Meskiagnun

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Meskiagnun
𒈩𒆠𒉘𒉣
King of Kish, King of Ur
Ur chariot.jpg
King at war, from the Standard of Ur.
Reignfl. circa 2600 BCE
PredecessorA'annepada (brother)
SuccessorElulu
HouseFirst Dynasty of Ur
Location of Ur, in Western Asia, modern Iraq.

Meskiagnun, also Mesh-ki-ang-Nanna (𒈩𒆠𒉘𒉣, mes-ki-ag₂-nun, also Sumerian: 𒀭𒈩𒆠𒉘𒉣𒈾, Dmes-ki-aŋ₂-nun-na), was the fourth lugal or king of the First Dynasty of Ur, according to the Sumerian King List, which states he ruled for 36 years.[1]

Bowl dedication[edit]

Meskiagnun is mentioned in two bowl dedications by his wife Gan-Saman, with the same inscription:

British Museum (BM 122255)[2]

𒈩𒆠𒉘𒉣 / 𒈗𒌶𒆠 / 𒃶𒊺𒉣𒂠𒁍𒉡 / 𒁮𒋤 / 𒀀𒈬𒊒
[mes-ki]-ag2-nun / lugal uri5ki / gan-saman (SZE.NUN.SZE3.BU)-nu / dam-su3 / a mu-ru

"For (the life of) Meski’agnun, king of Ur, Gan-Saman, his wife, dedicated this"

— Bowl of Gan-Saman (British Museum, BM 122255).[3][4]

Tummal inscription[edit]

He is also mentioned in the Tummal Inscription with his father Mesannepada, as restoring the Tummal shrine to Enlil and Ninlil in Nippur after it had "fallen into ruin":[5]

"En-me-barage-si, the king, built the Iri-nanam in Enlil's temple. Aga, son of En-me-barage-si, made the Tummal flourish and brought Ninlil into the Tummal. Then the Tummal fell into ruins for the first time. Meš-Ane-pada built the Bur-šušua in Enlil's temple. Meš-ki-aĝ-nuna, son of Meš-Ane-pada, made the Tummal flourish and brought Ninlil into the Tummal."

— Old Babylonian tablet Tummal Inscription (1900-1600 BCE)[6]

Sumerian King List[edit]

Meskiagnun appears in the Sumerian King List

This inscription attests to a relative date for Meskiagnun and his father between Enmebaragesi and Gilgamesh, whereas the Sumerian King List dates the father and son pair generations after Enmebaragesi and Gilgamesh. Samuel Noah Kramer notes that this raises "a chronological problem which cannot be resolved for the present."[7] Meskiagnun is mentioned as follows in the Sumerian King List:

"... Uruk with weapons was struck down, the kingship to Ur was carried off. In Ur Mesannepada was king, 80 years he ruled; Meskiagnun, son of Mesannepada, was king, 36 years he ruled; Elulu, 25 years he ruled; Balulu, 36 years he ruled; 4 kings, the years: 171(?) they ruled. Ur with weapons was struck down; the kingship to Awan was carried off.

— Sumerian King List, 137-147.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thorkild Jacobsen, The Sumerian King List (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939), pp. 94f
  2. ^ "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  3. ^ "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  4. ^ "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  5. ^ Sollberger, Edmond (1962). "The Tummal Inscription". Journal of Cuneiform Studies. 16: 40–47. doi:10.2307/1359332. ISSN 0022-0256. JSTOR 1359332.
  6. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
  7. ^ Kramer, The Sumerians (Chicago: University Press, 1963), p. 50
  8. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
A'annepada of Ur
King of Sumer Succeeded by
Elulu of Ur
Ensí of Ur