Mertens, Texas

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Mertens, Texas
Town
Location of Mertens, Texas
Location of Mertens, Texas
Hill County Mertens.svg
Coordinates: 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500Coordinates: 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500
Country United States
State Texas
County Hill
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 538 ft (164 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 146
 • Density 332.3/sq mi (128.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76666
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-47820[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341393[2]

Mertens is a town located in Hill County in Central Texas. It is located along State Highway 22. The population was 125 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Mertens is located at 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500 (32.058545, -96.894887).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.

Historical development[edit]

The first settlers arrived at this location in the late 1880s. During this time, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway was constructed through the area on its way from Corsicana to Hillsboro. The town's name originated from the engineer's wife of the first train that traveled though.[4] In 1888, the post office opened and within 4 years, a bank was established with the population just above 75 residents. The International – Great Northern Railroad reached the community on its way from Italy to Malone during this time, creating a crossroads with the railways. The town became incorporated in 1914 with electric power reaching the city the year after.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 342
1930 338 −1.2%
1940 251 −25.7%
1950 210 −16.3%
1960 104 −50.5%
1970 109 4.8%
1980 133 22.0%
1990 104 −21.8%
2000 146 40.4%
2010 125 −14.4%
Est. 2015 124 [5] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 146 people, 58 households, and 42 families residing in the town. The population density was 332.3 people per square mile (128.1/km²). There were 65 housing units at an average density of 148.0 per square mile (57.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.25% White, 4.11% Native American, 10.96% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.

There were 58 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 111.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,422. There were 12.0% of families and 23.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 51.4% of under eighteens and 13.2% of those over 64.

Education[edit]

The Town of Mertens is served by the Frost Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b Lisa C. Maxwell . "Mertens, Texas." Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.