Merriweather Post Pavilion
Jim James performing at the Merriweather Post Pavilion on August 12, 2011
|Address||10475 Little Patuxent Parkway|
|Owner||The Howard Hughes Corporation|
|Architect||Gehry, Walsh, & O'Malley|
Merriweather Post Pavilion is an outdoor concert venue located within Symphony Woods, a 40-acre (162,000-m²) lot of preserved land in the heart of the planned community of Columbia, Maryland. In 2010, Merriweather was named the second best amphitheater in the United States by Billboard magazine. The venue was also ranked as the fourth best amphitheater in the United States by Rolling Stone in 2013.
Merriweather Post Pavilion was commissioned by the Rouse Company for its Howard County development project Columbia. The first design was rejected and the theatre was redesigned by award-winning architect Frank Gehry and N. David O'Malley with the firm of Gehry, Walsh and O'Malley. It opened in 1967 on the former grounds of the Oakland Manor slave plantation. It is named for the American Post Foods heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post who promised and withdrew donations to Rouse for the facility. The theatre was originally intended to be a summer home for the National Symphony Orchestra, it later became a venue for popular music concerts, including performances by Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Led Zeppelin, The Grateful Dead, and The Who.
A grand opening gala was held on 15 July 1967, Vice President Hubert Humphrey attended a presentation of "Columbia: Broadsides for Orchestra" in a driving rainstorm that flooded the orchestra to its knees. The Orchestra went bankrupt the next year. In the 1968 season, controversial presidential candidate George Wallace held a 7500-person rally on June 27, 1968, followed shortly after by candidate Eugene McCarthy. In 1970, Columbia's manager Richard Anderson dropped bookings of rock venues after gate crashing and disturbances at a Steppenwolf concert. The Nederlander Organization began managing the venue in 1971. By 1972, the music shifted from Rouse & Merriweather's vision of symphonies to rock venues, and Charles E. Miller proposed bills that would disallow performances of entertainers with a history of violence in venues with a capacity of 3,000 or more. In the summer of 1974, Howard Research and Development manager Micheal Spear banned rock music after incidents, listing Alice Cooper, Grateful Dead, and Edgar Winter as artists that were unacceptable.
As of 2005, Jimmy Buffett had performed at Merriweather Post Pavilion 42 times, the most by any act.
In 2005, Howard County held a charrette to discuss redevelopment of the Rouse Planned community beyond its initial 100,000 population design. In 2010, The Downtown Columbia Plan passed, requiring the developer General Growth Properties, (Now The Howard Hughes Corporation) to renovate Merriweather before additional development could occur in Columbia. In 2014, County Executive Ken Ulman proposed a bill to relieve Howard Hughes of the renovation expense including a $10 million grant. The final plan which only granted $9.5 million to the developer was announced at a Jack Johnson concert on June 5, 2014, removing a major development restriction.
In 2013, former Rouse employee Michael McCall proposed county executive-backed plans to convert the wooded land called Symphony Woods surrounding the pavilion. McCall's company, Strategic Leisure, first proposed a $50 million publicly funded six-story parking garage at the Toby's Dinner Theatre location; later proposals included a 39-acre arts park with features such as an outdoor amphitheater called the Chrysalis, a 300-foot-long floating picnic table, and an 800-foot-long tube called the Caterpillar. The new project was named the "Inner Arbor", a spin on another Rouse development, Baltimore's "Inner Harbor". Artist William Cochran, son of former County Executive Edward L. Cochran, and brother of Councilwoman Courtney Watson, was commissioned for artwork that includes horns up to 28 feet tall.
The majority of the wooded and open field land surrounding Symphony Woods and Merriweather served as a park, festival site, event parking, and site of yearly Symphony of Lights Christmas light displays. As part of the redevelopment initiative, the owner Howard Hughes Corp rezoned the land for a project called the "Crescent", which would relocate the Banneker fire department, redevelop the area into 2,100 homes and 1,125,000 square feet of general and medical office space, in 20-story-high buildings. The Crescent project gets its name from the shape of the work area surrounding the pavilion, as well as Rouse's (Howard Hughes') partnership with Crescent Real Estate Equities on its Woodlands development.
In August 2014, the site made national news when 2 patrons died and 20 others were hospitalized from drug overdoses after a Mad Decent concert. Venues across the country implemented stricter drug enforcement controls after the incident.
Merriweather Post draws a regional traffic base with 90% of concert attendees travelling from outside of Howard County.
In 2015, the Howard County Planning Board approved a submission by Brian Spencer, a registered lobbyist and project manager by Howard Hughes. The $8.4 million design by Jamie Pett (JP2 architects) includes renovation with new concession stands around the 9:32 club and replacement of the condemned restrooms.
In Popular Culture
- Three tracks from Jackson Browne's Running on Empty were recorded at the pavilion on August 27, 1977.
- Animal Collective's critically acclaimed 2009 album Merriweather Post Pavilion is named in tribute to the pavilion, though the band did not actually perform there until 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Merriweather Post Pavilion.|
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- "The Best Amphitheaters in America: Merriweather Post Pavilion, Columbia, Maryland". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Joseph Rocco Mitchell, David L. Stebenne. New City Upon a Hill. p. 89.
- Baltimore Magazine: 81. September 2005. Missing or empty
- "About Us". Merriweather Post Pavilion. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
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- "Symphony Gala Ends as Okefenokee of the arts". The New York Times. 18 July 1967.
- "Speech Set By McCarthy At Columbia". The Washington Post. July 11, 1968.
- Peter A. Jay (June 28, 1968). "Wallace Hits Riots, Dubs D.C. a Jungle: Wallace Raps Crime, Riots, Calls Washington a 'Jungle'". The Washington Post.
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- Lindsey McPherson (March 30, 2012). "Ulman's $175 million capital budget focuses on schools, roadways". ExploreHoward.
- "General Plan Amendment on Downtown Columbia". Retrieved June 1, 2014.
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- Luke Lavoie (May 16, 2014). "Town Center board asks Howard Council to pull Inner Arbor funding; $1.5 million pledged in county budget". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Janene Holzberg (March 2, 2014). "Cochran making a sound contribution to his hometown of Columbia; Renowned artist creates multi-horn concept for Symphony Woods". The Baltimore Sun.
- Luke Lavoie (March 19, 2014). "Urban streetscape planned for downtown Columbia's crescent". The Baltimore Sun.
- SECinfo.com. http://www.secinfo.com/dsvrp.88U1.htm#Dates
- "Strict drug safety measures at Mad Decent Block Party event in Brooklyn". Retrieved 14 August 2014.
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- Luke Lavoie (29 January 2015). "Merriweather Renovations Poised to Start". The Columbia Flier. p. 10.