Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis
|Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis|
|Renal corpuscle. Intraglomerular mesangium is #5a.|
|Classification and external resources|
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is a form of glomerulonephritis associated primarily with the mesangium. There is some evidence that interleukin-10 may inhibit it in an animal model. It is classified as type II lupus nephritis by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Mesangial cells in the renal glomerulus use endocytosis to take up and degrade circulating immunoglobulin. This normal process stimulates mesangial cell proliferation and matrix deposition. Therefore, during times of elevated circulating immunoglobulin (i.e. lupus and IgA nephropathy) one would expect to see an increased number of mesangial cells and matrix in the glomerulus. This is characteristic of nephritic syndromes.
- "Definition: mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis from Online Medical Dictionary".
- Kitching AR, Katerelos M, Mudge SJ, Tipping PG, Power DA, Holdsworth SR (April 2002). "Interleukin-10 inhibits experimental mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis". Clin. Exp. Immunol. 128 (1): 36–43. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2249.2002.01793.x. PMC . PMID 11982588.
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