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Geheime Korrespondenz (secret correspondence), by Carl von Bergen
A headstone message in the Jerusalem British World War I Cemetery on Mount Scopus

A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients. A message may be delivered by various means, including courier, telegraphy, carrier pigeon and electronic bus. A message can be the content of a broadcast. An interactive exchange of messages forms a conversation.[1]

One example of a message is a press release, which may vary from a brief report or statement released by a public agency to commercial publicity material.


Roles in human communication[edit]

In communication between humans, messages can be verbal or nonverbal:

  • A verbal message is an exchange of information using words. Examples include face-to-face communication, telephone calls, voicemails, email etc.
  • A nonverbal message is communicated through actions or behaviors rather than words, such as by the use of body language.

In computer science[edit]

There are two main senses of the word "message" in computing: messages between the human users of computer systems that are delivered by those computer systems, and messages passed between programs or between components of a single program, for their own purposes.

Safety and privacy concerns[edit]

Because computers are automated, and they do not require human interaction to do something, there have been many safety and privacy concerns in many areas of the computer science industry regarding messages. There have been many cases where instant messaging apps were found to be at risk for spyware.[2] These concerns are not just limited to cellphones, laptops, desktops, or devices of the like. Some of these concerns even point towards displays in car dashboards, where these device are as smart as smartphones, however can be prone to attacks and is known that auto manufacturers have little to no regulations to follow when putting these devices in car dashboards.[3] It also has been found by research that car information displays on dashboards can be distracting.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carney, Dan (2009-04-08). "Dashboards meet the 21st century". Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  2. ^ Sunku, Durgaprasad (2019-11-01). "Hyderabad: WhatsApp is vulnerable to spyware attacks". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  3. ^ "Car dashboards that act like smart phones raise safety issues". Reuters. 2015-07-07. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  4. ^ DelBel, Antoinette (2019-07-25). "Research shows car dashboard technology is distracting, especially to older drivers". WHAM. Retrieved 2019-11-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Messages at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of message at Wiktionary
  • Quotations related to Message at Wikiquote