Definition of meta-functional expertise
Meta-functional expertise is the breadth of one’s strategically important knowledge. This is different from the traditional conceptualization of expertise, which is generally considered to be a great depth of knowledge in a defined area. Thus, experts are people who are distinguished as knowing a lot about a particular subject.
Meta-functional experts, on the other hand, are considered be somewhat knowledgeable in many different areas but not necessarily an expert in any single domain. Someone high on meta-functional expertise is similar to a generalist in that they have a wide array of knowledge. However, where generalists know many different things meta-functional experts have enough depth of knowledge in each area to be considered knowledgeable by other members of their team at work.
Results of meta-functional expertise
Individuals high on meta-functional expertise are:
- better able to acquire social power at work because they can translate between specialists.
- more successful as entrepreneurs
- more innovative
- more likely to get promoted at work
- better able to get information from people outside of their work team
Groups with more meta-functional experts on them perform better because they:
- communicate better with one another and share more ideas 
- understand their surroundings better 
- gain knowledge external to the group more efficiently
- are more innovative
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