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Type Greek liqueur
Country of origin Athens, Greece
Introduced 1888
Variants Metaxa 3 stars, Metaxa 5 stars, Metaxa 7 stars, Metaxa 12 stars, Metaxa Private Reserve, Metaxa AEN

Metaxa (Greek: Μεταξά) is a Greek liqueur based on brandy blended with wine and flavorings. It is exported to over 65 countries.


The House of Metaxa was founded by a Greek merchant and entrepreneur named Spyros Metaxas, born on the island of Euboea.[1] The name "Metaxas" means "silk merchant".[2] He created the first Greek brandy and was involved in the foundation of the first distillation facility in 1888, a little over 50 years after the Greek War of Independence. The business soon expanded with new factories in Istanbul and Odessa. In 1900 the first exports to the United States took place and the drink became known as "the flying brandy".[citation needed]

Metaxa family mansion in Piraeus, built in 1899

Following Spyros Metaxas's death, his sons carried on his work. Metaxa is the only Greek industry that survived both World Wars. In 1968 a new factory was built in Kifissia, Athens.

The label shows a Salamina Warrior, a figure on an ancient Greek trireme that was carved on a coin of that period, found during the excavation of the first factory in Piraeus in 1888.

The House of Metaxa has won several gold medals in international spirit competitions. In 1989 the company was bought by the British drinks group Grand Metropolitan (now called Diageo) and was later sold to the Rémy Cointreau group.[3]


“Metaxa starts out like a brandy, with a variety of distillates made from dry white wines from different parts of Greece. After periods of ageing in oak casks, the distillates are blended and mixed with a small amount of rich muscat wine from the Greek Aegean Islands of Samos and Limnos. Finally, Mediterranean herb and floral extracts are added – a secret recipe apart from rose petals.”[4]

Metaxa's smoothness comes from its Muscat wine. The resulting distillates are kept in cellars, in limousin French oak barrels. French barrels are considered more desirable than those made in North America since French Oak has smaller pores than its American counterpart. This slows the transfer of flavour between the barrel and the liquor contained within.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Το «Μεταξά» που κατέκτησε την υφήλιο (Greek)
  2. ^ Andriotis et al., Λεξικό της Κοινής Νεοελληνικής
  3. ^ Remy Cointreau: Liqueurs and Spirits.
  4. ^ Tod Stewart, "Lured", Quench by, February/March 2013, p. 28 [1]

External links[edit]