|Born||2 December 1923|
|Died||25 January 2019 (aged 95)|
Tel Aviv, Israel
Meshulam Riklis (Hebrew: משולם ריקליס; 2 December 1923 – 25 January 2019) was an Israeli financier and businessman.
Born in Istanbul to a Russian-Jewish family, Riklis grew up in Tel Aviv, and attended the Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium high school; before coming to the United States in 1947 with his first wife, Judith Stern, with whom he had three children: Simona (Mona), Marcia, and Ira. He studied mathematics at Ohio State University, graduating in 1950. His first significant job was as a junior stock analyst for the Minneapolis investment firm Piper Jaffray.
Riklis is credited with having originated complicated paper transactions like high-yield bonds and leveraged buyouts to take over control of major companies, then doing paper switches of the assets into companies he owned. His first significant foray was the creation in 1966 of the Rapid-American Corporation by combining his significant stake in Rapid Electrotype Company, a platemaking concern with the American Colortype Company, a maker of stereoview lithographs and dollhouse furniture. Tracing the history of Rapid American Corporation and its renamed form Glen Alden Corporation, one can find the succession of acquisitions Riklis used to create his financial empire, including; McCrory Stores, Leeds Travelware, Gruen Watch Company, Elizabeth Arden cosmetics, Aunt Nellie's Farm Kitchens, Bargain Time, Beatrice Foods, Canadian retailer Dylex, Culligan International, Fabergé Cosmetics, J. J. Newberry stores, Lerner Shops, Lawry's Meat Specialties, Martha White Foods, Odd Lot Trading, International Playtex, the Riviera hotel and casino in Las Vegas, RKO-Stanley Warner Theatres, Samsonite, and Schenley Industries, the one-time American distributor of Dewar's whisky.
After his financial empire was well established, he returned to Ohio State to complete his master's degree in Finance. His degree thesis, titled "Expansion through Financial Management" and based on his career, discussed "the effective use, or rather non-use, of cash." At the height of his financial success, he claimed in an interview with the Los Angeles Times to have had a reported net worth of a "billion dollars."
One of the many shells and holding companies he bought in the process of building the empire was E-II Holdings, in which the other investors later discovered he had placed the names of impressive companies, but not the assets. Among the investors in E-II was Carl Icahn. These investors revolted on Riklis and started seizing other properties in the financial empire.
Many of the corporations declared bankruptcy, again carefully maneuvered by Riklis to preserve his personal wealth. He famously sold his stake in the Carnival Cruise Line to Ted Arison for US$1 (while the company was US$5 million in debt). In the early 1980s, he hired Jeffrey Silver and then Boston accountant, Arthur Waltzman, to take over as CEO of his then struggling Vegas landmark Riviera Hotel and Casino and rescue it from Chapter 11 bankruptcy. He also brought on board 25-year Playboy Enterprises executive, Sam Distefano to head the resort's entertainment department and personally hire its celebrity headliners for over ten years.
Forbes Magazine reported that while at the helm of a string of his companies, Riklis left his creditors unpaid for over US$2.9 billion in debt. According to Forbes, less than 10% of this had been recovered as of 2007. In March 2013, Riklis filed for bankruptcy protection for Rapid-American Corp because of asbestos related personal injury claims brought against Rapid American through their subsidiary Philip Carey Manufacturing.
After divorcing his first wife, the 53-year-old Riklis was married to the then 23-year-old Pia Zadora on 18 September 1977. They had two children, Kady and Kristofer.
Riklis then financed the movie Butterfly, starring Zadora. Her acting in the film was lampooned by comedians and critics alike, winning her the Razzie Award for Worst Actress, but she somehow won the Golden Globe Award as New Star of the Year after a well publicized press junket paid for by Riklis, also hosted at his own Riviera Hotel. He financed two more films with Zadora; all three movies have become known as camp classics.
Riklis and Zadora then bought and demolished one of Beverly Hills' best known landmarks, Pickfair Manor, the former home of silent movie legends Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, to build a larger home on the site. They lived there until their divorce in 1993.
In 2010, aged 86, Riklis married his third wife, Tali Sinai, who was almost 40 years his junior. In 2012, his daughter, Simona, known professionally as advice columnist Mona Ackerman, predeceased her father, dying from cancer at age 66. Meshulam died in Tel Aviv on 25 January 2019, aged 95.
- ^ "Company Overview of Rapid-American Corp". Bllomberg. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- ^ "CORPORATIONS: The Rapid Riser". Time. 6 June 1960. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ "Leeds Travelwear, a division of Rapid-American Corporation – US Patent Assignee – PatentStorm". Patentstorm.us. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ "Meshulam Riklis". Nndb.com. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ Riklis, Meshulam (1966). Expansion Through Financial Management Case Studies (MBA). The Ohio State University. p. 76. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- ^ Michael A. Hiltzik (17 August 1986). "A Borrowed Empire: Meshulam Riklis, Known to Most of the World as Mr. Pia Zadora, Is a Model for Today's Corporate Raiders, a Controversial Tycoon Who Built a Financial Kingdom on Debt". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- ^ Stephanie Strom (26 May 1993). "COMPANY NEWS; E-II Holdings Wins Fight For Reorganization Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ "Riklis Family Corporation – Company Snapshot". Alacrastore.com. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ "Article on Carnival Miracle and Carnival Victory". beyondships.com.
- ^ "Frank Sinatra", Los Angeles Times, 28 September 1990. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- ^ Nathan Vardi (3 February 2000). "Magazine Article". Forbes. Archived from the original on 8 November 2002. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ "Rapid-American Files Bankruptcy Citing Asbestos Liability". Blomberg.com. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ a b DANIEL E. SLOTNIK "Mona Ackerman, Advice Columnist, Dies at 66", The New York Times, 5 December 2012.
- ^ movies.nytimes.com Archived 20 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "TheGoldenGlobes.com". TheGoldenGlobes.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ Bernard Weinraub (8 February 1993). "First Comes a Junket, Then a Golden Globe; Hollywood Is Buzzing". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- ^ Vagg, Stephen (10 March 2020). "Ten Billionaires Who Were Stung by Hollywood". Filmink.
- ^ jpost.com Archived 24 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Haring, Bruce (26 January 2019). "Meshulam Riklis Dies: Pia Zadora Husband, Billionaire Involved In Golden Globes Scandal Was 95". Deadline Hollywood.