Meru County

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Miiru
Meru County
Lake Michaelson is in the background
Lake Michaelson is in the background
Flag of Miiru
Flag
Coat of arms of Miiru
Coat of arms
Location of Meru County in Kenya
Location of Meru County in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°3′N 37°38′E / 0.050°N 37.633°E / 0.050; 37.633Coordinates: 0°3′N 37°38′E / 0.050°N 37.633°E / 0.050; 37.633
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
Capital and largest townMeru
Government
 • GovernorKiraitu Murungi
Area
 • Total7,006 km2 (2,705 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total1,545,714
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Websitemeru.go.ke

Position, Location and Size[edit]

Meru County is one of the 47 counties of Kenya, located in the former Eastern Province. The county lies between 0o6' North and 0o1' South and between latitudes 37o West and 38o East. It borders Isiolo County to the North, Tharaka/Nithi County to the East, Nyeri County to the South West and Laikipia County to the West. It covers a total area of 7,006 Km2 out of which with part of it 972.3Km2 being gazetted as forest.[2]

It has a population of 1.55 million people.[3] Meru County is the home of the Ngaa people (Meru), who are related to other ethnicities living around the Mount Kenya region: the Kikuyu, Embu people and to some extent the Kamba people Also, peoples from the east coast of Kenya, along the Indian Ocean, like the Bajuni, Swahili, Mijikenda, and further inland, the Taita, Taveta and westwards to the Lake Victoria coast, the Kisii and Maragoli as well as other Luhya people, are all related to the Meru.[4]

The county headquarters is in the town of Meru. The current governor of Meru County is Hon. Kiraitu Murungi of Jubilee Party. The deputy governor is Titus Ntuchiu and the women representative is Kawira Mwangaza.

Physical and Topographic Features[edit]

Mount Kenya (now politically divided between Meru and other counties) has been greatly influenced by the climate of the coast especially the eastern slopes of the mountain with Altitude ranges from 300m to 5,199m above sea level. Many rivers have theirs streams originating from the mount Kenya and Nyambane streams. Tana and Ewaso Nyiro Rivers are highly depended for domestic and agricultural use.[5]

Climatic Conditions[edit]

The county experience an average temperature range between 8c at the minimum and 32c being the highest. Annual rainfall ranges between 300mm per annum on the lower midlands to 2500mm in the South East. Long rains fall from mid-March to May and short rains begins from October to December.[6]

Demographics[edit]

The county has a total population of 987,653 of which 489,691 are males, 497,942 females and 20 intersex persons. There are 244,669 household with an average household size of 4.0 persons per household and a population density 6 people per square kilometre.[7]

Administrative and Political Units[edit]

Administrative Units[edit]

There are nine sub counties, thirty five divisions, one hundred and sixty one locations and three hundred and eighty six sub-locations.[8]

Sub-Counties[edit]

  • Buuri Sub-County
  • Igembe North Sub-County
  • Igembe South Sub-County
  • Igembe Central Sub-County
  • Imenti North Sub-County
  • Imenti South Sub-County
  • Meru Central Sub-County
  • Tigania East Sub-County
  • Tigania West Sub-County

Political Units[edit]

It has nine constituencies and forty five county assembly wards.[9]

Constituencies[edit]
  1. Buuri Constituency
  2. Igembe North Constituency
  3. Igembe Central Constituency
  4. Igembe South Constituency
  5. North Imenti Constituency
  6. South Imenti Constituency
  7. Central Imenti Constituency
  8. Tigania East Constituency
  9. Tigania West Constituency

Political Leadership[edit]

Kiraitu Murungi[10] is the second governor and was first elected 2017 general elections after Defeating the Peter Munya the first governor.[11] Peter Munya[12] was later appointed by president Uhuru Kenya into his cabinet as Ministry of Trade and Industrialization and later transferred to Ministry of Agriculture to replace the Mwangi Kinjuri after being sacked.[13] His deputy is Titus Ntuchiu Mutea. Franklin Mithika Linturi[14]

is the Senator and replaced Kiraitu Murungi in 2017 after the latter opted to run for governorship position.[15] Kawira Mwangaza[16] is the second elected women representative and she won in 2017 against Florence Kajuju[17] who was the first elected women representative.[18]

