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Temporal range: Late Cretaceous–Recent
Metanephrops japonicus edit.jpg
Metanephrops japonicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Nephropidae
Genus: Metanephrops
Jenkins, 1972
Type species
Nephrops japonicus
Tapparone-Canefri, 1873

Metanephrops is a genus of lobsters, commonly known as scampi. Important species for fishery include Metanephrops australiensis (Australian scampi) and Metanephrops challengeri (New Zealand scampi). It differs from other lobsters such as Homarus and Nephrops norvegicus in that its two main claws are of equal size, rather than being differentiated into a crusher and a pincher.[1] There are 18 extant species recognised in the genus:[2]

A further three species are known from fossils:[3][4]


  1. ^ Lipke Holthuis (1991). FAO species catalogue Vol. 13: Marine lobsters of the world. FAO. 
  2. ^ Tin-Yam Chan (2010). "Metanephrops Jenkins, 1972". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. 
  4. ^ Dale Tshudy, Tin-Yam Chan & Ulf Sorhannus (2007). "Morphology-based clasdistic analysis of Metanephrops: the most diverse extant genus of clawed lobster (Nephropidae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 27 (3): 463–476. doi:10.1651/S-2777.1.