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MA Thesis OCT 2010 ADDIS ABABA University
MESQAN FOLKTALS a contribution to the documentation of the Mesqan language and its speakers The language and People Mesqan is an Ethio-Semitic language(by family)belonged to west Gurage sub-group (Hetzon 1972:119).Mesqan has no regional dialectal variations (Getu 1989).
Mesqan has no script and it is not used in schools or for administratine purposes.
As the family tree adopted from (Bender 1976:29) shows, Mesqan alon is grouped under the 2 tense group. This shows that Mesqan is different from other Gurage languages that have a 3 tense system.
3-tense group 2-tense group
Peripheral Central Mesqan Western Gurage Western Gurage (Ener,Endegen, (Izha,Chaha, Enemore,Geto) Gumer,Gura) Bender (1976:29)
The people who speak Mesqan live in Haikochina Butajira Woreda in southern nations, nationality and peoples regional stet (SNNPRS). It is bordered by Soddo to the North, Silti to the south, and Muxir to the west north.
The exact number of Masqan speakers is not mentioned in the central statistic authority (CSA :1994 G.C), but the total number of people in the former Mesqan and Mareqo Woreda amounts 227,135.According to the Ethiopian languages research center booklet (2005) the total number of ethnic Mesqan is 25,000.
The life of the Mesqan based on agriculture and trade. Their staple diet is based on Enset (tabe banana). Most of the Mesqan people are follow the Islamic faith. 1.1.2 The Previous Studies on Mesqan There is no much descriptive work on Mesqan, except a few serious explanation and B.A. theses. The study is focus on different areas such as, phonology, noun phrase, and verb morphology of Mesqan.
Leslau,Wolf(2004)discussed Mesqan verb compering with other Gurage language. Indal Naguse (1986) discussed how noun phrase are formed in Masqan, Abduljebar Awol (1988) presented the phonology of Mesqan. Getu Shikur work his senior essay on the verb morphology.