For Meru County, the County Executive Committee comprises:[19]

County Executive Committee
Number
The Governor 1
The Deputy Governor 1
The County Secretary 1
The CEC Members 10
Total 13

Source[20]

Members of Parliament 2017-2022 (Meru County)[edit]

  1. Bonface Gatobu Kinoti[21] as an Independent Candidate Member of Parliament Buuri Constituency.[22]
  2. Richard Maore Maoka[23] of The National Alliance (TNA) Member of Parliament Igembe North Constituency.[24]
  3. Cyprian Kubai Iringo[25] of Orange Democratic Party (ODM) Member of Parliament Igembe Central Constituency.[26]
  4. Mithika Franklin Linturi[27] of The National Alliance (TNA) Member of Parliament Igembe South Constituency.[28]
  5. Abdul Rahim Dawood[29] of Alliance Party of Kenya (APK) Member of Parliament North Imenti Constituency.[30]
  6. Kathuri Murungi[31] of The National Alliance (TNA) Member of Parliament South Imenti Constituency.[32]
  7. Gideon Mwiti Irea[33] Member of Parliament Central Imenti Constituency.[34]
  8. Kabeabea, Josphat Gichunge Mwirabua[35] of Party of National Unity (PNU) Member of Parliament Tigania East Constituency.[36]
  9. Dr. John K. Mutunga[37] Jubilee Party (JP) Member of Parliament Tigania West Constituency[38]

Education[edit]

There are 1,437 ECD centres 1,030 primary schools and 372 secondary schools. The county has also 7 tertiary institutions, 6 special schools 7, 483 adult education centres and 7 university campuses. Meru university of science and technology and Meru national polytechnic are the largest education centers in Meru county[39]

Health[edit]

There is a total of 460 health facilities, 995 hospital beds and 73 cots in the county. County has 1325 health personnel of different cadre.[40]

HIV prevalence rate was 2.9% in 2017 lower than the national rate of 5.9%.[41]

Transport[edit]

The county is covered by 1,259.9 Km of road network ac. of this 767.5 km is covered by earth surface, 266.7 km is marram surface and 225.7 km of surface is covered by Bitumen.[42][43]

However, during the rainy seasons, some sections of gravel and earth surface roads are impassable. The major tarmac roads in the county includes: Embu-Meru -Maua; Meru - Nanyuki; Meru - Mikinduri; Meru- Githogo; and Meru-Ruiri -Isiolo roads. The county is served by one airstrip; Gaitu airstrip in Meru Central which has been improved to serve more flights.

Posts and Telecommunications[edit]

There are six post offices and four sub-post offices with 7,600 installed letter boxes, 5,937 rented letter boxes, 1,663 vacant letter boxes with numerous registered stamp vendors in the county. The six post offices are in Meru, Maua, Nkubu, Timau, Muthara and Laare towns which offer mail services and parcel delivery among other services. Most private and public organizations have embraced ICT in the day-to-day operations. Private entrepreneurs have continued to set up cyber cafes in major towns and trading centers due to high demand for internet services among others. Most of the areas in the county are covered by mobile phone network with the coverage being 95per cent. Areas without mobile network coverage are mainly areas of Tigania bordering Isiolo. Most of the community members rely on radio, Television and Newspapers as the major sources of information.

