Meron Benvenisti (Hebrew: מירון בנבנשתי, born April 21, 1934) is an Israeli political scientist who was Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem under Teddy Kollek from 1971 to 1978, during which he administered East Jerusalem and served as Jerusalem's Chief Planning Officer. Initially trained as a medievalist, he has published books and maps on the Crusaders period in the Holy Land. He later obtained a Harvard doctorate in conflict management. In 1984 he founded the West Bank Database Project, documenting social, economic, and political developments in the West Bank. Since 1992 he devotes his time to teaching as visiting lecturer (Ben-Gurion University 1994–1998, Johns Hopkins SAIS Washington DC 1982–2009), research and writing on Jerusalem, Northern Ireland conflict, Israeli- Palestinian relations, Palestinian vanished landscape, bi-nationalism and restaurant reviews. He was a fellow at The Wilson Center in Washington DC and a Visiting Fellow at Harvard's CFIA and a recipient of research grants from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation and the US institute of Peace. Between 1991 and 2009 he wrote a column for Haaretz, Israel's leading left-liberal newspaper. He holds a doctorate from Harvard's Kennedy School. He is the son of Israel Prize recipient David Benvenisti.
He has long been a critic of Israel's policies towards Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and is an advocate of the idea of a binational state. In 2004, he warned that plans to build a separation wall were actually plans for "bantustans" that would effectively imprison millions of Palestinians and exacerbate the conflict, rather than resolve it as many hoped. He said that "The day will come when believers in this illusion will realise that 'separation' is a means to oppress and dominate, and then they will mobilise to dismantle the apartheid apparatus."  In 2012, he suggested claims that Israel is an apartheid state were "wrongheaded, simplistic and dangerous," but also said the situation in Israel proper is "no less grave". He suggested that Israel is a "Herrenvolk democracy" (master race democracy) in which Israel behaves 'like a full-blooded democracy' but has a group of serfs (the Arabs) for whom democracy is suspended, creating a situation of 'extreme inequality.' In the same interview, he stated that "The separation fence: that is truly apartheid. Separation is apartheid." According to Benvenisti, the only solution is to incorporate Palestinians into the state on conditions of equality.
- Benvenisti, Meron (1976). The Crusaders in the Holy Land. Jerusalem: Israel Universities Press. OCLC 1004860416
- Benvenisti, Meron (1976): Jerusalem, the Torn City, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, ISBN 0-8166-0795-8)
- Benvenisti, Meron (1984): West Bank Data Project: A Survey of Israel's Policies, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, ISBN 0-8447-3544-2
- Benvenisti, Meron (1988): Conflicts and Contradictions, Villard, ISBN 0-394-53647-9
- Benvenisti, Meron (1995): Intimate Enemies: Jews and Arabs in a Shared Land University of California Press ISBN 0-520-08567-1
- Benvenisti, Meron (1996): City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem University of California Press ISBN 0-520-20521-9
- Benvenisti, Meron (2002): Sacred Landscape: Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23422-7
- Benvenisti, Meron (2007): Sons of the Cypresses: Memories, Reflections and Regrets from a Political Life. University of California Press ISBN 978-0-5202-3825-1
- Benvenisti, Meron (2012), The Dream of the White Sabra ISBN 978-9-6507-2031-5 (Hebrew)
- Meron Benvenisti (3 January 2002). "Either a Zionist or a terrorist". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (17 January 2002). "Systematically burying ourselves". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (26 September 2002). "The homeland purified of Arabs". Haaretz. (about Sataf)
- Meron Benvenisti (10 October 2002). "Loving 'the homeland'". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (7 November 2002). "The binational option". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (21 November 2002). "The never-ending enterprise". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (19 December 2002). "A tank under the Christmas tree". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (13 March 2003). "Prime minister of what?". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (10 April 2003). "The true test of the imperial pretension". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (24 April 2003). "The capital nobody wants to lead". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (3 July 2003). "The High Court and fear of return". Haaretz. (about Ikrit)
- Meron Benvenisti (31 July 2003). "When will Israel become a homeland?". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (8 August 2003). "Cry, the beloved two-state solution (Part 2)". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 10 March 2008.
- Meron Benvenisti (28 August 2003). "A wall against fear". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (6 November 2003). "Defensive walls of self-righteousness". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (20 November 2003). "Which kind of binational state?". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (26 April 2004). "Bantustan plan for an apartheid Israel". The Guardian.
- Meron Benvenisti (9 February 2006). "The hypocrisy of tolerance". Haaretz.
- Meron Benvenisti (29 May 2008). "A lull of no return". Haaretz. (on the possible/probable de facto long-term political division between Gaza and the West Bank and its effects on both Israel and the Palestinians)
- "Intimate Enemies : Meron Benvenisti – University of California Press". Ucpress.edu. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- "The rebellious son". The Jerusalem Post. 3 June 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2011.[dead link]
- Meron Benvenisti (26 April 2004). "Bantustan plan for an apartheid Israel". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Ari Shavit (11 October 2012). "Jerusalem-born thinker Meron Benvenisti has a message for Israelis: Stop whining,". Haaretz. Retrieved 10 January 2014.