Meta Content Framework

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Meta Content Framework (MCF) is a specification of a content format for structuring metadata about web sites and other data.


MCF was developed by Ramanathan V. Guha at Apple Computer's Advanced Technology Group between 1995 and 1997. Rooted in knowledge-representation systems such as CycL, KRL, and KIF, it sought to describe objects, their attributes, and the relationships between them.[1]

One application of MCF was HotSauce, also developed by Guha while at Apple. It generated a 3D visualization of a web site's table of contents, based on MCF descriptions. By late 1996, a few hundred sites were creating MCF files and Apple HotSauce allowed users to browse these MCF representations in 3D.[1]

When the research project was discontinued, Guha left Apple for Netscape, where, in collaboration with Tim Bray, he adapted MCF to use XML[2][3] and created the first version of the Resource Description Framework (RDF).[4]


  1. ^ a b Hammersley, Ben (2003). Content Syndication with RSS. Sebastopol: O'Reilly. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-596-00383-8.
  2. ^ Guha, R V; Tim Bray (1997-06-06). Meta Content Framework Using XML. W3C. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  3. ^ Guha, R.V.; Bray, Tim (1997-06-13). "Meta Content Framework Using XML". Netscape. Archived from the original on June 15, 1997. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
  4. ^ Andreessen, Marc (1999-01-08). "Innovators of the Net: R.V. Guha and RDF". Netscape. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2014-09-14.

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