holding in the company.[1][7]

Following the 2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession the firm underwent three years of restructuring and experienced a 50% reduction in sales to the U.S.A but a 10% increase in overall sales. The company also reduced its product line from 1220 products to 35.[1]

The organisation acquired the media server manufacturer Sooloos in late 2008. The acquisition gave Meridian an entry into the media server market. Following the deal, Sooloos released new products under the name Meridian Sooloos.[8]

The company opened its first shop in Bangko, Thailand in November 2009, followed by three more retail outlets in Seoul, Santiago and Mexico and a U.K. branch in Oxford.[1][9]

In the same year, the organisation announced John Buchanan would take over from Tim Ireland as CEO.[10]

Meridian partnered with the South Korean company LG for a jointly developed range of audio equipment. Meridian provided engineering support for the range and developed a range of audio equipment. Meridian provided engineering support for the range and advised on matters such as component choice. They also made physical alterations such as changing the shape of the drive cone container and introducing absorbing materials.[11]

In 2019, Meridian entered into a partnership with British Airways to develop a set of in-flight headphones that reduce resonance, distortion and reflection.[12]

In 2020, the company partnered with the Chinese company, Human Horizons to create a 600Watt sound system for their electric vehicle manufacturer HiPhi. The system has twelve speakers in total and a digital EQ controlled by AI.[13] Stuart resigned from the company in September 2017, while Boothroyd resigned as director in March 2020.[14]

Meridian MCD, J[edit]

In 1984, the two founders, operating under the name Boothroyd-Stuart created a CD player under the brand name Meridian. They named the device the MCD, J.[15] Having acknowledged that they lacked the experience or manufacturing facilities to create a CD player from scratch,[16] Boothroyd-Stuart turned to Phillips, who allowed small companies to purchase their CD-101 decks and design their own cases and interfaces.[15] The two co-founders suspected that the mechanical parts and electronics of mass-produced CD players negated the overall sound quality.[15] Specifically, they felt that a lot of the sonic faults were not down to the system itself but to imperfections in the digital data extraction, the D/A conversion and the audio output circuitry.[16] Moreover, they believed physically stabilizing the disc in the player eliminated the digital signal decoding errors caused by vibrations. Therefore, they discarded the deck’s analog audio circuitry and improved the unit’s power supply.[15] Most-importantly they sped up the deck’s laser-tracking servo’s focus reaction time so that it could track warped discs better. They also installed a new audio board with better grounding and shielding capabilities, aluminum electrolytic output coupling capacitors and a 3-pole analog filter section.[16]

Ultra DAC D/A processor[edit]

After Stuart's departure to MQA ltd, chief technical officer, Richard Hollinshead lead Meridian's design team that created the digital audio converter (DAC). The converter uses a type of hierarchical conversion technology and has adjustable up-sampling filters.[17]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Meridian products have received several awards, including:

  • 2011 Robb Report Best of the Best, Audio: Meridian Sooloos Digital Media System[18]
  • 2010 CEA Human Interface Product of the Year: Meridian Sooloos[19]
  • 2009 Robb Report Best of the Best, Home Video: Meridian 810 Reference Video System[20]
  • 2009 CEA Innovations Design and Engineering Award in the Integrated Home Systems: Meridian Sooloos[21]
  • 1988 British Design Council Award: Meridian 200 Series[22]
  • 1982 British Design Council Award: Meridian Modular Amplifier System[23]

Museum exhibits[edit]

New York's mMuseum of Modern Art, keeps The Lecson Audio System, Boothroyd and Stuart's first sound system on permanent exhibit. London's Victoria and Albert Museum keeps the Lecson Audio System in storage.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Bob Stuart: Britain's best-kept engineering secret". The Independent. 16 December 2010. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  2. ^ Colloms, Martin (7 December 2014). "Meridian Launch MQA master quality authenticated audio format". HiFi Critic. Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Details for: Dolby MLP Lossless Audio". The National Archives (United Kingdom). 22 October 2016. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  4. ^ Valens, Quinn (15 June 2009). "Time warp: Meridian's MCD, the first audiophile CD player". Gaget Guy. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  5. ^ Holt, Gordon (1 December 2010). "Meridian MCD & MCD Pro CD players". Stereophile. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  6. ^ Taub, Eric (22 April 2004). "TECHNOLOGY; Electronics That Enhance an Image (Yours)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2021.Taub, Eric (22 April 2004). "TECHNOLOGY; Electronics That Enhance an Image (Yours)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Meridian Audio Ltd and Muse Investment Group Enter Into Financial And Branding Alliance". 5 December 2007. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  8. ^ Phillips, Wes (5 December 2008). "Meridian acquires SooLoos". Stereophile. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  9. ^ Cox, Joe (10 April 2011). "Meridian brings first boutique outlet to UK". What Hi-Fi?. Archived from the original on 1 October 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Leadership change at Meridian Audio". GC Magazine. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  11. ^ May, Steve (18 April 2018). "LG and Meridian Audio unveil jointly developed Dolby Atmos soundbars, ThinQ speaker and portable sound systems". Inside CI. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2021.May, Steve (18 April 2018). "LG and Meridian Audio unveil jointly developed Dolby Atmos soundbars, ThinQ speaker and portable sound systems". Inside CI. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  12. ^ Sait, Daniel J (7 March 2019). "High Flying Meridian partners with British Airways". Essential Install. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  13. ^ P, K (3 September 2020). "Együttműködik a Meridian Audio és a Human Horizons". Sztereo Magazine (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Meridian Audio Limited - People". gov.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  15. ^ a b c d DOWNES, KIERAN (2010). "Perfect Sound Forever':Innovation, Aesthetics, and the Re-Making of Compact Disc Playback". Technology and Culture. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 51 (2): 324. JSTOR 40647101.
  16. ^ a b c Holt, Gordon J (2 May 1985). "Equipment Reports: Meridian MCD CD Player" (PDF). Stereophile. pp. 56–58. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  17. ^ Atkinson, John (18 April 2017). "Meridian Audio Ultra DAC D/A processor". Stereophile. Retrieved 21 April 2021. Check |archive-url= value (help)
  18. ^ "Best of the Best 2011: Audio: Meridian Sooloos Digital Media System". Robb Report. 1 June 2011. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013.
  19. ^ "CEA Announces Winners of 2010 Mark of Excellence Awards". Business Wire. 29 April 2010. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Meridian 810 Reference Video System". Robb Report. 1 June 2009. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  21. ^ "Innovation 2009: Design and Engineering Awards". CE.org. 6 February 2009. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  22. ^ "Meridian". Gramophone. May 1999. p. 193.
  23. ^ "Audio components from Kenneth D Fairey's mid 1970s to mid 1980s high fidelity audio system". Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences (Powerhouse Museum). 25 July 2014. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  24. ^ "AP3 power amplifier". Victoria and Albert Museum.

External links[edit]