Merta City

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Merta City
City
The Mirabai Smarak at Merta City
The Mirabai Smarak at Merta City
Nickname(s): 
Meera Nagari
Merta City is located in Rajasthan
Merta City
Merta City
Location in Rajasthan
Coordinates: 26°39′00″N 74°02′00″E / 26.6500°N 74.0333°E / 26.6500; 74.0333Coordinates: 26°39′00″N 74°02′00″E / 26.6500°N 74.0333°E / 26.6500; 74.0333
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictNagaur
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
Elevation
312 m (1,024 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total40,221
• Culture Language - Rajasthani.
• Commonly Use - Marwadi , Hindi , English.
Time zoneGMT+5:30
PIN
341510

Merta City is a city and a municipality located in Nagaur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Pin code of Merta is 341510.[1] Famous personalities of Merta city are Meerabai , devotee of Lord Krishna Bollywood producer and director K. C. Bokadia, and the leading CFO B. R. Jaju and Priyanka Birla, first lady chartered accountant of the city.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Merta City had a population of 40,252. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Merta City has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 48% (Ms. Priyanka Prem Birla being the first lady Chartered Accountant of the town) About 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Merta City is a holy city for Hindus as it is the birthplace of Meera bai the famous Devotee of Lord Krishna.

History[edit]

Chaturbhujnath Meera temple complex

Merta was once a prosperous kingdom of the brave Mertia Rathore Rajputs,[3] the descendants of Rao Duda, Ruler of Merta (1495-1525 AD), fourth son of Rao Jodha, and grandfather of fabled saint Princess Mira Bai, daughter in law of Rana Sanga of Mewar.[4]

Later, out of jealousy, during the reign of Rao Veeramdev, Merta was attacked by Rao Maldeo Rathore of Jodhpur, the head of the Rathore clan. Thereafter, Viramdev established rule at Degana, Parbatsar and Ajmer respectively, but was dethroned again. Being highly demoralized, he took refuge at Amarsar, the Shekhawat capital and after a year persuaded Sur Emperor Sher Shah Suri to attack Jodhpur. When Sher Shah attacked Jodhpur in the Battle of Sammel. It is in this context, the Emperor said - Mutthi bhar bajre ke liye main dilli ki gaddi kho baithta, meaning 'I would have lost the throne of Delhi for a fistful of Pearl Millet (the Barren Land of Marwar). One of the significant consequence of the war was regain of Merta throne by Rao Viramdev Mertia, whose son, Rao Jaimal succeeded him and in tune with the traditions of the brave clan added four moons to the glory of Merta. Rao Jaimal (1544-1568 AD) was also the commander of Mewar where his cousin sister Mira Bai was married into the Sisodia Royal Family. As against submissive Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and various other Rajput Kingdoms, only Merta and Mewar refused to give daughters to Mughals. When Akbar attacked Mewar, with an army around 100,000 men, Rao Jaimal, the commander of Mewar, fought fiercely but was killed in battle. Merta was soon merged with Jodhpur State and 14 his sons were given small principalities nearby.

The same spirit was shown by many descendants of the Mertia Royal Family, including the Chiefs of Rian, Methri and Alniyawas who fought against the rebels of Kumpawat clan in the battle of Merta in 1790 AD and suffered mass annihilation. One of the scion of the family who rose to prominence during the reign of Padshah Aurangzeb was Maharaja Raghunath Singh Mertia (1660-1683 AD), who conquered Maroth or Gaurawati and is ancestor of the rulers of Panch Mahal Maroth.

Villages near Merta city[edit]

1. Dangawas

2. Gamliyawas

3. Morra

4. Sogawas

5. Kheduli

6. Indawar

7. Kalru

8. Mokalpur

9. Lamba Jatan

10. Badgaon

11. Merta Road

12. Ren

13. Dhadhasni

14. Jarora Khurd

15. Jarora Kalan

16. Jarora Charan

17. Band Ki Dhani known as 'Surya Nagar'

18. Katyasni

19. Bhuriyasani

20. Lai

21. Riyan Shayamas

22. Riyan Bari

23. Kumpdash

24. Chapari

25. Padu Kallan

26. Bedavri

27. Riyan Baddi

28. Lanch Ki Dhani

29 Bhola Nagar Dango Ki dhani

30. Gawardi

31. Karkwal

32. Basni Sumer

33. Faraspura

34. Jalwana

35. Bayad

36. Gotan

37. Bitan

38. Satlawas

39. Bhilawas

40. Basni Seja

41. Ganthiya

42. Gagrana

43. Dhadhasani

44. Pundlu[5]

Transport[edit]

Diesel locomotives halted at Merta Road Junction railway station

Merta City is off the Jodhpur-Bathinda line but with a link. Merta city is middle point of Rajasthan so transport facilities are very easy.

1) 15 km away from Merta Road Railway Junction

2) 35 km away from Butati Dham

3) 60 km Away from Pushkar

4) 80 km away from Ajmer

5) 120 km away from Jodhpur

6) 250 km away from Jaipur (capital)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Merta City Pin code". citypincode.in. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~princelystates/states/m/merta.html
  4. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~princelystates/img/mertiya.jpg
  5. ^ "https://www.timeofrajasthan.com/". Retrieved 23 October 2019. External link in |title= (help)