|Born||December 25, 1948|
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Merry Clayton (born December 25, 1948) is an American soul and gospel singer and an actress. She provided a number of backing vocal tracks for major performing artists in the 1960s, most notably in her duet with Mick Jagger on the Rolling Stones song "Gimme Shelter". Clayton is featured in 20 Feet from Stardom, the Oscar-winning documentary about background singers and their contributions to the music industry. In 2013, she released The Best of Merry Clayton, a compilation of her favorite songs.
Clayton was born in Gert Town, New Orleans, Louisiana. She was born on Christmas Day, and earned her name due to the holiday. She is the daughter of Eva B. Clayton and Reverend A.G. Williams Sr. Clayton was raised in New Orleans as a Christian, and spent much of her time in her father’s parish, New Zion Baptist Church. After moving to Los Angeles, she joined the now-famous singer group The Blossoms.
Clayton began her recording career in 1962 at the age of 14, singing "Who Can I Count On? (When I Can't Count on You)" as a duet with Bobby Darin on his album "You're the Reason I'm Living". In 1963 she recorded the first version of "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)", the same year that Betty Everett's version reached the Top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. Early in her career Merry performed (as one of the Raelettes) with Ray Charles, who was the only artist her father allowed her to see live. Others include Pearl Bailey, Phil Ochs, Burt Bacharach, Tom Jones, Joe Cocker, Linda Ronstadt, Carole King, and on several tracks from Neil Young's debut album. Clayton is often credited as having recorded with Elvis Presley but her name does not appear in Elvis sessionographies.
Clayton is best known for her 1969 duet with Mick Jagger on the Rolling Stones song "Gimme Shelter", though on some releases her name is misspelled as "Mary". According to Jagger, this collaboration came about due partially to chance. Jagger states that they thought "it'd be great to have a woman come do the…chorus." They called Clayton "randomly" in the middle of the night, and she showed up to the studio "in curlers" and did the verse in a few takes, which Jagger remarked is "pretty amazing." Clayton performed the duet while pregnant, and soon afterward suffered a miscarriage; some have attributed the miscarriage to the physical strain from her exertions during the recording. The Stones had asked Bonnie Bramlett to sing on the song, but Bramlett's husband Delaney refused to let her perform with the Stones. Along with her frequent partner Clydie King, Clayton also sang backing vocals on Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Sweet Home Alabama".
In 1970, Clayton recorded her own version of "Gimme Shelter", and it became the title track of her debut solo album, released that year. Her solo version peaked at #73 on the pop charts. Her version would be the first of five singles under her name to crack the Billboard Hot 100. That same year she performed a live version of "Lift Every Voice and Sing" for the soundtrack for the Robert Altman film Brewster McCloud and also contributed vocals to Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg's film Performance. In 1971 she co-wrote the song "Sho' Nuff" about her mother. She starred as the original Acid Queen in the first London production of The Who's Tommy in 1972. The following year she featured prominently on Ringo Starr's "Oh My My", which reached Billboard's Top 10 the following year.
In the mid-1970s Clayton sang on The Blackbyrds' R&B hit "Rock Creek Park", and continued to release solo albums throughout the next decade, notching several minor R&B chart singles. Her soundtrack work continued into the 1980s, including "You're Always There When I Need You", the title track for the 1980 Get Smart film The Nude Bomb, and the song "Yes" from Dirty Dancing, which hit #45 on the Hot 100. In 1987, Clayton co-starred with Ally Sheedy in the film Maid to Order and played Verna Dee Jordan in the final season of Cagney & Lacey. In 1989, she recorded a cover of "Almost Paradise" with Eric Carmen.
She was featured in the documentary film 20 Feet from Stardom (2013), which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival and went on to win the Oscar for best documentary at the 86th Academy Awards. 20 Feet from Stardom also won the 2015 Grammy Award for Best Music Film, with the award being presented to the featured artists as well as the production crew.
In 2014, Clayton provided vocals for G. Love & Special Sauce's album Sugar.
Clayton had a miscarriage upon returning home from recording "Gimme Shelter", according to the Los Angeles Times.
On June 16, 2014, Clayton was severely injured in a car collision in Los Angeles, California. Both of Clayton's legs were later amputated at the knees due to her suffering "profound trauma to her lower extremities" as a result of the accident.
|1975||Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow||Ode||146||50|
|2013||The Best of Merry Clayton||Ode/Sony||—||—|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
|1970||"Gimme Shelter"||73||—||—||Gimme Shelter|
|1972||"After All This Time"||71||42||—||Merry Clayton|
|1973||"Oh No Not My Baby"||72||30||—||Non-album song|
|1975||"Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow"||45||42||—||Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow|
|1988||"Yes"||45||79||70||Dirty Dancing (soundtrack)|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
|1984||Blame It on the Night||Herself|
|1987||Maid to Order||Audrey James|
|2013||20 Feet from Stardom||Herself|
- True, Rovi Christopher. "Merry Clayton Biography". AOL Music. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012.
- [dead link]"No. 1 in May 1991 an excerpt from The Best of 1000 UK No.1 Hits". Omnibus Press. Retrieved May 11, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- 20 Feet from Stardom. Dir. Morgan Neville. Perf. Darlene Love, Merry Clayton, Judith Hill, Jo Lawry. N.p., n.d. Web.
- Jorgensen, Ernst (1998). Elvis Presley: A Life in Music: The Complete Recording Sessions. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312185723.
- Springer, Mike. "Mick Jagger Tells the Story Behind 'Gimme Shelter' and Merry Clayton's Haunting Background Vocals".
- "For Clayton, The Gloom is Gone".
- Paytress, Mark (2003). The Rolling Stones: Off the Record. Omnibus Press. p. 181. ISBN 9780711988699.
- Clydie King, Top-Tier Backup Singer on Big Hits, Is Dead at 75
- Dupree, Tom (October 24, 1974). "Lynyrd Skynyrd in Sweet Home Atlanta". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 27, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2006.
- "Merry Clayton- Gimme Shelter". Discogs.com. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Heckman, Don (July 16, 1972). "Merry Clayton from 'Newahlins.'". The New York Times. pp. D11, D22, D24.
- "WhoSampled." WhoSampled. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2017. <http://www.whosampled.com/Merry-Clayton/sampled/?ob=2>.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- Voce, Steve (June 11, 2002). "Obituary: Curtis Amy". The Independent.
- Crazy Horse, Kandia (2004). Rip It Up: The Black Experience in Rock N Roll (First ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 205. ISBN 1-4039-6243-X.
- Snowden, Don (March 13, 1986). "For Clayton, The Gloom Is Gone". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Lifton, Dave (June 20, 2014). "Legendary Singer Merry Clayton Seriously Injured in Car Accident". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- "The Best of Merry Clayton". Amazon (company). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 110. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
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