History[edit]

In 1992, the former Meru District was split into Meru Central District, Meru North District, Meru South District, and Tharaka District[44] In 1998, Tharaka District was again split into Nithi District and Tharaka District. A Supreme Court decision in September 2009 ruled that the split had been unconstitutional, and the first two of these were re-amalgamated into Meru District, which became Meru County in 2010. The same ruling amalgamated Meru South, Tharaka and Nithi districts into Tharaka-Nithi District, which became Tharaka-Nithi County in 2010.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19991,102,930—    
20091,356,301+23.0%
20191,545,714+14.0%
source:[45]
Constituency Name Number of wards Wards
Imenti North 5 Municipality, Ntima East, Ntima West, Nyaki East, Nyaki West
Imenti South 6 Abogeta East, Abogeta West, Igoji West, Igoji East,Nkuene, Mitunguu
Imenti Central 4 Abothuguchi Central, Abothuguchi West, Kiagu, Mwanganthia
Buuri 5 Kiirua Naari, Timau, Kisima, Kibirichia, Ruiri Rwarera
Tigania West 5 Kianjai, Nkomo,Mbeu, Akiithi, Athwana
Tigania East 5 Muthara, Special, Karama, Kiguchwa, Mikinduri, Thangatha
Igembe Central 5 Kangetra, Njia, Igembe East, Akirang'ondu, Athiru Ruujine
Igembe South 5 Akachiu, Kanuni, Kegoi Antobuchiu, Maua, Athiru Gaiti
Igembe North 5 Amwathi, Naathu, Antubetwe Kiongo, Antuambui, Ntuene
Total 45

Villages and settlements[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/36672705/Kenya-Census-2009
  2. ^ Meru County Integrated Development Plan CIDP 2018-2022. Mer County. 2018. p. 2.
  3. ^ "About Meru – Discover Meru County". Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Meru County Government". Meru County Government. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  5. ^ Meru County Integrated Development Plan CIDP 2018-2022. Meru County. 2018. p. 3.
  6. ^ "CoG Reports". www.cog.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  7. ^ Munene, Evans (4 November 2019). "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government". Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government. Archived from the original on 2 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  9. ^ "The Report of the Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission (IIBRC): Delimitation of Constituencies and Recommendations on Local Authority Electoral Units and Administrative Boundaries for Districts and Other Units" (PDF). Interim Independent Boundaries Review Commission. 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Kiraitu Murungi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Governors & Deputy Governors". cog.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Peter Munya". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Kiunjuri sacked, Munya replaces him in new Cabinet changes - County Review". www.countyreview.co.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Franklin Mithika Linturi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Members of the Senate | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Kawira Mwangaza Mwenda". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Florence Kajuju". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Women Representatives | KEWOPA KENYA". Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  19. ^ "179. County executive committees - Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC)". www.klrc.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  20. ^ "179. County executive committees - Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC)". www.klrc.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Boniface Gatobu Kinoti". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Kinoti, Boniface Gatobu | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Richard Maore Maoka". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Hon. Maoka, Richard Maore | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Cyprian Kubai Iringo". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Hon. Iringo, Cyprian Kubai | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Franklin Mithika Linturi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  28. ^ "Sen. Linturi Franklin Mithika | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Abdul Rahim Dawood". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Hon. Dawood, Abdul Rahim | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Kathuri Murungi". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Hon. Murungi, Kathuri | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  33. ^ "Gideon Mwiti Irea". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  34. ^ "Irea, Gideon Mwiti | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Josphat Gichunge Mwirabua Kabeabea". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Hon. Kabeabea, Josphat Gichunge Mwirabua | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  37. ^ "John Kanyuithia Mutunga". Mzalendo. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  38. ^ "Hon. Mutunga, John Kanyuithia | The Kenyan Parliament Website". www.parliament.go.ke. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  39. ^ "Meru County Government". Meru County Government. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  40. ^ "Meru County Government". Meru County Government. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Kenya HIV Estimates Report 2018" (PDF). National AIDS Control Council. 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Kenya Urban Roads Authority". kura.go.ke. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  43. ^ "Kenya Urban Roads Authority". www.kerra.go.ke. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  44. ^ "About Meru County in Kenya". www.kenya-information-guide.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  45. ^ Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics

External links[edit]