Mesenteric cyst

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A mesenteric cyst (MeSH C04.182.473) is a cyst in the mesenterium, and is one of the rarest abdominal tumors, with approximately 822 cases reported since 1507.[1] The incidence is between 1 per 100,000 to 1 per 250,000 hospital admissions.[1]

Tillaux's triad named after the French surgeon Paul Jules Tillaux can be seen in cases of mesenteric cyst. It consists of the following signs:[2]

  • a fluctuating swelling near the umbilicus,
  • freely mobile in the direction perpendicular to the attachment of mesentry,
  • with a zone of resonance around the swelling.

It is basically of two types : 1. Chylolymphatic most common type, thin wall, lined by flat endotheliun, clear chylous fluid present, separate blood vessels 2. Enterogenous-thick wall, lined by columnar, mucinous fluid present common blood supply

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Liew, S. C.; Glenn, D. C.; Storey, D. W. (1994). "Mesenteric cyst". The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery. 64 (11): 741–744. doi:10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb04530.x. PMID 7945079.
  2. ^ Goel, Trilok Chandra; Goel, Apul (2016-12-21). Lymphatic Filariasis. ISBN 9789811022579.