Merope (star)

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Merope
M45map.jpg
Merope is close to Alcyone (map bottom).
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Taurus
Right ascension 03h 46m 19.5739s[1]
Declination 23° 56′ 54.090″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.113[1]
Characteristics
Spectral type B6IVe[1]
U−B color index -0.41
B−V color index -0.06[2]
Variable type Beta Cephei
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) 6.2[1] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 21.17[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -42.67[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 9.08 ± 1.04[3] mas
Distance approx. 360 ly
(approx. 110 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −1.07
Details
Radius 5.1[4] R
Surface gravity (log g) 4.0[4] cgs
Temperature 13,360 ± 340[4] K
Other designations
Merope, 23 Tau, HR 1156, BD 23° 522, HD 23480, HIP 17608, SAO 76172, GC 4512, CCDM J03463+2357A
Database references
SIMBAD data

Merope, designated 23 Tauri (abbreviated 23 Tau), is a star in the constellation of Taurus and a member of the Pleiades star cluster. It is approximately 360 light years from the Sun.

Merope is a blue-white B-type subgiant with a mean apparent magnitude of +4.14. Richard Hinckley Allen described the star as lucid white and violet.[5] It has a luminosity of 630 times that of the Sun and a surface temperature of 14,000 kelvins. Merope's mass is roughly 4.5 solar masses and has a radius more than 4 times as great as the Sun's. It is classified as a Beta Cephei type variable star and its brightness varies by 0.01 magnitudes.

Surrounding Merope is the Merope Nebula. Part of the nebula that the Pleiades Cluster is currently passing through, it appears brightest around Merope and is listed in the Index Catalogue as number IC 349.

Nomenclature[edit]

23 Tauri is the star's Flamsteed designation. The name Merope originates with Greek mythology; she is one of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione known as the Pleiades. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[6] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016[7] included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN; which included Merope for this star. It is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g SIMBAD query result: MEROPE -- Be Star, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2010-06-12 
  2. ^ Crawford, D. L.; Barnes, J. V.; Golson, J. C. (1971), "Four-color, Hbeta, and UBV photometry for bright B-type stars in the northern hemisphere", The Astronomical Journal, 76: 1058, Bibcode:1971AJ.....76.1058C, doi:10.1086/111220 
  3. ^ Perryman, M. A. C.; et al. (1997), "The HIPPARCOS Catalogue", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 323, 34: 1–49, L49–L52, Bibcode:1997A&A...323L..49P 
  4. ^ a b c Underhill, A. B.; et al. (November 1979), "Effective temperatures, angular diameters, distances and linear radii for 160 O and B stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 189: 601–605, Bibcode:1979MNRAS.189..601U, doi:10.1093/mnras/189.3.601 
  5. ^ Merope, Star Names and their Meanings, Richard Hinckley Allen, Dover Publications, 1963, p. 407.
  6. ^ "IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)". Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 1" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 28 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 03h 46m 19.5739s, +23° 56′ 54.090″