Meruliaceae

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Meruliaceae
Merulius tremellosus - Lindsey.jpg
Merulius tremellosus, member of the Meruliaceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Meruliaceae
Rea (1922)
Type genus
Merulius
Fr. (1821)
Synonyms[1]

The Meruliaceae are a family of fungi in the order Polyporales. According to a 2008 estimate, the family contains 47 genera and 420 species.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The family was formally circumscribed by English mycologist Carleton Rea in 1922, with Merulius as the type genus. He also included the genera Phlebia, Coniophora (now placed in the Coniophoraceae), and Coniophorella (now considered a synonym of Coniophora). His description of the Meruliaceae was as follows: "Hymenium spread over veins, anastomosing pores, or quite smooth; edge of veins or pores fertile."[3] Several genera formerly classified in the Meruliaceae were moved to the family Steccherinaceae based on molecular evidence.[4][5]

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Meruliaceae Rea 1922". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  2. ^ Kirk, P.M.; Cannon, P.F.; Minter, D.W.; Stalpers, J.A. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 419. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Rea, Carleton (1922). British Basidiomycetae: a Handbook to the Larger British Fungi. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 620. 
  4. ^ Miettinen, Otto; Larsson, Ellen; Sjökvist, Elisabet; Larsson, Karl-Henrik (2012). "Comprehensive taxon sampling reveals unaccounted diversity and morphological plasticity in a group of dimitic polypores (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)" (PDF). Cladistics. 28: 251–270. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00380.x. 
  5. ^ Miettinen, Otto; Ryvarden, Leif (2016). "Polypore genera Antella, Austeria, Butyrea, Citripora, Metuloidea and Trulla (Steccherinaceae, Polyporales)". Annales Botanici Fennici. 53 (3–4): 157–172. doi:10.5735/085.053.0403. 
  6. ^ Chen, Jia-Jia; Cui, Bao-Kai (2014). "Phlebiporia bubalina gen. et. sp. nov. (Meruliaceae, Polyporales) from southwest China with a preliminary phylogeny based on rDNA sequences". Mycological Progress. 13 (3): 563–573. doi:10.1007/s11557-013-0940-4.