In chemistry, a mesylate is any salt or ester of methanesulfonic acid (CH3SO3H). In salts, the mesylate is present as the CH3SO3− anion. When modifying the International Nonproprietary Name of a pharmaceutical substance containing the group or anion, the correct spelling is mesilate (as in imatinib mesilate, the mesylate salt of imatinib).
Mesylate esters are a group of organic compounds that share a common functional group with the general structure CH3SO2O–R, abbreviated MsO–R, where R is an organic substituent. Mesylate is considered a leaving group in nucleophilic substitution reactions.
Related to mesylate, is the mesyl, an abbreviation for methanesulfonyl or CH3SO2 (Ms) functional group. For example, methanesulfonyl chloride is often referred to as mesyl chloride. Whereas mesylates are often hydrolytically labile, mesyl groups, when attached to nitrogen are robust with respect to hydrolysis. This functional group appears in a variety of medications, particularly cardiac (i.e. “antiarrhythmic”) but as sulfonamide moiety. Examples include Sotalol, ibutilide, sematilide, Dronedarone, Dofetilide, E-4031, and Bitopertin .
Ice core samples from a single spot in Antarctica were found to have tiny inclusions of magnesium methanesulfonate dodecahydrate. This natural phase is recognized as the mineral ernstburkeite. It is extremely rare.
- World Health Organization (February 2006). "International Nonproprietary Names Modified" (PDF). INN Working Document 05.167/3. WHO. Retrieved 5 December 2008.
- Rick L. Danheiser, Yeun-Min Tsai, and David M. Fink (1966). "A General Method for the Synthesis of Allenylsilanes: 1-Methyl-1-(trimethylsilyl)allene". Organic Syntheses. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.066.0001. (a procedure illustrating the use of mesylates).
- Valerie Vaillancourt, Michele M. Cudahy, Matthew M. Kreilein and Danielle L. Jacobs "Methanesulfonyl Chloride" in E-EROS Encyclopedia for Reagents in Organic Synthesis. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rm070.pub2
- Güner, Fatma Elif Genceli; Sakurai, Toshimitsu; Hondoh, Takeo (2013). "Ernstburkeite, Mg(CH3SO3)2·12H2O, a new mineral from Antarctica". European Journal of Mineralogy. 25 (1): 78–83. Bibcode:2013EJMin..25...78G. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2013/0025-2257.
- Ernstburkeite, Mindat